§ 8-201 Establishment of parent-child relationship.
(a) The mother-child relationship is established between a woman and a child by:
(1) The woman’s having given birth to the child, unless she is not the intended parent pursuant to a gestational carrier arrangement;
(2) An adjudication of the woman’s maternity;
(3) Adoption of the child by the woman;
(4) A determination by the court that the woman is a de facto parent of the child; or
(5) The woman’s intending to be the mother of a child born pursuant to a gestational carrier arrangement; or
(6) The woman’s having consented to assisted reproduction by another woman under subchapter VII of this chapter which resulted in the birth of the child.
(b) The father-child relationship is established between a man and a child by:
(1) An unrebutted presumption of the man’s paternity of the child under § 8-204 of this title;
(2) An effective acknowledgment of paternity by the man under subchapter III of this chapter, unless the acknowledgment has been rescinded or successfully challenged;
(3) An adjudication of the man’s paternity;
(4) Adoption of the child by the man;
(5) The man’s having consented to assisted reproduction by a woman under subchapter VII of this chapter which resulted in the birth of the child; or
(6) A determination by the court that the man is a de facto parent of the child
(c) De facto parent status is established if the Family Court determines that the de facto parent:
(1) Has had the support and consent of the child’s parent or parents who fostered the formation and establishment of a parent-like relationship between the child and the de facto parent;
(2) Has exercised parental responsibility for the child as that term is defined in § 1101 of this title; and
(3) Has acted in a parental role for a length of time sufficient to have established a bonded and dependent relationship with the child that is parental in nature.
§ 8-202 No discrimination based on marital status.
A child born to parents who are not married to each other has the same rights under the law as a child born to parents who are married to each other.
§ 8-203 Consequences of establishment of parentage.
Unless parental rights are terminated, a parent-child relationship established under this chapter applies for all purposes, except as otherwise specifically provided by other law of this State.
§ 8-204 Presumption of paternity in context of marriage.
(a) A man is presumed to be the father of a child if:
(1) He and the mother of the child are married to each other and the child is born during the marriage;
(2) He and the mother of the child were married to each other and the child is born within 300 days after the marriage is terminated by death, annulment, declaration of invalidity, or divorce;
(3) Before the birth of the child, he and the mother of the child married each other in apparent compliance with law, even if the attempted marriage is or could be declared invalid, and the child is born during the invalid marriage or within 300 days after its termination by death, annulment, declaration of invalidity or divorce;
(4) After the birth of the child, he and the mother of the child married each other in apparent compliance with law, whether or not the marriage is or could be declared invalid, and he voluntarily asserted his paternity of the child, and:
(i) The assertion is in a record filed with the Office of Vital Statistics;
(ii) He agreed to be and is named as the child’s father on the child’s birth certificate; or
(iii) He promised in a record to support the child as his own; or
(5) For the first 2 years of the child’s life, he resided in the same household with the child and openly held out the child as his own.
(b) A presumption of paternity established under this section may be rebutted only by an adjudication under subchapter VI of this chapter.