TITLE 16

Health and Safety

Regulatory Provisions Concerning Public Health

CHAPTER 21. MATTRESSES, PILLOWS AND BEDDING


As used in this chapter, unless the context requires a different meaning:

(1) "Bedding'' shall mean any mattress, mattress pad, mattress protector pad, box spring, upholstered spring, upholstered bed, davenport, upholstered sofa bed, quilted pad, comforter, bolster, cushion, pillow, featherbed, sleeping bag or any other bag, case or cover made of leather, textile or other material which is stuffed or filled in whole or in part with concealed material, which is intended for use by any human being for sleeping or reclining purposes.

(2) "Comfortable'' means any cover, quilt or quilted article made of cotton or other textile material and stuffed or filled with fiber, cotton, wool, hair, jute, feathers, feather down, kapok or other soft material.

(3) "Mattress'' means any quilted pad, mattress, mattress pad, mattress protector, bunk, quilt or box spring stuffed or filled with excelsior, straw, hay, grass, cornhusks, moss, fiber, cotton, wool, hair, jute, kapok or other soft material, to be used on a couch or other bed for sleeping purposes.

(4) "New'' means any material or article which has not been previously manufactured or used for any purpose.

(5) "Pillows,'' "bolster,'' or "featherbed,'' mean any bag, case or covering made of cotton or other textile material, and stuffed or filled with excelsior, straw, hay, grass, cornhusks, moss, fiber, cotton, wool, hair, jute, feathers, feather down, kapok or other soft material to be used on a bed or other article for sleeping purposes.

(6) "Secondhand'' means any material or article of which prior use has been made.

(7) "Shoddy'' means any material which has been spun into yarn, knit or woven into fabric and subsequently cut up, torn up, broken up or ground up.

Code 1915, § 824A; 36 Del. Laws, c. 102; Code 1935, § 874; 16 Del. C. 1953, § 2101; 60 Del. Laws, c. 356, § 1.;

No person shall employ or use in the making or renovating of any mattress, pillow, bolster, featherbed or comfortable:

(1) Any material known as "shoddy'' or any fabric or material from which shoddy is constructed;

(2) Any secondhand material;

(3) Any new or secondhand feathers, unless such shoddy, secondhand material or new or secondhand feathers have been sterilized and disinfected by a reasonable process approved by the Department of Health and Social Services.

Code 1915, § 824B; 36 Del. Laws, c. 102; Code 1935, § 875; 16 Del. C. 1953, § 2102; 70 Del. Laws, c. 149, § 122.;

(a) Any person engaged in the making, remaking or renovating of any mattress, pillow, bolster or comfortable in which secondhand material is used, or in the making of any new or secondhand feather or down filled article or engaged in sterilizing and disinfecting any material, feathers or article coming under this chapter, shall submit to the Department of Health and Social Services for approval a reasonable and effective process, together with duplicate plans of apparatus or auxiliary devices, for the sterilization and disinfection of secondhand material, feathers and secondhand articles enumerated in this section.

(b) Upon the approval of the process for sterilization and disinfection, a numbered permit for its use shall be issued to the applicant by the Department of Health and Social Services. Such permit shall expire 1 year from date of approval and issue. Every person to whom a permit has been issued shall keep such permit conspicuously posted in the person's office or place of business. Refusal to display such permit in accordance with this chapter shall be sufficient reason to revoke and forfeit the permit.

(c) For all permits issued as required by this chapter (not including, however, by the term "permits'' the "tags'' otherwise referred to in this chapter) there shall at time of issue thereof be paid by the applicant to the Department of Health and Social Services a fee of $50.

(d) Nothing in this section shall prevent any person engaged in the making, remaking, renovating or sale of any article described in this section, which requires sterilizing and disinfecting under this section, from having such sterilizing and disinfecting performed by any person to whom a permit for such purposes has been issued, provided the number of the permit shall appear in the statement on the tag attached to the article.

Code 1915, § 824C; 36 Del. Laws, c. 102; Code 1935, § 876; 16 Del. C. 1953, § 2103; 70 Del. Laws, c. 149, §§ 123, 124; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1.;

All places where any mattress, pillow, bolster, featherbed or comfortable is made, remade or renovated, or where materials for articles named in this section are prepared, or establishment where the articles are offered for sale or are in possession of any person with intent to sell, deliver or consign them, or establishment where sterilizing and disinfecting are performed, shall be subject to inspection by the Department of Health and Social Services to ascertain whether the materials and the finished articles enumerated in this section conform to the requirements of this chapter.

Code 1915, § 824D; 36 Del. Laws, c. 102; Code 1935, § 877; 16 Del. C. 1953, § 2104; 70 Del. Laws, c. 149, § 125.;

No person shall sell, lease, offer to sell or lease, or deliver or consign in sale or lease, or have in the person's possession with intent to sell, lease, deliver or consign in sale or lease:

(1) Any mattress, pillow, bolster, featherbed or comfortable made, remade or renovated in violation of this chapter;

(2) Any secondhand mattress, pillow, bolster, featherbed or comfortable, unless since last used it has been thoroughly sterilized and disinfected by a reasonable process approved by the Department of Health and Social Services.

Code 1915, § 824E; 36 Del. Laws, c. 102; Code 1935, § 878; 16 Del. C. 1953, § 2105; 70 Del. Laws, c. 149, § 126; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1.;

(a) Each and every mattress or article covered by this chapter, other than a feather or down filled pillow, bolster, bed or comforter, shall bear securely attached thereto and visible on the outside covering a tag of cloth or other substantial material upon which shall be plainly and indelibly stamped or printed in English:

(1) A statement showing the kind of materials used in filling the mattress or article and whether the materials used in filling are wholly new or secondhand or partly secondhand;

(2) The word "secondhand'' upon any article of which prior use has been made;

(3) The number of the permit issued for sterilizing and disinfecting; and

(4) The registry number used in applying and enforcing the tagging and inspection provisions of this chapter.

(b) Each and every pillow or other article covered by this chapter in which feathers or down are used shall bear securely attached thereto and visible on the outside covering a substantial cloth tag upon which shall be plainly and indelibly stamped or printed in English:

(1) A statement that the feathers or down have been sterilized and disinfected in accordance with this chapter;

(2) The number of the permit issued for sterilizing and disinfecting the feathers or down;

(3) The word "secondhand'' upon a feather or down filled article of which prior use has been made; and

(4) The registry number used in applying and enforcing the tagging and inspection provisions of this chapter.

(c) No additional information shall be contained in the statements. The statement of materials used in filling must be in plain type not less than one-eighth inch in height. The tag required by this chapter to be attached to any article covered by this chapter shall be not less than 6 square inches in size.

(d) The word "felt,'' or words of like import if any other than garnetted materials are used in filling, or the words "curled hair,'' or words of like import if other than curled hair is used in filling, shall not be used exclusively in the statement concerning any mattress, pillow, bolster or comfortable.

(e) No person shall make any false, untrue or misleading statement, term or designation on the tag or remove, deface, alter or in any manner attempt to remove, deface or alter the tag required by this chapter or cause to be removed, defaced or altered any statement on a tag placed upon any article included in this chapter.

Code 1915, § 824F; 36 Del. Laws, c. 102; Code 1935, § 879; 16 Del. C. 1953, § 2106; 49 Del. Laws, c. 269, §§ 1, 2; 60 Del. Laws, c. 356, §§ 2-6.;

The Department of Health and Social Services shall, upon application to it by any person entitled thereto, register each applicant, issue a permit and assign a registry number by which number applicants shall thereafter be identified in applying and enforcing the tagging and inspection of this chapter.

Code 1915, § 824G; 36 Del. Laws, c. 102; Code 1935, § 880; 16 Del. C. 1953, § 2107; 50 Del. Laws, c. 251, § 1; 60 Del. Laws, c. 356, § 7; 70 Del. Laws, c. 149, § 127.;

The initial annual permit fee and subsequent annual renewal fee under this chapter for manufacturers of bedding products within the State or manufacturers of such products who ship said products into this State shall be as follows:

Bedding manufacturer $50  

Code 1915, § 824H; 36 Del. Laws, c. 102; Code 1935, § 881; 16 Del. C. 1953, § 2108; 49 Del. Laws, c. 269, § 3; 60 Del. Laws, c. 356, § 8.;

Permits shall remain effective only during a calendar year beginning January 1, and ending December 31, or any remaining portion of a calendar year beginning on the date the permit is issued. Applications for renewal of the permit must be made within the 60-day period preceding expiration of the permit currently held by the applicant. The fee for renewal of a manufacturer's permit shall be $50.

Code 1915, § 824I; 36 Del. Laws, c. 102; Code 1935, § 882; 16 Del. C. 1953, § 2109; 60 Del. Laws, c. 356, § 9.;

All fees collected under this chapter shall be paid to the Department of Health and Social Services and when so paid shall be turned over by the Department of Health and Social Services to the State Treasurer and credited to the General Fund of the State.

Code 1915, § 824J; 36 Del. Laws, c. 102; 37 Del. Laws, c. 59, § 1; Code 1935, § 883; 16 Del. C. 1953, § 2110; 70 Del. Laws, c. 149, §§ 128, 129.;

(a) It is the intent of this chapter to prevent both the manufacture and the sale within this State of any of the articles enumerated in § 2105 of this title, except in conformity to and in compliance with this chapter. Inasmuch, however, as some of the articles so enumerated may be made or the material used in the manufacture or renovation thereof may be processed outside of the limits of this State, it is expressly provided that where the person so manufacturing any such article or processing any such material shall have or operate a plant outside of the limits of this State the Department of Health and Social Services may, in its discretion, in lieu of a physical inspection of the plant of such nonresident person, satisfy itself by examination of the product made or possessed by such nonresident or by such other means as the Department of Health and Social Services Board deems adequate, of the propriety of issuing to such nonresident the permit required by this chapter or of renewing or keeping in force a permit so issued.

(b) In the event that at any time the Department of Health and Social Services deems it necessary to make physical inspection of any plant or factory of the nonresident, it may require the payment by such nonresident of such sum as may cover the reasonable traveling charges entailed by such physical inspection and refuse to issue, or revoke or suspend, any permit until or unless such charges are so paid.

Code 1915, § 824K; 36 Del. Laws, c. 102; Code 1935, § 884; 16 Del. C. 1953, § 2111; 70 Del. Laws, c. 149, §§ 130, 131; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1.;

(a) The Department of Health and Social Services, through its officers and employees, is charged with the administration and enforcement of this chapter and may take for evidence, at any trial involving violation of this chapter, any article made or offered for sale in violation of this chapter. The Department of Health and Social Services shall make and enforce reasonable rules and regulations for the enforcement of this chapter.

(b) This section is subject to Chapter 23 of Title 11. If there is any conflict or inconsistency between this section and such chapter, the latter shall prevail.

Code 1915, § 824L; 36 Del. Laws, c. 102; Code 1935, § 885; 16 Del. C. 1953, § 2112; 70 Del. Laws, c. 149, §§ 132, 133.;

(a) Whoever violates this chapter or the rules and regulations adopted thereunder shall be fined for each offense not less than $10 nor more than $50. In default of the payment of such fine the violator shall be imprisoned for not less than 10 days for each separate offense. The total term of imprisonment at any 1 time for additional offenses shall not exceed 10 months.

(b) Each mattress, mattress pad, mattress protector pad, box spring, upholstered spring, upholstered bed, davenport, upholstered sofa bed, quilted pad, comforter, bolster, cushion, pillow, featherbed or sleeping bag made or remade, or renovated, sold, offered for sale, delivered or consigned contrary to this chapter shall constitute a separate offense.

(c) Any person convicted of an offense under this section, before a justice of the peace, may appeal the judgment of conviction to the Court of Common Pleas of the county.

Code 1915, § 824M; 36 Del. Laws, c. 102; 37 Del. Laws, c. 59, § 2; Code 1935, § 886; 16 Del. C. 1953, § 2113; 60 Del. Laws, c. 356, §§ 10, 11; 69 Del. Laws, c. 423; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1.;

The Department of Health and Social Services may revoke any permit issued under this chapter if the person to whom the permit was issued has violated this chapter or the rules or regulations established thereunder.

Code 1915, § 824N; 36 Del. Laws, c. 102; 37 Del. Laws, c. 59, § 2; Code 1935, § 886; 70 Del. Laws, c. 149, § 134.;