Decedents’ Estates and Fiduciary Relations
CHAPTER 39. Guardianship
Subchapter VI. Public Guardian
(a) There is established an Office of the Public Guardian, with a Public Guardian who shall serve as follows:
(1) The guardian of last resort for the citizens of Delaware who have been determined to lack capacity to make decisions regarding their persons, their property, or both.
(2) The representative payee of last resort for Social Security benefits.
(3) The VA fiduciary of last resort for Department of Veterans Affairs benefits.
(b) The Public Guardian shall advocate and provide services under subsection (a) of this section, work with advocacy groups and state agencies to promote systemic reform and recommend changes in the law, procedure and policy necessary to enhance the provision of services for substituted and supported decision-making, and act as an informational resource for the public. The Public Guardian shall serve as Executive Director of the Delaware Guardianship Commission and promote the purposes of the Commission, and shall represent the Office of the Public Guardian in matters in which the appointment of the Public Guardian is sought.
(c) To bring about these goals, the Public Guardian must be an attorney duly licensed to practice law in Delaware, selected by the Governor, and shall serve for a term of 6 years from the date of swearing in.59 Del. Laws, c. 579, § 9; 60 Del. Laws, c. 511, § 50; 60 Del. Laws, c. 570, § 9; 60 Del. Laws, c. 722, § 3; 69 Del. Laws, c. 109, § 2; 70 Del Laws, c. 186,, § 1; 78 Del. Laws, c. 40, § 1; 78 Del. Laws, c. 179, §§ 121-123; 80 Del. Laws, c. 302, § 1; 82 Del. Laws, c. 90, § 3; 83 Del. Laws, c. 37, § 14;
For the purposes of this chapter:
(1) “Court” means the Court of Chancery or the court which has jurisdiction for the appointment of guardians for the person, or property, or both, pursuant to this chapter.
(2) “Guardian” means a court-appointed guardian.
(3) “Guardianship Commission” means the Delaware Guardianship Commission.
(4) The term “last resort’' includes any of the following:
a. Circumstances in which there is no other suitable person related to the individual willing or able to serve as surrogate decision maker guardian, representative payee, or VA fiduciary.
b. Circumstances in which a person willing or able to serve, or already serving, as a validly appointed agent of a durable power of attorney, a surrogate decision maker, representative payee, VA fiduciary, or a guardian, is available but sufficient cause has been found by the court that the individual available or so acting is not suitable to serve and that the appointment of the Public Guardian is in the best interest of the person who is incapacitated.
c. Exceptional circumstances have been found by the court to establish that appointment of the Public Guardian is in the best interest of the person who is incapacitated.
(5) “Person who is incapacitated’' means a “person with a disability’' as that term is defined under § 3901(a)(2) of this title.
(6) “Representative payee” means a person appointed by the Social Security Administration to receive Social Security or SSI benefits for an individual who cannot manage or direct the management of the individual’s Social Security or SSI benefits.
(7) “VA fiduciary” means a person appointed by the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) to receive VA benefits for an individual who is unable to manage the individual’s VA benefits.78 Del. Laws, c. 40, § 1; 78 Del. Laws, c. 179, §§ 121-123; 82 Del. Laws, c. 90, § 4;
The Public Guardian:
(1) Shall establish case acceptance priorities and other administrative policies and procedures in consultation with the Guardianship Commission.
(2) Shall receive referrals and recommendations regarding individuals who may be in need of services under § 3981(a) of this title and independently evaluate the referral to make a determination as to the physical, social, and financial conditions of the individual, whether there are alternatives to public services under § 3981(a) of this title, and whether the individual is at risk of abuse, neglect, or exploitation.
(3) After evaluation of the conditions of the individual and in consideration of the established case acceptance priorities, may do any of the following:
a. Make a recommendation as to a suitable individual who is available and willing to serve as guardian or surrogate decision maker or refer to an appropriate private, nonprofit, or other entity willing to serve as guardian, representative payee, or VA fiduciary.
b. File a petition for its own appointment as guardian, or file for the appointment of any other individual as guardian where it is determined that the filing of a petition on behalf of another may avoid the need for public guardianship.
c. Consent to serve as guardian where another entity or individual files a petition for the appointment of the Public Guardian.
d. Consent to appointment as representative payee or VA fiduciary for an individual in an acute care setting or who is a client of the Department of Health and Social Services.
(4) When appointed as guardian by court order, shall serve as guardian of last resort, either plenary or limited; temporary guardian; or successor guardian; of the person or property, or both, of persons who are determined to be incapacitated for reasons other than minority. The Public Guardian shall have the same powers and duties as a private guardian as set out by this chapter and as defined by the court upon appointment.
(5) Shall acquire recognized certification as a guardian where available in a timely manner upon appointment and maintain certification while acting as Public Guardian, and promote and act in accordance with nationally recognized standards of guardianship and those developed in cooperation with the Delaware Guardianship Commission.
(6) a. May offer advice and guidance, without court appointment as guardian, to persons who request assistance or to those on whose behalf such assistance is requested for the purpose of encouraging maximum self-reliance and independence and avoiding the need for appointment of a guardian.
b. May take all necessary action, including programs of public education and legislative advocacy, to secure and ensure the legal, civil, and special rights of those determined by the court to be incapacitated.
(7) Shall submit an annual report on the efforts of the Office that shall be provided to the Guardianship Commission and included in the annual report of the Guardianship Commission.
(8) May coordinate volunteer legal representation for wards of the Office to assist with needed representation before administrative agencies and courts to pursue the legal rights and remedies of the ward and a volunteer legal community outreach program to assist the Office of the Public Guardian in educating the community about guardianship and alternatives to guardianship.
(9) May apply for and accept grants, gifts and bequests of funds from other state, federal and interstate agencies, as well as private firms, individuals and foundations, for the purpose of carrying out the lawful responsibilities of the Office of the Public Guardian and the Guardianship Commission. The funds must be deposited with the State Treasurer in a restricted receipt account established to permit funds to be expended in accordance with the provision of the grant, gift, or bequest.
(10) Shall take whatever actions are necessary to help the Guardianship Commission accomplish its goals.59 Del. Laws, c. 579, § 9; 60 Del. Laws, c. 511, § 50; 60 Del. Laws, c. 570, § 9; 60 Del. Laws, c. 722, § 3; 69 Del. Laws, c. 109, § 2; 78 Del. Laws, c. 40, § 1; 82 Del. Laws, c. 90, § 5;
The Public Guardian may appoint subordinates and delegate the appointed authority to subordinates to assist in carrying out the purposes of this subchapter. Subordinates may include such nonprofit organizations as the Public Guardian shall deem to be qualified in carrying out the duties as a subordinate guardian. The Public Guardian shall prepare an annual fiscal budget for the operation of the Office of the Public Guardian.
The General Assembly may annually appropriate such sums as it may deem necessary for the payment of the salary of the Public Guardian, the staff, and for the payment of actual expenses incurred by the Office of the Public Guardian. The Office of the Public Guardian shall be operated within limitation of the annual appropriation and any other funds appropriated by the General Assembly or designated for that purpose from the estate of the person with a disability by the court.
Special funds may be used in accordance with approved programs, grants, and appropriations.59 Del. Laws, c. 579, § 9; 60 Del. Laws, c. 511, § 50; 60 Del. Laws, c. 570, § 9; 60 Del. Laws, c. 722, § 3; 69 Del. Laws, c. 109, § 2; 78 Del. Laws, c. 40, § 1; 78 Del. Laws, c. 179, §§ 121-123;
In any proceeding for appointment of the Office of the Public Guardian, or in any proceeding involving the estate of a person with a disability for whom the Public Guardian has been appointed guardian of the person or of the property, the court may waive any court costs or filing fees.
If the Public Guardian has been appointed guardian of the person or of the property, administrative costs and all costs incurred in the appointment procedure shall not be charged against the income or estate of the person. If at any time the court determines that the income or the estate of the person can support the payment of any part of these costs, the court may enter an order charging that part of the payment of cost against the income or estate.59 Del. Laws, c. 579, § 9; 60 Del. Laws, c. 511, § 50; 60 Del. Laws, c. 570, § 9; 60 Del. Laws, c. 722, § 3; 69 Del. Laws, c. 109, § 2; 78 Del. Laws, c. 40, § 1; 78 Del. Laws, c. 179, §§ 121-123;
(a) The Public Guardian may collect fees for the provision of its services from the income or resources of any person for which it has been appointed guardian of the person or property or for whom it acts as representative payee.
(b) A person receiving services from the Office of the Public Guardian whose financial resources are deemed sufficient, pursuant to standards to be established by the Guardianship Commission and to be approved by the Court, shall be required to pay compensation for services related to guardianship or representative payee duties in accordance with such established standards. The Court may, in its discretion, alter or amend any financial obligation imposed under this section.
(c) Fees collected shall not go into the General Fund but shall be held in a special fund to be expended by the Office of the Public Guardian in furtherance of its purpose and to support the Guardianship Commission.83 Del. Laws, c. 95, § 1;
No attorney, director, investigator, social worker, or other person employed by, contracted by, or volunteering for the Office of the Public Guardian shall be subject to suit directly, derivatively, or by way of contribution or indemnification for any civil damages under the laws of Delaware resulting from any act or omission performed during or in connection with the discharge of his or her duties with the Office within the scope of his or her appointment or employment, unless the act or omission was done with gross or wanton negligence, or maliciously, or in bad faith.78 Del. Laws, c. 40, § 1; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1;
The Public Guardian shall post bond as required by the court upon the appointment of the office. The Office of the Public Guardian shall apply for and maintain bond sufficient to insure the assets managed by the office.59 Del. Laws, c. 579, § 9; 60 Del. Laws, c. 511, § 50; 60 Del. Laws, c. 570, § 9; 60 Del. Laws, c. 722, § 3; 69 Del. Laws, c. 109, § 2; 70 Del Laws, c. 186,, § 1; 78 Del. Laws, c. 40, § 1;