TITLE 21

Motor Vehicles

Operation and Equipment

CHAPTER 41. RULES OF THE ROAD

Subchapter IX. Reckless Driving; Driving While Intoxicated


(a) No person shall drive any vehicle in wilful or wanton disregard for the safety of persons or property, and this offense shall be known as reckless driving.

(b) Whoever violates subsection (a) of this section shall for the first offense be fined not less than $100 nor more than $300, or be imprisoned not less than 10 nor more than 30 days, or both. For each subsequent like offense occurring within 3 years of a former offense, the person shall be fined not less than $300 nor more than $1,000, or be imprisoned not less than 30 nor more than 60 days, or both. No person who violates subsection (a) of this section shall receive a suspended sentence. However, for the first offense, the period of imprisonment may be suspended. Whoever is convicted of violating subsection (a) of this section and who has had the charge reduced from the violation of § 4177(a) of this title shall, in addition to the above, be ordered to complete a course of instruction or program of rehabilitation established under § 4177D of this title and to pay all fees in connection therewith. In such cases, the court disposing of the case shall note in the court's record that the offense was alcohol-related or drug-related and such notation shall be carried on the violator's motor vehicle record.

21 Del. C. 1953, § 4175; 54 Del. Laws, c. 160, § 1; 65 Del. Laws, c. 503, § 19; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1; 75 Del. Laws, c. 315, § 6.;

(a) No person shall drive any vehicle in an aggressive manner, as defined by this section, and such offense shall be known as aggressive driving.

(b) For purposes of this section, "aggressive manner" shall mean that an individual engages in continuous conduct which violates 3 or more of the following sections:

(1) Section 4107 of this title, relating to obedience to traffic-control devices;

(2) Section 4108 of this title, relating to traffic control signals;

(3) Section 4117 of this title, relating to overtaking on the right;

(4) Section 4122 of this title, relating to driving within a traffic lane;

(5) Section 4123 of this title, relating to following too closely;

(6) Section 4132 of this title, relating to yielding to the right-of-way;

(7) Section 4133 of this title, relating to vehicles entering the roadway;

(8) Section 4155 of this title, relating to use of turn signals;

(9) Section 4164 of this title, relating to stop signs and yield signs;

(10) Section 4166(d) of this title, relating to overtaking and passing school buses;

(11) Section 4168 of this title, relating to speed restrictions; and

(12) Section 4169, relating to specific speed limits.

(c) Whoever violates this section shall for the first offense be fined not less than $100 nor more than $300 or be imprisoned not less than 10 nor more than 30 days, or both. For each subsequent like offense occurring within 3 years of a former offense, the person shall be fined not less than $300 nor more than $1,000 or be imprisoned not less than 30 nor more than 60 days, or both, and the person shall have their driving privileges suspended for a period of 30 days.

(d) In addition to the penalties imposed pursuant to subsection (c) of this section, whoever violates this section shall be ordered to complete a course of instruction established by the Secretary to address behavior modification or attitudinal driving. The Secretary shall administer such courses and programs and adopt rules and regulations therefor, and shall establish a schedule of fees for enrollment in such courses and programs that shall not exceed the maximum fine imposed pursuant to subsection (c) of this section.

(e) Nothing in this section shall be construed to preclude or otherwise limit a prosecution of or conviction for a violation of this chapter or any other provision of law. A person may be prosecuted and convicted of both the offense of aggressive driving and 1 or more underlying offenses as defined elsewhere by the laws of the State.

72 Del. Laws, c. 216, § 1; 73 Del. Laws, c. 113, § 1; 74 Del. Laws, c. 285, § 1.;

(a) Whoever operates a vehicle in a careless or imprudent manner, or without due regard for road, weather and traffic conditions then existing, shall be guilty of careless driving.

(b) Whoever operates a vehicle and who fails to give full time and attention to the operation of the vehicle, or whoever fails to maintain a proper lookout while operating the vehicle, shall be guilty of inattentive driving.

(c) Whoever violates this section shall for the first offense be fined not less than $25 nor more than $75. For each subsequent like offense occurring within 3 years of a former offense, the person shall be fined not less than $50 nor more than $95.

(d)(1) In addition to any other penalty imposed for an offense committed under this section, if the finder of fact determines that the commission of that offense contributed to the serious physical injury of a vulnerable user lawfully in the public right-of-way, the court shall:

a. Impose a sentence that requires the person convicted of the offense to:

1. Complete a traffic safety course approved by the Delaware Division of Motor Vehicles;

2. Perform up to 100 hours of community service, which must include activities related to driver improvement and providing public education on traffic safety;

b. Impose, but suspend on the condition that the person complete the requirements of paragraph (d)(1)a. of this section,

1. A fine of not more than $550; and

2. A suspension of driving privileges as provided in § 2733(a)(2) of this title; and

3. Set a hearing date up to 1 year from the date of sentencing. At that hearing, the court shall:

A. If the person has successfully completed the requirements described in paragraph (d)(1)a. of this section, dismiss the penalties imposed under paragraphs (d)(1)b.1. and 2. of this section.

B. If the person has not successfully completed the requirements described in paragraph (d)(1)a. of this section, either: I. Grant the person an extension based on good cause shown, or II. Impose the penalties under paragraphs (d)(1)b.1. and 2. of this section.

(2) The police officer issuing the citation for an offense under this section shall note on the citation if the cited offense contributed to the serious physical injury of a vulnerable user of the public right-of-way. If so noted, the person receiving the citation shall not be permitted to use the voluntary assessment process otherwise permitted under § 709 of this title.

(3) As used herein, "vulnerable user of a public right-of-way" means:

a. A pedestrian, including those persons actually engaged in work upon a highway, or in work upon utility facilities along a highway, or engaged in the provision of emergency services within the right-of-way; or

b. A person riding an animal; or

c. A person operating any of the following on a public right-of-way, crosswalk, or shoulder of the highway:

1. A farm tractor or similar vehicle designed primarily for farm use;

2. A skateboard;

3. Roller skates;

4. In-line skates;

5. A scooter;

6. A moped;

7. A bicycle; or

8. A motorcycle.

21 Del. C. 1953, § 4175A; 56 Del. Laws, c. 305; 60 Del. Laws, c. 701, § 47; 65 Del. Laws, c. 503, § 20; 68 Del. Laws, c. 9, § 31; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1; 77 Del. Laws, c. 464, § 1; 78 Del. Laws, c. 208, §§ 8-10.;

(a) A person is guilty of operation of a vehicle causing death when, in the course of driving or operating a motor vehicle or OHV in violation of any provision of this chapter other than § 4177 of this title, the person's driving or operation of the vehicle or OHV causes the death of another person.

(b) Operation of a vehicle causing death is an unclassified misdemeanor.

(c) Notwithstanding any provision of law to the contrary, a person convicted of operation of a vehicle causing death shall for the first offense be fined not more than $1,150 and imprisoned not more than 30 months. For each subsequent conviction under this section the person shall be fined not more than $2,300 and imprisoned not more than 60 months.

(d) The Superior Court has original and exclusive jurisdiction over a violation of this section by a person 18 years of age or older. Notwithstanding any provision of law to the contrary, an offense which is within the original and/or exclusive jurisdiction of another court and which may be joined properly with a violation of this section is deemed to be within the original and exclusive jurisdiction of the Superior Court.

74 Del. Laws, c. 99, § 1.;

(a) No driver shall operate a school bus on any highway while using a cell telephone while such vehicle is in motion and such vehicle is transporting 1 or more children; provided, that this section shall not apply to communications made to and from a central dispatch, school transportation department or its equivalent when the bus is not equipped with a functioning 2-way radio.

(b) For the purposes of this section, "cell telephone" means a cellular, analog, wireless or digital telephone.

(c) Whoever violates this section shall for the first offense be fined not less than $50 nor more than $100. For each subsequent offense the person shall be fined not less than $100 nor more than $200 and shall have that person's school bus endorsement removed from that person's driver's license for a period of at least 6 months.

(d) It is an affirmative defense to prosecution under this section that the driver's use of a cell telephone was necessitated by a bona fide emergency.

74 Del. Laws, c. 318, § 1; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1.;

(a) No person shall drive a motor vehicle on any highway while using an electronic communication device while such motor vehicle is in motion.

(b) For the purposes of this section, the following terms shall mean:

(1) "Cell telephone" shall mean a cellular, analog, wireless or digital telephone.

(2) "Electronic communication device" shall mean a cell telephone, personal digital assistant, electronic device with mobile data access, laptop computer, pager, broadband personal communication device, 2-way messaging device, electronic game, or portable computing device.

(3) "Engages or engaging in a call" shall mean when a person talks into or listens on an electronic communication device, but shall not mean when a person dials or punches a phone number on an electronic communication device.

(4) "Hands-free electronic communication device" shall mean an electronic communication device that has an internal feature or function, or that is equipped with an attachment or addition, whether or not permanently part of such electronic communication device, by which a user engages in a call without the use of either hand or both hands.

(5) "Hands-free equipment" shall mean the internal feature or function of a hands-free electronic communication device or the attachment or addition to a hands-free electronic communication device by which a user may engage in a call without the use of either hand or both hands.

(6) "Using" shall mean holding in a person's hand or hands an electronic communication device while:

a. Viewing or transmitting images or data;

b. Playing games;

c. Composing, sending, reading, viewing, accessing, browsing, transmitting, saving or retrieving e-mail, text messages or other electronic data; or

d. Engaging in a call.

(c) Subsection (a) of this section shall not apply to:

(1) A law-enforcement officer, a firefighter, an emergency medical technician, a paramedic or the operator of an authorized emergency vehicle in the performance of their official duties;

(2) A person using an electronic communication device to report to appropriate authorities a fire, a traffic accident, a serious road hazard, or medical or hazardous materials emergency, or to report the operator of another motor vehicle who is driving in a reckless, careless or otherwise unsafe manner or who appears to be driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs, or to report any crime;

(3) A person using a cell telephone who is operating a school bus and covered under § 4176B of this title;

(4) A person engaging in a call with a hands-free electronic communication device while utilizing hands-free equipment and such person does not hold the hands-free electronic communication device in such person's hand or hands;

(5) The activation or deactivation of hands-free equipment or a function of hands-free equipment;

(6) A person driving or operating an unregistered farm tractor, farm truck or farm equipment;

(7) Use of an amateur radio by an FCC-licensed amateur radio operator; and

(8) A person who during their course of employment with a business or government entity uses a 2-way radio mounted or attached to a motor vehicle to communicate with a central dispatch, base of operation, or with other employees of such business or government entity.

(d) Whoever violates this section shall for the first offense be subject to a civil penalty of $50. For each subsequent offense the person shall be subject to a civil penalty of not less than $100 nor more than $200.

(e) No motor vehicle points shall be assessed for a violation of this section. Additionally, a violation of this section shall not be made a part of a person's driving record unless that person was operating a commercial motor vehicle at the time of violation.

77 Del. Laws, c. 343, § 1; 77 Del. Laws, c. 344, § 1; 77 Del. Laws, c. 345, § 1; 78 Del. Laws, c. 279, § 1.;

(a) No person shall operate a motor vehicle on a highway, express highway, roadway or private road as defined in § 101 of this title when a Level 3 Driving Ban or a Level 2 Driving Restriction has been activated during an emergency, unless the person is a first responder, essential personnel, or a waiver has been granted, pursuant to § 3116(b)(12) of Title 20.

(b) Whoever violates this section shall for the first offense be fined not less than $25 nor more than $115. For each subsequent like offense, the person shall be fined not less than $50 nor more than $200, or imprisoned not less than 10 nor more than 30 days, or both.

77 Del. Laws, c. 447, § 1.;

(a) No person shall drive a vehicle:

(1) When the person is under the influence of alcohol;

(2) When the person is under the influence of any drug;

(3) When the person is under the influence of a combination of alcohol and any drug;

(4) When the person's alcohol concentration is .08 or more; or

(5) When the person's alcohol concentration is, within 4 hours after the time of driving .08 or more. Notwithstanding any other provision of the law to the contrary, a person is guilty under this subsection, without regard to the person's alcohol concentration at the time of driving, if the person's alcohol concentration is, within 4 hours after the time of driving .08 or more and that alcohol concentration is the result of an amount of alcohol present in, or consumed by the person when that person was driving;

(6) When the person's blood contains, within 4 hours of driving, any amount of an illicit or recreational drug that is the result of the unlawful use or consumption of such illicit or recreational drug or any amount of a substance or compound that is the result of the unlawful use or consumption of an illicit or recreational drug prior to or during driving.

(b) In a prosecution for a violation of subsection (a) of this section:

(1) Except as provided in paragraph (b)(3)b. of this section, the fact that any person charged with violating this section is, or has been, legally entitled to use alcohol or a drug shall not constitute a defense.

(2)a. No person shall be guilty under paragraph (a)(5) of this section when the person has not consumed alcohol prior to or during driving but has only consumed alcohol after the person has ceased driving and only such consumption after driving caused the person to have an alcohol concentration of .08 or more within 4 hours after the time of driving.

b. No person shall be guilty under paragraph (a)(5) of this section when the person's alcohol concentration was .08 or more at the time of testing only as a result of the consumption of a sufficient quantity of alcohol that occurred after the person ceased driving and before any sampling which raised the person's alcohol concentration to .08 or more within 4 hours after the time of driving.

(3)a. No person shall be guilty under paragraph (a)(6) of this section when the person has not used or consumed an illicit or recreational drug prior to or during driving but has only used or consumed such drug after the person has ceased driving and only such use or consumption after driving caused the person's blood to contain an amount of the drug or an amount of a substance or compound that is the result of the use or consumption of the drug within 4 hours after the time of driving.

b. No person shall be guilty under paragraph (a)(6) of this section when the person has used or consumed the drug or drugs detected according to the directions and terms of a lawfully obtained prescription for such drug or drugs.

c. Nothing in this subsection nor any other provision of this chapter shall be deemed to preclude prosecution under paragraph (a)(2) or (a)(3) of this section.

(4) The charging document may allege a violation of subsection (a) of this section without specifying any particular paragraph of subsection (a) of this section and the prosecution may seek conviction under any of the paragraphs of subsection (a) of this section.

(c) For purposes of subchapter III of Chapter 27 of this title, this section and § 4177B of this title, the following definitions shall apply:

(1) "Alcohol concentration of .08 or more" shall mean:

a. An amount of alcohol in a sample of a person's blood equivalent to .08 or more grams of alcohol per 100 milliliters of blood; or

b. An amount of alcohol in a sample of a person's breath equivalent to .08 or more grams per 210 liters of breath.

(2) "Alcohol concentration of .15 or more" shall mean:

a. An amount of alcohol in a sample of a person's blood equivalent to .15 or more grams of alcohol per 100 milliliters of blood; or

b. An amount of alcohol in a sample of a person's breath equivalent to .15 or more grams per 210 liters of breath.

(3) "Chemical test" or "test" shall include any form or method of analysis of a person's blood, breath or urine for the purposes of determining alcohol concentration or the presence of drugs which is approved for use by the Forensic Sciences Laboratory, Division of Forensic Science, the Delaware State Police Crime Laboratory, any state or federal law-enforcement agency, or any hospital or medical laboratory. It shall not, however, include a preliminary screening test of breath performed in order to estimate the alcohol concentration of a person at the scene of a stop or other initial encounter between an officer and the person.

(4) "Drive" shall include driving, operating, or having actual physical control of a vehicle.

(5) "Drug" shall include any substance or preparation defined as such by Title 11 or Title 16 or which has been placed in the schedules of controlled substances pursuant to Chapter 47 of Title 16. "Drug" shall also include any substance or preparation having the property of releasing vapors or fumes which may be used for the purpose of producing a condition of intoxication, inebriation, exhilaration, stupefaction or lethargy or for the purpose of dulling the brain or nervous system.

(6) "Illicit or recreational drug" as that phrase is used in paragraph (a)(6) of this section means any substance or preparation that is:

a. Any material, compound, combination, mixture, synthetic substitute or preparation which is enumerated as a Schedule I controlled substance under § 4714 of Title 16; or

b. Cocaine or of any mixture containing cocaine, as described in § 4716(b)(4) of Title 16; or

c. Amphetamine, including its salts, optical isomers and salt of its optical isomers, or of any mixture containing any such substance, as described in § 4716(d)(1) of Title 16; or

d. Methamphetamine, including its salt, isomer or salt of an isomer thereof, or of any mixture containing any such substance, as described in § 4716(d)(3) of Title 16; or

e. Phencyclidine, or of any mixture containing any such substance, as described in § 4716(e)(5) of Title 16; or

f. A designer drug as defined in § 4701 of Title 16; or

g. A substance or preparation having the property of releasing vapors or fumes which may be used for the purpose of producing a condition of intoxication, inebriation, stupefaction or lethargy or for the purpose of dulling the brain or nervous system.

(7) "Unlawful use or consumption" as that phrase is used in paragraph (a)(6) of this section means that the person used or consumed a drug without legal authority to do so as provided by Delaware law. This Code describes the procedure by which a person may lawfully obtain, use or consume certain drugs. In a prosecution brought under paragraph (a)(6) of this section, the State need not present evidence of a lack of such legal authority. In a prosecution brought under paragraph (a)(6) of this section, if a person claims that such person lawfully used or consumed a drug, it is that person's burden to show that person has complied with and satisfied the provisions of this Code regarding obtaining, using or consumption of the drug detected.

(8) "Substance or compound that is the result of the unlawful use or consumption of an illicit or recreational drug" as that phrase is used in paragraph (a)(6) of this section shall not include any substance or compound that is solely an inactive ingredient or inactive metabolite of such drug.

(9) "Vehicle" shall include any vehicle as defined in § 101(80) of this title, any off-highway vehicle as defined in § 101(39) of this title and any moped as defined in § 101(31) of this title.

(10) "While under the influence" shall mean that the person is, because of alcohol or drugs or a combination of both, less able than the person would ordinarily have been, either mentally or physically, to exercise clear judgment, sufficient physical control, or due care in the driving of a vehicle.

(d) Whoever is convicted of a violation of subsection (a) of this section shall:

(1) For the first offense, be fined not less than $500 nor more than $1,500 or imprisoned not more than 12 months or both. Any period of imprisonment imposed under this paragraph may be suspended.

(2) For a second offense occurring at any time within 10 years of a prior offense, be fined not less than $750 nor more than $2,500 and imprisoned not less than 60 days nor more than 18 months. The minimum sentence for a person sentenced under this paragraph may not be suspended.

(3) For a third offense occurring at any time after 2 prior offenses, be guilty of a class G felony, be fined not more than $5,000 and be imprisoned not less than 1 year nor more than 2 years. The provisions of § 4205(b)(7) or § 4217 of Title 11 or any other statute to the contrary notwithstanding, the first 3 months of the sentence shall not be suspended, but shall be served at Level V and shall not be subject to any early release, furlough or reduction of any kind. The sentencing court may suspend up to 9 months of any minimum sentence set forth in this paragraph provided, however, that any portion of a sentence suspended pursuant to this paragraph shall include participation in both a drug and alcohol abstinence program and a drug and alcohol treatment program as set forth in paragraph (d)(9) of this section.

(4) For a fourth offense occurring any time after 3 prior offenses, be guilty of a class E felony, be fined not more than $7,000, and imprisoned not less than 2 years nor more than 5 years. The provisions of § 4205(b)(5) or § 4217 of Title 11 or any other statute to the contrary notwithstanding, the first 6 months of the sentence shall not be suspended, but shall be served at Level V and shall not be subject to any early release, furlough or reduction of any kind. The sentencing court may suspend up to 18 months of any minimum sentence set forth in this paragraph provided, however, that any portion of a sentence suspended pursuant to this paragraph shall include participation in both a drug and alcohol abstinence program and a drug and alcohol treatment program as set forth in paragraph (d)(9) of this section.

(5) For a fifth offense occurring any time after 4 prior offenses, be guilty of a class E felony, be fined not more than $10,000 and imprisoned not less than 3 years nor more than 5 years.

(6) For a sixth offense occurring any time after 5 prior offenses, be guilty of a class D felony, be fined not more than $10,000 and imprisoned not less than 4 years nor more than 8 years.

(7) For a seventh offense occurring any time after 6 prior offenses, or for any subsequent offense, be guilty of a class C felony, be fined not more than $15,000 and imprisoned not less than 5 years nor greater than 15 years.

(8) For the fifth, sixth, seventh offense or greater, the provisions of § 4205(b) or § 4217 of Title 11 or any other statute to the contrary notwithstanding, at least 1/2 of any minimum sentence shall be served at Level V and shall not be subject to any early release, furlough or reduction of any kind. The sentencing court may suspend up to 1/2 of any minimum sentence set forth in this section provided, however, that any portion of a sentence suspended pursuant to this paragraph shall include participation in both a drug and alcohol abstinence program and a drug and alcohol treatment program as set forth in paragraph (d)(9) of this section. No conviction for a violation of this section, for which a sentence is imposed pursuant to this paragraph or paragraph (d)(3) or (d)(4) of this section, shall be considered a predicate felony for conviction or sentencing pursuant to § 4214 of Title 11. No offense for which sentencing pursuant to this paragraph or paragraph (d)(3) or (d)(4) of this section is applicable shall be considered an underlying felony for a murder in the first degree charge pursuant to § 636(a)(2) of Title 11.

(9) Any minimum sentence suspended pursuant to paragraph (d)(3), (d)(4), or (d)(8) of this section shall be upon the condition that the offender shall complete a program of supervision which shall include:

a. A drug and alcohol abstinence program requiring that the offender maintain a period of not less than 90 consecutive days of sobriety as measured by a transdermal continuous alcohol monitoring device. In addition to such device, the offender shall participate in periodic, random breath or urine analysis during the entire period of supervision.

b. An intensive inpatient or outpatient drug and alcohol treatment program for a period of not less than 3 months. Such treatment and counseling may be completed while an offender is serving a Level V or Level IV sentence.

c. Any other terms or provisions deemed appropriate by the sentencing court or the Department of Correction.

(10) In addition to the penalties otherwise authorized by this subsection, any person convicted of a violation of subsection (a) of this section, committed while a person who has not yet reached the person's seventeenth birthday is on or within the vehicle shall:

a. For the first offense, be fined an additional minimum of $500 and not more than an additional $1,500 and sentenced to perform a minimum of 40 hours of community service in a program benefiting children.

b. For each subsequent like offense, be fined an additional minimum of $750 and not more than an additional $2,500 and sentenced to perform a minimum of 80 hours of community service in a program benefiting children.

c. Violation of this paragraph shall be considered as an aggravating circumstance for sentencing purposes for a person convicted of a violation of subsection (a) of this section. Nothing in this paragraph shall prevent conviction for a violation of both subsection (a) of this section and any offense as defined elsewhere by the laws of this State.

d. Violation of or sentencing pursuant to this paragraph shall not be considered as evidence of either comparative or contributory negligence in any civil suit or insurance claim, nor shall a violation of or sentencing pursuant to this paragraph be admissible as evidence in the trial of any civil action.

(11) A person who has been convicted of prior or previous offenses of this section, as defined in § 4177B(e) of this title, need not be charged as a subsequent offender in the complaint, information or indictment against the person in order to render the person liable for the punishment imposed by this section on a person with prior or previous offenses under this section. However, if at any time after conviction and before sentence, it shall appear to the Attorney General or to the sentencing court that by reason of such conviction and prior or previous convictions, a person should be subjected to paragraph (d)(3), (d)(4), (d)(5), (d)(6) or (d)(7) of this section, the Attorney General shall file a motion to have the defendant sentenced pursuant to those provisions. If it shall appear to the satisfaction of the court at a hearing on the motion that the defendant falls within paragraph (d)(3), (d)(4), (d)(5), (d)(6) or (d)(7) of this section, the court shall enter an order declaring the offense for which the defendant is being sentenced to be a felony and shall impose a sentence accordingly.

(12) The Court of Common Pleas and Justice of the Peace Courts shall not have jurisdiction over offenses which must be sentenced pursuant to paragraph (d)(3), (d)(4), (d)(5), (d)(6), (d)(7), (d)(8) or (d)(9) of this section.

(13) [Effective until June 30, 2016] Section 5303 of Title 11 notwithstanding, where the Court of Common Pleas and Justice of the Peace Courts have concurrent jurisdiction over a violation of this section, either the State or the accused may elect within 20 days of arraignment in the Justice of the Peace Court to have the case tried by the Court of Common Pleas. If an offense or criminal case within the exclusive jurisdiction of a justice of the peace or alderman or mayor of any incorporated city of town, except the City of Newark, is or may be joined properly with a violation of this section which has been transferred upon the election of the State or the accused, such offense or criminal case shall be within the jurisdiction of the Court of Common Pleas.

(e) In addition to any penalty for a violation of subsection (a) of this section, the court shall, for any individual with an alcohol concentration of .15 or more or who refused a chemical test, prohibit the person convicted from operating any motor vehicle unless such motor vehicle is equipped with a functioning ignition interlock device; the terms of installation of the device and licensing of the individual to drive shall be as set forth in § 4177C of this title. A person who is prohibited from operating any motor vehicle unless such motor vehicle is equipped with a functioning ignition interlock device under this title at the time of an offense under subsection (a) of this section shall, in addition to any other penalties provided under law, pay a fine of $2,000 and be imprisoned for 60 days.

(f) In addition to any penalty for a violation of subsection (a) of this section, the court shall order the person to complete an alcohol evaluation and to complete a program of education or rehabilitation pursuant to § 4177D of this title which may include inpatient treatment and be followed by such other programs as established by the treatment facility, not to exceed a total of 15 months and to pay a fee not to exceed the maximum fine.

(g) For purposes of a conviction premised upon subsection (a) of this section, or any proceeding pursuant to this Code in which an issue is whether a person was driving a vehicle while under the influence, evidence establishing the presence and concentration of alcohol or drugs in the person's blood, breath or urine shall be relevant and admissible. Such evidence may include the results from tests of samples of the person's blood, breath or urine taken within 4 hours after the time of driving or at some later time. In any proceeding, the resulting alcohol or drug concentration reported when a test, as defined in paragraph (c)(3) of this section, is performed shall be deemed to be the actual alcohol or drug concentration in the person's blood, breath or urine without regard to any margin of error or tolerance factor inherent in such tests.

(1) Evidence obtained through a preliminary screening test of a person's breath in order to estimate the alcohol concentration of the person at the scene of a stop or other initial encounter between a law-enforcement officer and the person shall be admissible in any proceeding to determine whether probable cause existed to believe that a violation of this Code has occurred. However, such evidence may only be admissible in proceedings for the determination of guilt when evidence or argument by the defendant is admitted or made relating to the alcohol concentration of the person at the time of driving.

(2) Nothing in this section shall preclude conviction of an offense defined in this Code based solely on admissible evidence other than the results of a chemical test of a person's blood, breath or urine to determine the concentration or presence of alcohol or drugs.

(3) A jury shall be instructed by the court in accordance with the applicable provisions of this subsection in any proceeding pursuant to this Code in which an issue is whether a person was driving a vehicle while under the influence of alcohol or drugs or a combination of both.

(h)(1) For the purpose of introducing evidence of a person's alcohol concentration or the presence or concentration of any drug pursuant to this section, a report signed by the Forensic Toxicologist, Forensic Chemist or State Police Forensic Analytical Chemist who performed the test or tests as to its nature is prima facie evidence, without the necessity of the Forensic Toxicologist, Forensic Chemist or State Police Forensic Analytical Chemist personally appearing in court:

a. That the blood delivered was properly tested under procedures approved by the Division of Forensic Science , or the Delaware State Police Crime Laboratory;

b. That those procedures are legally reliable;

c. That the blood was delivered by the officer or persons stated in the report; and,

d. That the blood contained the alcohol, drugs or both therein stated.

(2) Any report introduced under paragraph (h)(1) of this section must:

a. Identify the Forensic Toxicologist, Forensic Chemist or State Police Forensic Analytical Chemist as an individual certified by the Division of Forensic Science, the Delaware State Police Crime Laboratory or any county or municipal police department employing scientific analysis of blood, as qualified under standards approved by the Division of Forensic Science, or the Delaware State Police Crime Laboratory to analyze the blood;

b. State that the person made an analysis of the blood under the procedures approved by the Division of Forensic Science or the Delaware State Police Crime Laboratory; and,

c. State that the blood, in that person's opinion, contains the resulting alcohol concentration or the presence or concentration of any drug within the meaning of this section.

Nothing in this subsection precludes the right of any party to introduce any evidence supporting or contradicting the evidence contained in the report entered pursuant to paragraphs (h)(1) and (2) of this section.

(3) For purposes of establishing the chain of physical custody or control of evidence defined in this section which is necessary to admit such evidence in any proceeding, a statement signed by each successive person in the chain of custody that the person delivered it to the other person indicated on or about the date stated is prima facie evidence that the person had custody and made the delivery stated, without the necessity of a personal appearance in court by the person signing the statement, in accordance with the same procedures outlined in § 4331(3) of Title 10.

(4) In a criminal proceeding, the prosecution shall, upon written demand of a defendant filed in the proceedings at least 15 days prior to the trial, require the presence of the Forensic Toxicologist, Forensic Chemist, State Police Forensic Analytical Chemist, or any person necessary to establish the chain of custody as a witness in the proceeding. The chain of custody or control of evidence defined in this section is established when there is evidence sufficient to eliminate any reasonable probability that such evidence has been tampered with, altered or misidentified.

(i) In addition to any other powers of arrest, any law-enforcement officer is hereby authorized to arrest without a warrant any person who the officer has probable cause to believe has violated the provisions of this section, regardless of whether the alleged violation was committed in the presence of such officer. This authority to arrest extends to any hospital or other medical treatment facility located beyond the territorial limits of the officer's jurisdiction provided there is probable cause to believe that the violation of this section occurred within the officer's jurisdiction. This authority to arrest also extends to any place where the person is found within 4 hours of the alleged driving of a vehicle if there is reason to believe the person has fled the scene of an accident in which that person was involved, and provided there is probable cause to believe that the violation of this section occurred within the officer's jurisdiction.

(j) Any court in which a conviction of or guilty plea to a driving under the influence offense shall include the blood alcohol concentration of the defendant (if any is on record) when forwarding notice of said conviction or guilty plea to the Division of Motor Vehicles.

21 Del. C. 1953, § 4176; 54 Del. Laws, c. 160, § 1; 57 Del. Laws, c. 71, §§ 1-3; 57 Del. Laws, c. 526, §§ 1, 2; 57 Del. Laws, c. 613, § 1; 57 Del. Laws, c. 670, § 13B; 58 Del. Laws, c. 80, § 3; 59 Del. Laws, c. 46, §§ 1, 2; 60 Del. Laws, c. 701, §§ 48, 49; 60 Del. Laws, c. 702, § 2; 61 Del. Laws, c. 474, § 2; 64 Del. Laws, c. 13, § 13; 67 Del. Laws, c. 437, §§ 1, 2; 68 Del. Laws, c. 9, § 32; 68 Del. Laws, c. 125, § 1; 69 Del. Laws, c. 325, §§ 2, 3; 70 Del. Laws, c. 26, §§ 1-8; 70 Del. Laws, c. 34, § 1; 70 Del. Laws, c. 62, §§ 1-8; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1; 70 Del. Laws, c. 265, § 2; 70 Del. Laws, c. 474, § 1; 70 Del. Laws, c. 553, § 2; 71 Del. Laws, c. 209, §§ 1, 2; 71 Del. Laws, c. 222, §§ 2, 3; 72 Del. Laws, c. 36, §§ 1-3, 5, 6; 73 Del. Laws, c. 352, §§ 1, 11; 73 Del. Laws, c. 432, § 4; 74 Del. Laws, c. 182, §§ 1-3; 74 Del. Laws, c. 285, § 4; 74 Del. Laws, c. 333, §§ 1, 2; 75 Del. Laws, c. 315, §§ 1-5; 75 Del. Laws, c. 397, § 15; 77 Del. Laws, c. 162, §§ 1-6; 78 Del. Laws, c. 167, §§ 1-18; 78 Del. Laws, c. 349, § 1; 79 Del. Laws, c. 265, § 16.;

(a) The Secretary shall forthwith revoke the driver's license and/or driving privileges of any person convicted of a violation of § 4177 of this title or any offense under the laws of any state or of the United States or local jurisdiction or the District of Columbia which prohibits driving under the influence of drugs. Such revocation shall be for a period of:

(1) First offense. — 12 months; except that if the offender's blood alcohol concentration was between .15-.19 the revocation period shall be 18 months, or if the offender's blood alcohol concentration was .20 or greater or the offender refused a chemical test, the period of revocation shall be 24 months.

(2) Second offense. — 18 months; except that if the offender's blood alcohol concentration was between .15-.19 the revocation period shall be 24 months, or if the offender's blood alcohol concentration was .20 or greater, or the offender has refused a chemical test, the revocation period shall be 30 months.

(3) Third offense. — 24 months; except that if the offender's blood alcohol concentration was between .15-.19 the revocation period shall be 30 months, or if the offender's blood alcohol concentration was .20 or greater, or the offender has refused a chemical test, revocation period shall be 36 months.

(4) Fourth or further subsequent offenses. — 60 months regardless of the blood alcohol concentration.

(b) Any person sentenced under § 4177(d) of this title shall have the person's driver's license and/or driving privileges revoked by the Secretary until the person has satisfactorily completed a program established pursuant to § 4177D of this title.

(c) The Secretary shall have power and authority to refuse to issue a driver's license to any individual whose driver's license or driving privilege was revoked pursuant to this section until such person has satisfied the Secretary that the person has been of good behavior for the entire period of the revocation and until the person has complied with all applicable provisions of this section. If the Secretary refuses to issue a driver's license after the period of revocation has ended and after all fines and/or fees are paid, the applicant may appeal to the Superior Court of the county of residence.

61 Del. Laws, c. 474, § 2; 63 Del. Laws, c. 430, §§ 13, 14; 64 Del. Laws, c. 13, §§ 14, 15; 69 Del. Laws, c. 125, § 2; 69 Del. Laws, c. 190, § 1; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1; 73 Del. Laws, c. 352, § 2; 73 Del. Laws, c. 432, § 1; 75 Del. Laws, c. 397, §§ 1-3, 16-18; 78 Del. Laws, c. 167, § 20.;

(a) Any person who:

(1) Has never had a previous or prior conviction or offense as defined in paragraph (e)(1) of this section;

(2) Had not accumulated 3 or more moving violations within 2 years of the date of the offense in question on the person's driving record according to the records of the Division of Motor Vehicles of the person's state of residence; and

(3) Was not, with respect to the offense in question, involved in an accident resulting in injury to any person other than the person's own self; and

(4) Did not have an alleged alcohol concentration of .15 or more at the time of driving or within 4 hours of driving;

(5) Was not driving without a valid license or under a suspended or revoked license at the time of the offense in question; and

(6) Is not subject to the enhanced penalties of § 4177(d)(10) of this title for carrying a child on or within that person's vehicle while driving under the influence;

may qualify for the first offense election at the time of arraignment. The court, without entering a judgment of guilt and with the consent of the accused, may defer further proceedings and shall place the accused on probation upon terms and conditions, including enrollment in a course of instruction or program of rehabilitation established pursuant to § 4177D of this title. If the accused elects to apply, the application shall constitute a waiver of the right to speedy trial. If the person elects not to apply, or if is not accepted, the person shall promptly be arraigned for a violation of § 4177 of this title. If a person applies for or accepts the first offense election under this section, such act shall constitute agreement to pay the costs of prosecution for the case, and the court shall assess such costs and impose them as a condition of probation. If a person accepts the first offense election under this section, such action shall constitute a waiver of the right to an administrative hearing as provided for in § 2742 of this title and shall act to withdraw any request previously made therefor. If a person accepts the first offense election under this section, and the person has taken a chemical test pursuant to § 2741 of this title, such person may also elect at that time to participate in the First Offense Election — Ignition Interlock Device Diversion described in subsection (g) of this section. For the purposes of this section, costs of prosecution shall be $250 and any additional costs as established by the appropriate court schedules; and

(b) If a term or condition of probation is violated, including failure to appear for evaluation at an assigned evaluating agency, the person shall be brought before the court, or if the person fails to appear before the court, in either case, upon a determination by the court that the terms have been violated, the court shall enter an adjudication of guilt and proceed as otherwise provided under § 4177 of this title.

(c) Upon fulfillment of the terms and conditions of probation, including satisfactory completion of the course of instruction and/or program of rehabilitation, and payment of all fees, the court shall discharge the person and the proceedings against the person and shall simultaneously with said discharge and dismissal submit to the Division of Motor Vehicles a written report specifying the name of the person and the nature of the proceedings against the person which report shall be retained by the Division of Motor Vehicles for further proceedings, if required.

(d) The driver's license and/or driving privileges of a person applying for enrollment in an education or rehabilitation program pursuant to subsection (a) of this section shall forthwith be revoked by the Secretary for a period of 1 year. If the person is accepted into the education or rehabilitation program the period of revocation shall be for 1 year from the date of the initial revocation. If the person is not accepted for enrollment, or if the person is found by the court to be in violation of the terms of enrollment, the revocation under this section shall continue until sentence is imposed. This revocation shall not be concurrent with or part of any period of revocation established under any other provisions of this subchapter and shall be effective as of the date of sentencing for a period of 1 year.

(e)(1) Prior or previous conviction or offense. — For purposes of §§ 2742 and 4177 of this title and this section the provisions of § 4215A of Title 11 shall not be applicable but instead the following shall constitute a prior or previous conviction or offense:

a. A conviction or other adjudication of guilt or delinquency pursuant to § 4175(b) or § 4177 of this title, or a similar statute of any state or local jurisdiction, any federal or military reservation or the District of Columbia;

b. A conviction or other adjudication of guilt or delinquency under a criminal statute encompassing death or injury caused to another person by the person's driving where driving under the influence or with a prohibited alcohol concentration was an element of the offense, whether such conviction was pursuant to a provision of this Code or the law of any state, local jurisdiction, any federal or military reservation or the District of Columbia;

c. Participation in a course of instruction or program of rehabilitation or education pursuant to § 4175(b) of this title, § 4177 of this title or this section, or a similar statute of any state, local jurisdiction, any federal or military reservation or the District of Columbia, regardless of the existence or validity of any accompanying attendant plea or adjudication of guilt;

d. A conditional adjudication of guilt, any court order, or any agreement sanctioned by a court requiring or permitting a person to apply for, enroll in or otherwise accept first offender treatment or any other diversionary program under this section or a similar statute of any state, local jurisdiction, any federal or military reservation or the District of Columbia.

(2) Time limitations. — For the purpose of determining the applicability of enhanced penalties pursuant to § 4177 of this title, the time limitations on use of prior or previous convictions or offenses as defined by this subsection shall be:

a. For sentencing pursuant to § 4177(d)(2) of this title, the second offense must have occurred within 10 years of a prior offense;

b. For sentencing pursuant to § 4177(d)(3), (d)(4), (d)(5), (d)(6), (d)(7), (d)(8) or (d)(9) of this title there shall be no time limitation and all prior or previous convictions or offenses as defined in paragraph (e)(1) of this section shall be considered for sentencing.

c. For any subsection that does not have a time limitation prescribed, all prior or previous convictions or offenses as defined in paragraph (e)(1) of this section shall be considered.

(3) Computation of time limitations. — For the purpose of computing the periods of time set out in § 2742 of this title, § 4177 of this title or this section, the period shall run from the date of the commission of the prior or previous offense to the date of the commission of the charged offense. However, in any case in which the prior offense is defined in paragraph (e)(1)c. or d. of this section, the date of the driving incident which caused the adjudication or program participation shall be the date of the prior or previous offense.

(4) Separate and distinct offenses. — For the purpose of determining the applicability of enhanced penalties pursuant to § 4177 of this title, prior or previous convictions or offenses used to determine eligibility for such enhanced penalties must be separate and distinct offenses; that is, each must be successive to the other with some period of time having elapsed between sentencing or adjudication for an earlier offense or conviction and the commission of the offense resulting in a subsequent conviction.

(5) Challenges to use of prior offenses. — In any proceeding under § 2742 of this title, § 4177 of this title or this section, a person may not challenge the validity of any prior or previous conviction, unless that person first successfully challenges the prior or previous conviction in the court in which the conviction arose and provides written notice of the specific nature of the challenge in the present proceeding to the prosecution at least 20 days before trial.

(f) The Attorney General may move the sentencing court to apply this section to any person who would otherwise be disqualified from consideration under this section because of the applicability of:

(1) Paragraph (a)(1) of this section, if any prior offense as defined in subsection (e) of this section is not within 10 years of the offense for which the person is being sentenced; or

(2) Paragraphs (a)(2), (a)(3), (a)(5) and (a)(6) of this section.

(3) Paragraph (a)(4) of this section. — However, if a person has a blood alcohol concentration of .15 or greater, § 4177C(c) of this title shall apply. A person with a blood alcohol concentration of .15 or greater shall not be permitted to participate in the FOE-IID program pursuant to subsection (g) of this section.

In the event of such a motion by the Attorney General, the court may in its discretion apply the terms of this section to that person.

(g) First Offense Election — Ignition Interlock Device Diversion. — If a person accepts the first offense election under this section, such person may also elect at that time to participate in the First Offense Election — Ignition Interlock Device (FOE-IID) Diversion as part of that person's probation. If a person elects to participate in the FOE-IID Diversion, such act shall constitute an agreement to all terms and conditions contained in the Ignition Interlock Device Program set forth in § 4177F of this title and the participant shall waive the right to an administrative hearing as provided for in § 2742 of this title or shall withdraw any request previously made therefor. Failure to comply with any part of this section or § 4177F of this title shall be considered a violation of the participant's probation for the purposes of subsection (b) of this section.

61 Del. Laws, c. 474, § 2; 63 Del. Laws, c. 430, § 15; 64 Del. Laws, c. 13, § 16; 69 Del. Laws, c. 134, § 1; 70 Del. Laws, c. 26, §§ 9, 10; 70 Del. Laws, c. 34, §§ 2, 3; 70 Del. Laws, c. 62, §§ 9, 10; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1; 71 Del. Laws, c. 209, §§ 3-5; 72 Del. Laws, c. 92, §§ 1, 2; 74 Del. Laws, c. 182, § 4; 74 Del. Laws, c. 333, § 3; 74 Del. Laws, c. 345, § 8; 75 Del. Laws, c. 397, § 4; 77 Del. Laws, c. 160, §§ 1, 2; 77 Del. Laws, c. 162, § 7; 78 Del. Laws, c. 167, §§ 21-27.;

(a) Any person who, as a first offender, is enrolled in a course of instruction and/or program of rehabilitation pursuant to § 4177B of this title shall be permitted to apply for a conditional license under the following terms:

(1) Satisfactory completion of at least 16 hours of instruction and/or rehabilitation;

(2) Payment of all fees under the schedule adopted by the Secretary;

(3) Three months have elapsed since the effective date of revocation.

(b) Any person who, as a first offender is enrolled in a course of instruction or program of rehabilitation pursuant to §§ 4177B(g) and 4177D of this title shall be permitted to apply for an ignition interlock license under the following terms:

(1) At least 1 month has elapsed since the effective date of the revocation.

(2) All licenses have been surrendered to the Division of Motor Vehicles prior to issuance of the IID [ignition interlock device] license.

(c) Any person who, as a first offender with a blood alcohol concentration of .15 or greater or a first offender who refused a chemical test, has been permitted to participate in the first offender's election pursuant to § 4177B of this title, and is enrolled in a course of instruction and/or program of rehabilitation pursuant to § 4177D of this title shall have an ignition interlock device installed on a minimum of 1 vehicle registered in that person's name or may have the device installed on a vehicle owned by another person if there are no vehicles registered in the name of the offender, immediately following the effective date of revocation. The ignition interlock device shall remain installed on the vehicle for a period of 6 months from the effective date of revocation. That offender may be eligible to apply for an ignition interlock device license under the following terms:

(1) At least 45 days has elapsed since the effective date of the revocation.

(2) All licenses have been surrendered to the Division of Motor Vehicles prior to issuance of the IID (Ignition Interlock Device) license.

(d) Any person who, as a first offender is sentenced pursuant to § 4177(d) of this title, and whose blood alcohol concentration is .15 or greater or has refused a chemical test, and is enrolled in a course of instruction and/or program of rehabilitation pursuant to § 4177D of this title shall be eligible to apply for the ignition interlock device installed on a minimum of 1 vehicle registered in that person's name or may have the device installed on a vehicle owned by another person if there are no vehicles registered in the name of the offender, immediately following the effective date of revocation. That offender may be eligible to apply for an IID license under the following terms:

(1) At least 45 days has elapsed since the effective date of the revocation.

(2) All licenses have been surrendered to the Division of Motor Vehicles prior to issuance of the IID license.

(3) For a person sentenced under this section, the IID license issued shall limit conditional driving privileges to driving to and from work, school, alcohol treatment programs, and the interlock service provider.

(e) Any person who, as a second or subsequent offender or who has refused a chemical test, is sentenced pursuant to § 4177(d) of this title, shall 12 months from the effective date of the revocation, have the ignition interlock device installed on all vehicle or vehicles registered in that person's name or may have the device installed on a vehicle owned by another person if there are no vehicles registered in the name of the offender. That offender may be eligible to apply for an IID license under the following terms;

(1) Satisfactory completion of a course of instruction and/or program of rehabilitation pursuant to § 4177D of this title.

(2) At least 12 months have elapsed since the effective date of the revocation.

(3) All licenses have been surrendered to the Division of Motor Vehicles prior to issuance of the IID license.

(f) Notwithstanding §§ 4177A and 4177B of this title, any person who has satisfactorily completed a course and/or program established pursuant to § 4177D of this title, shall be permitted to apply for reinstatement of their driver's license and/or driving privilege under the following terms:

(1) Payment of all fees under the schedule adopted by the Secretary;

(2) For a person who elected to enroll in a course of instruction or program of rehabilitation pursuant to § 4177B of this title, at least 6 months have elapsed since the effective date of the revocation.

(3) For a person sentenced for a first offense pursuant to § 4177 of this title, whose blood alcohol concentration was below .15, at least 12 months have elapsed since the effective date of the revocation.

(4) For a person sentenced for a first offense pursuant to § 4177 of this title, whose blood alcohol concentration was .15 to .19, at least 17 months have elapsed since the day the ignition interlock device was installed on the vehicle or vehicles and the ignition interlock license was issued.

(5) For a person sentenced for a first offense pursuant to § 4177 of this title, whose blood alcohol concentration was .20 or greater, at least 23 months have elapsed since the day the ignition interlock device was installed on the vehicle or vehicles and the ignition interlock license was issued.

(6) For a person sentenced for a second offense pursuant to § 4177 of this title, at least 6 months have elapsed since the day the ignition interlock device was installed on the vehicle or vehicles and the ignition interlock license was issued.

(7) For a person sentenced for a second offense pursuant to § 4177 of this title, whose blood alcohol concentration was .15 to .19, at least 12 months have elapsed since the day the ignition interlock device was installed on the vehicle or vehicles and the ignition interlock license was issued.

(8) For a person sentenced for a second offense pursuant to § 4177 of this title, whose blood alcohol concentration was .20 or greater, at least 18 months have elapsed since the day the ignition interlock device was installed on the vehicle or vehicles and the ignition interlock license was issued.

(9) For a person sentenced for a third offense pursuant to § 4177 of this title, at least 12 months have elapsed since the day the ignition interlock device was installed on the vehicle or vehicles and the ignition interlock license was issued.

(10) For a person sentenced for a third offense pursuant to § 4177 of this title, whose blood alcohol concentration was .15 or greater, at least 18 months have elapsed since the day the ignition interlock device was installed on the vehicle or vehicles and the ignition interlock license was issued.

(11) For a person sentenced for a third offense pursuant to § 4177 of this title, whose blood alcohol concentration was .20 or greater, at least 24 months have elapsed since the day the ignition interlock was installed on the vehicle or vehicles and the ignition interlock license was issued.

(12) For a person sentenced for a fourth or further subsequent offense pursuant to § 4177 of this title, at least 48 months have elapsed since the day the ignition interlock device was installed on the vehicle or vehicles and the ignition interlock license was issued.

(g) Notwithstanding § 4177 of this title, any person subject to a period of voluntary revocation pursuant to § 4177F(f)(1) of this title who has satisfactorily completed a course and/or program established pursuant to § 4177D of this title, shall be permitted to apply for a driver's license under the following terms:

(1) Payment of all fees under the schedule adopted by the Secretary;

(2) At least 5 months have elapsed since the day an IID was installed on the person's motor vehicle.

(h) Notwithstanding any other provision to the contrary, any person whose alcohol concentration is less than .08 (1) who is convicted of a first offense pursuant to § 4177 of this title, (2) who makes a first offense election pursuant to § 4177B of this title, or (3) whose license is revoked for a first offense pursuant to Chapter 27 of this title, where it is not established that the person was under the influence of any other intoxicating substance, shall be granted a conditional license immediately upon application, and shall not be required to complete a course of instruction established under § 4177D of this title. Nothing in this subsection shall be read to imply that an individual with an alcohol concentration of less than .08 is under the influence of alcohol.

61 Del. Laws, c. 474, § 2; 63 Del. Laws, c. 430, §§ 16, 17; 64 Del. Laws, c. 13, §§ 17, 18; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1; 72 Del. Laws, c. 92, § 4; 73 Del. Laws, c. 352, §§ 3-5; 74 Del. Laws, c. 333, § 6; 75 Del. Laws, c. 397, §§ 5, 6; 77 Del. Laws, c. 160, §§ 3-6; 78 Del. Laws, c. 167, § 28.;

The Secretary of Safety and Homeland Security, through the Office of Highway Safety shall establish courses of instruction and programs of rehabilitation for persons whose drivers' licenses have been revoked for operating a vehicle while under the influence of intoxicating liquor or drugs. The Secretary of Safety and Homeland Security shall administer such courses and programs and adopt rules and regulations therefor, and shall establish a schedule of fees for enrollment in such courses and programs which shall not exceed the maximum fine imposed for the offense as set forth in § 4177 of this title.

61 Del. Laws, c. 474, § 2; 63 Del. Laws, c. 430, § 18; 64 Del. Laws, c. 13, § 19; 74 Del. Laws, c. 110, § 87.;

(a) In the event of a revocation of a driver's license pursuant to § 4177B of this title, the Department may issue a conditional license during the period of revocation upon application by the applicant upon a form prescribed by the Department and sworn to by the applicant, provided that the applicant sets forth in said application that the revocation of such license has created an extreme hardship, that no prior conditional license has been issued within the preceding 12 months, that there have been no other such prior revocations, and if all other requirements contained in § 4177C of this title have been satisfactorily complied with.

(b) The Department, upon receiving a record of conviction of any person upon a charge of operating a motor vehicle in violation of the conditions imposed upon said conditional license during the period of such conditional license, shall immediately extend the period of such revocation for an additional like period and shall forthwith direct such person to surrender said conditional license to the Department.

(c) Any person whose driver's license has been revoked and to whom a conditional license has been issued, under this chapter, and who drives any motor vehicle upon the highways of this State contrary to the conditions placed upon such conditional license during the period of such conditional license shall be guilty of an unclassified misdemeanor, and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than $28.75 or more than $230.

63 Del. Laws, c. 56, § 1; 68 Del. Laws, c. 9, § 33; 70 Del. Laws, c. 553, § 3; 77 Del. Laws, c. 60, § 14.;

(a) Application. — The Division of Motor Vehicles may offer, on a voluntary basis, participation in the Ignition Interlock Device Program under this section to eligible persons who submit a written application on the forms designated by the Division.

(b) Definitions. — For the purpose of this section:

(1) "Ignition interlock device" (IID) or "approved device" shall mean ignition equipment approved by the Director of the Division of Motor Vehicles pursuant to this section, designed to prevent a motor vehicle from being operated by a person who has consumed alcoholic beverages.

(2) "Lockout" means any time a participant attempts to use a motor vehicle equipped with an IID and any percentage of alcoholic beverages is measured on said device.

(3) "Offender" means a person whose license or driving privileges have been revoked for violating § 4177 of this title. Notwithstanding any contrary provision of law, a person who elects to apply and is accepted for probation under § 4177B of this title shall be an "offender" convicted of an "offense" for the purposes of this section.

(4) "Participant" means an offender who is eligible to and does participate in the Ignition Interlock Program pursuant to this section.

(5) "Service provider" means a legal entity which the Director of the Division of Motor Vehicles finds complies with the requirements of this section and approves to install IIDs on participants' motor vehicles.

(c) IID Standards. — The Division of Motor Vehicles shall establish the required calibration settings and shall provide standards for the certification, installation, setting, repair and removal of the IIDs.

(d) Eligibility. — An offender who has taken a chemical test required pursuant to § 2741 of this title and has accepted the first offense election pursuant to § 4177B of this title, or who has no prior offense who refuses a chemical test required pursuant to § 2741 of this title, shall be eligible to receive an IID pursuant to this section if the offender meets the following conditions:

(1) The offender must have had a Delaware driver's license at the time of the offense in question;

(2) Following revocation, the offender must complete an alcohol evaluation, provide proof of enrollment in a course of instruction and/or program of rehabilitation and pay all associated fees;

(3) The offense in question may not involve death or serious physical injury to any person;

(4) The offender's driving privileges or license must not be currently suspended, revoked, denied or unavailable for any other violations of the law of any jurisdiction;

(5) The offender's driving privileges or license must not be revoked pursuant to § 1009 of Title 10 or a like provision of another jurisdiction;

(6) The offender must either own the motor vehicle to be installed with the IID or file the notarized approval of installation by the motor vehicle owner with the Division of Motor Vehicles;

(7) The offender must not have participated in an IID program within the immediate past 5 years or a like program in any other jurisdictions;

(8) The offender must provide proof of insurance for the vehicle on which the IID will be installed. The proof of insurance must verify that the offender is permitted to drive the specific motor vehicle in question regardless of ownership of the vehicle;

(9) The court, whether upon a motion by the Attorney General or otherwise, shall not have designated the offender ineligible to be a participant; and

(10) The offender shall meet any other eligibility criteria established by regulations of the Division of Motor Vehicles.

(e) Installment payment of costs; indigent program. — The Division of Motor Vehicles shall establish a payment plan for participants. The plan shall be administered by the service provider and the participant shall make all payments under the plan to the service provider. The initial payment shall include the installation cost and 2 months' lease for a minimum charge and a minimum down payment of $180. The participant shall thereafter make payments every 2 months for the lease of the equipment in the amount of $110 until the balance is paid. The Division may increase the minimum amount by regulation. Any taxes due shall be payable in addition to minimum amounts at the time of each payment.

The Division shall further develop and implement an indigent plan for impoverished persons, which shall be available on a lottery basis. For every 20 devices installed at regular prices, at least 1 device shall be provided at approximately half price under this program.

(f) Program duration; suspension of sentence. — A participant's license revocation imposed by law shall automatically be suspended upon the participant's entry into the IID Program and shall be suspended for the duration thereof. By entering the program, the participant consents, among the other conditions of the program, to a voluntary period of license revocation, to wit:

(1) If the revocation period suspended is 12 months, and the participant has elected the FOE-IID Diversion pursuant to § 4177B(g) of this title, the participant's voluntary revocation period is 12 months and the participant may receive an IID license after 1 month.

(2) If the revocation period suspended is 12 months, and the participant has no prior offense but has refused a chemical test required pursuant to § 2741 of this title, the participant's voluntary revocation period is 14 months, and the participant may receive an IID license after 2 months.

(3), (4) [Deleted.]

The participant shall receive credit towards the voluntary revocation period for the revocation time served prior to entry into the IID program.

(g) IID license; driving record. — An offender's driving record maintained by the Division of Motor Vehicles shall indicate any voluntary revocation period to be served under the IID program. The Division of Motor Vehicles shall issue an IID license to an otherwise eligible participant. Each of the IID license, the registration of the vehicle on which the IID is installed and the participant's driving record maintained by the Division of Motor Vehicles shall indicate that the participant shall not operate any motor vehicle except when equipped with an Ignition Interlock Device.

(h) Conditions of participation.

(1) A participant shall be disqualified from further participation in the IID Program for failure to comply with any of the following:

a. The participant shall abide by the terms of the offender's lease with the service provider as approved by the Division of Motor Vehicles;

b. The participant shall be driven to the service provider by a licensed driver for installation of the IID;

c. The participant shall comply with Division of Motor Vehicles regulations concerning IID license restrictions;

d. The participant shall not attempt, nor allow or cause an attempt to bypass, tamper with, disable or remove the IID or its wires in connection;

e. The participant offender shall not attempt to operate a motor vehicle without possessing registration and an IID license which complies with subsection (g) of this section;

f. The participant shall not violate any section of this title relating to the use, possession or consumption of alcohol or intoxicating substances;

g. The participant shall not fail to pay any and all fines whatsoever assessed during participation in the program pursuant to this title;

h. The participant shall accumulate no more than 5 points per year;

i. The offender shall continue to meet all eligibility criteria identified in subsection (d) of this section, and specifically, shall successfully complete the course of instruction and/or program of rehabilitation referred to in paragraph (d)(2) of this section;

j. The participant shall provide satisfactory proof to the Division of Motor Vehicles that an approved IID has been installed; and

k. The participant shall comply with any participation regulations implemented by the Division of Motor Vehicles pursuant to this paragraph.

(2) A participant may be disqualified from further participation in the IID Program for failure to comply with any of the following:

a. The participant shall not fail or refuse to take random tests at such times and by such means as the Division of Motor Vehicles requires;

b. The participant shall keep scheduled monitoring appointments with the Division and the service provider; and

c. The participant shall be required to report to the service provider on a bi-monthly basis for service of the approved IID.

(i) Disqualification. — The Secretary of the Department of Transportation, upon 10 days prior notice by certified mail, may disqualify a participant at any time upon a determination by the Secretary that the participant has failed to comply with any of the requirements of subsection (h) of this section. Upon disqualification, the ignition interlock device must remain on the vehicle or vehicles for the balance of the period required based on the revocation and reinstatement requirements as specified in § 4177C of this title; however, no driving authority will be granted during this remaining period. The participant will be responsible for all fees for the device during this period.

(j) Discharge. — At the time a participant completes the duration of the IID program without disqualification by the Secretary, the revocation suspended at the time the participant entered the IID program shall automatically be discharged.

67 Del. Laws, c. 437, § 4; 68 Del. Laws, c. 125, §§ 2-5; 70 Del. Laws, c. 553, § 1; 72 Del. Laws, c. 92, §§ 5-12, 14; 73 Del. Laws, c. 352, §§ 6-8; 74 Del. Laws, c. 110, § 88; 75 Del. Laws, c. 397, §§ 7, 11.;

(a) Participation. — All persons convicted of a subsequent offense must participate in the Subsequent Offense Ignition Interlock Device Program.

(b) Definitions. — For the purpose of this section:

(1) "Ignition interlock device" (IID) or "approved device" shall mean ignition equipment approved by the Director of the Division of Motor Vehicles pursuant to this section, designed to prevent a motor vehicle from being operated by a person who has consumed alcoholic beverages.

(2) "Lockout" means any time a subsequent offender attempts to use a motor vehicle equipped with an IID and any percentage of alcoholic beverages is measured on said device.

(3) "Service provider" means a legal entity which the Director of the Division of Motor Vehicles finds complies with the requirements of this section and approves to install IIDs on participants' motor vehicles.

(4) "Subsequent offender" means a person convicted of a second, third, fourth or greater offense pursuant to § 4177 of this title.

(5) "Subsequent offense" means a conviction for a second, third, fourth or greater offense pursuant to § 4177 of this title.

(c) IID Standards. — The Division of Motor Vehicles shall establish the required calibration setting and shall provide standards for the certification, installation, setting, repair and removal of the IIDs.

(d) Requirements.

(1) A person convicted of a subsequent offense shall, 12 months from the effective date of revocation of that person's driver's license, install an ignition interlock device in all motor vehicles registered in the name of that person for the remainder of the revocation time period as provided in § 4177A(a) of this title. If at any time after the 12 months have elapsed but before the end of the revocation period, the person registers a motor vehicle(s) in the person's name, that person shall immediately install an ignition interlock device in such vehicle(s).

(2) A person covered under paragraph (d)(1) of this section must have the ignition interlock device installed in all motor vehicles in that person's name for the required minimum periods as specified in § 4177C(f) of this title prior to the reinstatement of that person's driver's license.

(e) Installment payment of costs; indigent program. — The Division of Motor Vehicles shall establish a payment plan for all persons obtaining an IID under this section. The plan shall be administered by the service provider(s) and the person obtaining the IID shall make all payments under the plan to the service providers(s). The initial payment shall include the installation cost and 2 months' lease for a minimum charge and a minimum down payment of $180. The person obtaining an IID shall thereafter make payments every 2 months for the lease of the equipment in the amount of $110 until the balance is paid. The Division may increase the minimum amount by regulation. Any taxes due shall be payable in addition to minimum amounts at the time of each payment. The Division shall further develop and implement an indigent plan for impoverished persons, which shall be available on a lottery basis. For every 20 devices installed at regular prices, at least 1 device shall be provided at approximately half price under this program.

(f) Subsequent offender IID license.

(1) All persons convicted of a subsequent offense shall, 12 months from the effective date of the revocation of their driver's license, be eligible for a subsequent offender IID license if the following conditions are met:

a. The subsequent offender must have had a Delaware driver's license at the time of the offense that caused the revocation;

b. The subsequent offender has had an IID placed on all vehicles registered in that person's name pursuant to subsection (d) of this section;

c. The subsequent offender must have completed an alcohol evaluation and enrolled in a course of instruction and/or a program of rehabilitation and paid all associated fees;

d. The subsequent offender's driving privileges or license must not be currently suspended, revoked, denied or unavailable for any other violations of the law of any jurisdiction that would prohibit the issuance of the IID, unless it is determined by the Secretary of Transportation or the Secretary's designee that the individual is eligible for reinstatement;

e. The subsequent offender's driving privilege or license must not be revoked pursuant to § 1009 of Title 10 or a like provision of another jurisdiction;

f. The subsequent offender must install an IID in all motor vehicles that person will operate;

g. The subsequent offender must either own the motor vehicle in which the IID is to be installed or file the notarized approval of installation by the motor vehicle owner with the Division of Motor Vehicles;

h. The subsequent offender must provide proof of insurance for the vehicle on which the IID will or has been installed. The proof of insurance must verify that the offender is permitted to drive the specific motor vehicle in question regardless of ownership of the vehicle;

i. The court, whether upon a motion by the Attorney General or otherwise, shall not have designated the subsequent offender ineligible to have a subsequent offender IID license; and

j. The subsequent offender shall meet any other eligibility criteria established by regulations of the Division of Motor Vehicles.

(2) A subsequent offender shall lose the privilege of having a subsequent offender IID license for failure to comply with any of the following:

a. The subsequent offender shall abide by the terms of the subsequent offender's lease with the service provider as approved by the Division of Motor Vehicles;

b. The subsequent offender shall comply with the Division of Motor Vehicles regulations concerning subsequent offender IID license restrictions;

c. The subsequent offender shall not attempt, nor allow or cause an attempt to bypass, tamper with, disable or remove the IID or its wires in connection;

d. The subsequent offender shall not attempt to operate a motor vehicle without possessing registration and a subsequent offender IID license which complies with subsection (f) of this section;

e. The subsequent offender shall not violate any section of this title relating to the use, possession or consumption of alcohol or intoxicating substances;

f. The subsequent offender shall accumulate no more than 5 points per year;

g. The subsequent offender shall continue to meet all eligibility criteria identified in paragraph (f)(1) of this section;

h. The subsequent offender shall provide proof to the Division of Motor Vehicles that an approved IID has been installed;

i. The subsequent offender shall not fail or refuse to take random tests at such times and by such means as the Division of Motor Vehicle requires;

j. The subsequent offender shall keep scheduled appointments with the Division and the service provider; and

k. The subsequent offender shall be required to report to the service provider on a bimonthly basis for service of the approved IID.

(3) Extension of program participation. — The Secretary of the Department of Transportation or the Secretary's designee shall extend the participant's revocation period and/or participating requirement in the IID program upon a determination by the Secretary or the Secretary's designee that the participant has failed to comply with the requirements of subsection (d) of this section for the following actions:

a. Each BAC reading of .05 or above;

b. Running retest violation;

c. Each missed monitoring appointment;

d. Start up violation; IE lock-out failure;

e. Tampering with or bypassing the interlock system;

f. Intentional circumvention of the interlock system or program requirements; or

g. Any other noncompliance of program requirements specified in paragraph (f)(2) of this section as deemed by the Secretary or the Secretary's designee.

A 2-month extension shall be required for any combination of 3 of the above actions. A 4-month extension shall be required for any combination of 5 of the above actions. A 6-month extension shall be required for any combination of 8 of the above actions. An additional 1 month shall be required for each action listed greater than 8.

(4) Disqualification. — The Secretary of the Department of Transportation, or the Secretary's designee upon 10 days prior notice by certified mail, may disqualify a participant at any time upon a determination by the Secretary that the participant has failed to comply with any of the requirements of paragraph (f)(3)g. of this section. Upon disqualification, the ignition interlock device must remain on the vehicle for the balance of the period required based on the revocation and above extensions, however, no driving authority will be granted during this remaining period. The participant will be responsible for all fees for the device during this period.

73 Del. Laws, c. 352, § 9; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1; 74 Del. Laws, c. 110, § 89; 75 Del. Laws, c. 397, §§ 8, 9, 13; 77 Del. Laws, c. 183, § 1.;

(a) The Division of Motor Vehicles shall adopt and publish rules setting forth the requirements for obtaining certification of an ignition interlock device. No ignition interlock device shall be certified unless it meets the requirements specified and published by the Division. Such requirements shall include provisions for setting a calibration range which complies with § 4177F of this title and any other applicable law; and which shall include, but not be limited to, specifications that the device:

(1) Does not impede the safe operation of the vehicle;

(2) Has features that make circumvention difficult, but which do not interfere with the normal use of the vehicle; and

(3) Resists tampering, and shows evidence of tampering if tampering is attempted.

(b) The cost of certification shall be borne by each manufacturer of an ignition interlock device who desires to have such device certified in this State.

67 Del. Laws, c. 437, § 4.;

Any references to § 4177, § 4177A, § 4177B, § 4177C, § 4177D, § 4177E, or § 4177L of this title shall include all conforming statutes of any other state or the District of Columbia, or local ordinances in conformity therewith.

63 Del. Laws, c. 430, § 19; 64 Del. Laws, c. 13, § 20; 70 Del. Laws, c. 36, § 9.;

(a) No person shall consume an alcoholic beverage while driving a motor vehicle upon the highways of this State. "Consume," as used in this subsection, shall mean the ingestion of a substance containing alcohol while in the act of operating a motor vehicle in the presence of, or in the view of, a police officer.

(b) Whoever violates this section shall be fined for the first offense not less than $25 nor more than $200. For each subsequent like offense occurring within 1 year of the previous offense, the person shall be fined not less than $50 nor more than $400.

66 Del. Laws, c. 366, § 1.;

67 Del. Laws, c. 148, § 1; 67 Del. Laws, c. 429, §§ 6-8; 69 Del. Laws, c. 125, §§ 3, 4; 69 Del. Laws, c. 190, § 2; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1; 73 Del. Laws, c. 408, § 2; 73 Del. Laws, c. 414, § 2; 74 Del. Laws, c. 273, § 2; 76 Del. Laws, c. 94, §§ 1, 2; 78 Del. Laws, c. 13, § 70; repealed by 79 Del. Laws, c. 295 § 1, eff. July 9, 2014. ;

(a) Whoever, being under the age of 21 years, drives, operates or has actual physical control of a vehicle, an off-highway vehicle or a moped while consuming or after having consumed alcoholic liquor shall have that person's driver's license and/or privileges revoked for a period of 2 months for the first offense and not less than 6 months nor more than 12 months for each subsequent offense. If the underage person does not have a driver's license and/or privileges, the person shall be fined $200 for the first offense and not less than $400 nor more than $1,000 for each subsequent offense.

(b) In any proceeding under this section, evidence may be admitted of the amount of alcohol in the blood or breath of such underage person as determined by a specimen taken within 4 hours of the time when such person is alleged to have driven, operated or been in control of a vehicle after having consumed alcoholic liquor as shown by an analysis of that person's breath, blood, urine, or saliva. Evidence that there was at the time of the test an alcohol concentration of .02 or more in that person's blood or breath is per se evidence that the person had consumed alcoholic liquor. "Alcohol concentration of .02 or more in that person's blood or breath" shall mean (1) an amount of alcohol in a sample of a person's blood equivalent to .02 or more grams of alcohol per hundred milliliters of blood; or (2) an amount of alcohol in a sample of a person's breath equivalent to .02 or more grams per 210 liters of breath. This provision shall not preclude a conviction based upon other admissible evidence.

(c) In addition to any other powers of arrest, any police officer is hereby authorized to arrest without a warrant any person who the officer has probable cause to believe has violated the provisions of this section, regardless of whether the alleged violation was committed in the presence of such officer.

(d) In addition to any penalty for a violation of subsection (a) of this section, the court shall order the person to complete a drug and alcohol evaluation and to complete a program of education or rehabilitation pursuant to § 4177D of this title.

70 Del. Laws, c. 36, § 1; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1; 71 Del. Laws, c. 450, § 1; 78 Del. Laws, c. 167, § 29.;

(a) No person shall drive, operate, or have actual physical control of a commercial motor vehicle with an alcohol concentration of .04 or more in that person's blood or breath or having used a controlled substance or any drug which impairs driving ability. Any person who violates this section shall be guilty of an unclassified misdemeanor, and shall be subject to the provisions of Chapter 26 of this title. Prosecution under this section does not preclude prosecution under any other section of the Code. "Alcohol concentration of .04 or more" shall mean:

(1) An amount of alcohol in a sample of a person's blood equivalent to .04 or more grams of alcohol per 100 milliliters of blood; or,

(2) An amount of alcohol in a sample of a person's breath equivalent to .04 or more grams per 210 liters of breath.

(b) In addition to any penalty for a violation of subsection (a) of this section, the court shall order the person to complete a drug and alcohol evaluation and to complete a program of education or rehabilitation pursuant to § 4177D of this title.

70 Del. Laws, c. 134, § 5; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1; 77 Del. Laws, c. 60, § 15; 78 Del. Laws, c. 167, § 30.;