TITLE 16

Health and Safety

Building and Plumbing

CHAPTER 79. BASIC PLUMBING PRINCIPLES


The basic plumbing principles contained in this chapter shall act as the basis for the formation of all detailed plumbing regulations adopted by the Division of Public Health, local or district boards of health or city councils.

47 Del. Laws, c. 184, § 1; 16 Del. C. 1953, § 7901; 70 Del. Laws, c. 147, § 13.;

All plumbing installed after June 4, 1949 in any part of the State shall conform to the basic plumbing principles provided in this chapter.

47 Del. Laws, c. 184, § 30; 16 Del. C. 1953, § 7902.;

The Division of Public Health shall adopt and enforce the most recent version of the International Plumbing Code (IPC) within 1 calendar year of its issuance, in conformity with the basic plumbing principles provided in this chapter. The Division of Public Health may adopt and enforce additional plumbing regulations which shall not be in conflict with the IPC and the basic plumbing principles set forth in this chapter.

47 Del. Laws, c. 184, § 31; 16 Del. C. 1953, § 7903; 70 Del. Laws, c. 147, § 14; 77 Del. Laws, c. 200, § 1.;

Every political subdivision within the State, including county, city or municipal governments, shall enforce the International Plumbing Code (IPC) as adopted or modified by the Division of Public Health. Every political subdivision retains the right to propose additional or modified plumbing regulations, which must be submitted in writing to the Division of Public Health for review and approval. The Division of Public Health, within 60 days of receiving such proposed changes or additions, shall consult with the State Board of Plumbing, Heating, Air Conditioning, Ventilation and Refrigeration Examiners, and may thereafter adopt, modify or reject the proposed changes or additions. Upon issuance of the statewide plumbing regulations every political subdivision shall have the option of adopting and enforcing said regulations, or adopting and enforcing the minimum standards set forth in the most recently adopted version of the IPC.

47 Del. Laws, c. 184, § 32; 16 Del. C. 1953, § 7904; 70 Del. Laws, c. 147, §§ 15, 16, 25; 77 Del. Laws, c. 200, § 2.;

Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to limit the Division of Public Health, councils of cities or sanitary bodies of communities from making further and additional regulations not in conflict with this chapter.

47 Del. Laws, c. 184, § 36; 16 Del. C. 1953, § 7905; 70 Del. Laws, c. 147, § 17.;

(a) The Division of Public Health, in order to provide for the health of the citizens of the State, shall adopt and promulgate suitable rules and regulations for the construction, alteration, repair, modification or renovation of water and sewer systems and of building and house drainage systems; shall enforce those rules and regulations; and shall make provisions under this section and Chapter 18 of Title 24 for the punishment of any person who violates or assists in the violation of or refuses to comply with such rules and regulations.

(b) Registration and licensure of plumbers and persons engaged in the practice of plumbing in this State shall be in accordance with Chapter 18 of Title 24.

(c) No license shall be required of a person who installs his or her own plumbing work, service or equipment in or about his or her own home that is not for sale or any part for rent or lease, except that such person shall be required to obtain a permit from the Division of Public Health or from the proper plumbing inspection authority. Nothing in this paragraph shall be construed to prohibit a person from obtaining free assistance in installing his or her own plumbing work, service or equipment in his or her own home that is not for sale or any part for rent or lease.

(d) Property used exclusively for agricultural purposes is excluded from all provisions of this section, except for the necessity to obtain a permit from the Division of Public Health or from the proper plumbing inspection authority.

(e) The Division of Public Health shall issue plumbing permits and shall assess a $100 fee for each permit, except that no permit shall be required or fee assessed for the replacement of an existing fixture, piece of equipment or related piping, including but not limited to hot water heaters and water conditioning systems. All revenue generated shall be retained by the Division of Public Health in order to defray costs associated with the plumbing inspection program.

47 Del. Laws, c. 184, § 33; 16 Del. C. 1953, § 7906; 67 Del. Laws, c. 72, § 1; 70 Del. Laws, c. 147, § 18; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1; 71 Del. Laws, c. 185, § 4; 76 Del. Laws, c. 110, § 1; 77 Del. Laws, c. 445, § 1.;

(a) The Division of Public Health shall by rules and regulations also establish a system of inspection and supervision over all water and sewer systems, building and house drainage systems and ventilation of the same.

(b) The Division of Public Health shall appoint such inspectors as may be necessary, at such compensation as may be fixed by it, and shall make provision for payment of same.

(c) All plumping inspectors must be practical plumbers with at least 10 years' experience and skilled and well trained in matters pertaining to plumbing and sanitation generally.

(d) All plumbing inspectors shall, as far as may be necessary for the performance of their duties and the maintenance of the health of the citizens of the State, have the right to enter any building or premises in the State. They shall have the right to inspect and order the removal of any plumbing fixture, soil, drain, waste, vent pipe or pipes, cesspools, septic tanks and privies when they, at the discretion of the inspectors, are deemed in an unsanitary condition.

(e) A $50 inspection fee per inspection shall be assessed when the Division of Public Health inspectors must conduct any inspection due to the permittee's failure to comply with applicable regulations after 3 inspections. All revenue generated shall be retained by the Division of Public Health in order to defray costs associated with the plumbing inspection program.

47 Del. Laws, c. 184, § 34; 16 Del. C. 1953, § 7907; 70 Del. Laws, c. 147, §§ 19, 20; 76 Del. Laws, c. 110, § 3.;

As used in this chapter:

(1) "Plumbing" is the art of installing in buildings the pipes, fixtures and other apparatus for bringing in the water supply and removing liquid and water-carried wastes.

(2) "Plumbing fixtures" are receptacles intended to receive and discharge water, liquid or water-carried wastes into a drainage system with which they are connected.

(3) "Plumbing system of a building" includes the water supply distributing pipes, the fixtures and fixture traps, the soil, waste and vent pipes, the house drain and house sewer, the storm water drainage, and all the devices, appurtenances and connections of the above within or adjacent to the building.

(4) "Place of public entertainment" shall mean an establishment that accommodates more than 100 individuals.

(5) "Public restroom" shall mean a public sanitary facility that contains more than 1 plumbing fixture.

47 Del. Laws, c. 184, §§ 2-4; 16 Del. C. 1953, § 7908; 69 Del. Laws, c. 419, § 2.;

All premises intended for human habitation or occupancy shall be provided with a supply of pure and wholesome water.

47 Del. Laws, c. 184, § 5; 16 Del. C. 1953, § 7909.;

(a) Cross connections between safe and unsafe water supply distributing systems shall not be permitted unless such connections have the written approval of the Division of Public Health.

(b) No plumbing, fixture, construction, valves, fitting, device, apparatus or connection that will provide a cross connection between a safe water supply and a sewage system or will permit or make possible the back flow of sewage or waste into a water supply system shall be installed.

47 Del. Laws, c. 184, §§ 6, 7; 16 Del. C. 1953, § 7910; 70 Del. Laws, c. 147, § 21.;

Buildings in which water closets and other plumbing fixtures exist shall be provided with a supply of water adequate in volume and pressure for flushing purposes.

47 Del. Laws, c. 184, § 8; 16 Del. C. 1953, § 7911.;

The pipes conveying water to water closets shall be of sufficient size to supply the water at a rate required for adequate flushing without unduly reducing the pressure at other fixtures.

47 Del. Laws, c. 184, § 9; 16 Del. C. 1953, § 7912.;

Devices for heating water and storing it in boilers or hot water tanks shall be so designed and installed as to prevent all danger of explosion and also prevent a back flow of hot water through a meter connected with a public water supply.

47 Del. Laws, c. 184, § 10; 16 Del. C. 1953, § 7913.;

Every building intended for human habitation or occupancy on premises abutting on a street in which there is a public sewer shall have a separate connection.

47 Del. Laws, c. 184, § 11; 16 Del. C. 1953, § 7914.;

In multiple dwellings provided with a house drainage system there shall be for each family at least 1 private water closet.

47 Del. Laws, c. 184, § 12; 16 Del. C. 1953, § 7915.;

Plumbing fixtures shall be made of smooth nonabsorbent material, shall be free from concealed fouling surfaces and shall be set free of inclosures.

47 Del. Laws, c. 184, § 13; 16 Del. C. 1953, § 7916.;

The entire house drainage system shall be so designed, constructed and maintained as to conduct the waste water or sewage quickly from the fixture to the place of disposal with velocities which will guard against fouling and the deposit of solids and will prevent clogging.

47 Del. Laws, c. 184, § 14; 16 Del. C. 1953, § 7917.;

The drainage pipes shall be so designed and constructed as to be proof, for a reasonable life of the building, against leakage of water or drain air due to defective materials, imperfect connections, corrosions, settlements, vibrations of the ground or building, temperature changes, freezing or other causes.

47 Del. Laws, c. 184, § 15; 16 Del. C. 1953, § 7918.;

The drainage system shall be provided with an adequate number of cleanouts so arranged that in case of stoppage the pipes may be readily accessible.

47 Del. Laws, c. 184, § 16; 16 Del. C. 1953, § 7919.;

Each fixture or combination fixture shall be provided with a separate, accessible, self-scouring, reliable, water-sealed trap placed as near to the fixture as possible.

47 Del. Laws, c. 184, § 17; 16 Del. C. 1953, § 7920.;

The house drainage system shall be so designed that there will be an adequate circulation of air in all pipes and no danger of siphonage, aspiration or forcing of trap seals under conditions of ordinary use.

47 Del. Laws, c. 184, § 18; 16 Del. C. 1953, § 7921.;

The soil stack shall extend full size upward through the roof and have a free opening, the roof terminal being so located that there will be no danger of air passing from it to any window and no danger of clogging of the pipe by the frost or by articles being thrown into it or of roof water draining into it.

47 Del. Laws, c. 184, § 19; 16 Del. C. 1953, § 7922.;

The plumbing system shall be subjected to a water or air pressure test and to a final test in such manner as to disclose all leaks and imperfections in the work.

47 Del. Laws, c. 184, § 20; 16 Del. C. 1953, § 7923.;

No substance which will clog the pipes, produce explosive mixtures or destroy the pipes or their joints shall be allowed to enter the house drainage system.

47 Del. Laws, c. 184, § 21; 16 Del. C. 1953, § 7924.;

Refrigerators, ice boxes or receptacles for storing food shall not be connected directly with the drainage system.

47 Del. Laws, c. 184, § 22; 16 Del. C. 1953, § 7925.;

No water closet or urinal shall be located in a room or compartment which is not properly lighted and ventilated to the outer air.

47 Del. Laws, c. 184, § 23; 16 Del. C. 1953, § 7926.;

If water closets or other plumbing fixtures exist in buildings where there is no sewer within reasonable distance, suitable provision shall be made for the disposing of the house sewage by some method of sewage treatment and disposal satisfactory to the health authority having jurisdiction.

47 Del. Laws, c. 184, § 24; 16 Del. C. 1953, § 7927.;

Where a house drainage system may be subjected to back flow of sewage suitable provision shall be made to prevent its overflow in the building.

47 Del. Laws, c. 184, § 25; 16 Del. C. 1953, § 7928.;

Storm water from roofs and paved areas, yards, courts and courtyards shall be drained into a storm water sewerage system or a combined sewerage system, but not into a sanitary sewerage system intended for sewage only. Inside roof leaders, downspouts and storm water house drains shall be designed and constructed as are other drainage pipes.

47 Del. Laws, c. 184, § 26; 16 Del. C. 1953, § 7929.;

Privy vaults or cesspools shall not be permitted on premises accessible to a public sewer.

47 Del. Laws, c. 184, § 27; 16 Del. C. 1953, § 7930.;

Dug wells or other sources of private water supply shall not be permitted on premises accessible to a public water supply unless the private water supply has been approved in writing by the Division of Public Health.

47 Del. Laws, c. 184, § 28; 16 Del. C. 1953, § 7931; 70 Del. Laws, c. 147, § 22.;

Plumbing systems shall be maintained in a sanitary condition.

47 Del. Laws, c. 184, § 29; 16 Del. C. 1953, § 7932.;

In any place of public entertainment required by a state, county or municipal law, rule or regulation to have a public restroom, water closets and urinals shall be provided for men and women in accordance with the minimum number of plumbing facilities required under the 1993 National Plumbing Code promulgated by the Building Officials and Code Administrators International, Inc. (BOCA), Table P-1204.1, Building Use Groups A-1, A-2, A-3 and A-5.

69 Del. Laws, c. 419, § 1.;

Whoever violates or assists in the violation of this chapter or any order, code or regulation issued under this chapter shall be, for each offense, fined not less than $25 nor more than $100 or imprisoned not more than 60 days, or both.

47 Del. Laws, c. 184, § 38; 16 Del. C. 1953, § 7933; 69 Del. Laws, c. 419, § 1.;