TITLE 16

Health and Safety

Regulatory Provisions Concerning Public Health

CHAPTER 15. CESSPOOLS, PRIVY WELLS, DRAINAGE SYSTEMS AND WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS


(a) The Department of Health and Social Services may regulate and prescribe the manner in which all cesspools, privy wells and other drainage systems shall be constructed within the limits of all incorporated towns and at any place within 1 mile from the water supply thereof. The Department of Health and Social Services may adopt regulations to insure that water supply systems are constructed or altered in a manner that preserves the quality of water supplied to the public.

(b) As used in this chapter, "water supply system'' means all plants, systems, facilities or properties used or useful, or having the present capacity for future use, in connection with the supply or distribution of water, and any integral part thereof, including water distribution systems, mains, laterals, pumping stations, standpipes, filtration plants, purification plants, hydrants, meters, valves and equipment, appurtenances and all properties, rights, easements and franchises relating thereto and deemed necessary or convenient by the authority for the operation thereof. Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, the term "water supply system'' shall not mean a dam, reservoir, surface water intake, waterway obstruction or well.

33 Del. Laws, c. 56, § 2; 33 Del. Laws, c. 57, § 4; 34 Del. Laws, c. 66, § 1; 34 Del. Laws, c. 69, § 1; Code 1935, § 859; 16 Del. C. 1953, § 1501; 64 Del. Laws, c. 479, § 2; 70 Del. Laws, c. 149, § 108.;

The Department of Health and Social Services may order and direct any changes in the construction of any cesspool or privy well or other drainage already constructed and used on any property in any incorporated town or within 1 mile of the water supply of the town which it deems necessary for the protection of the health of the inhabitants of the town or for the protection of the water supply thereof.

33 Del. Laws, c. 56, § 3; 33 Del. Laws, c. 57, § 4; 34 Del. Laws, c. 66, § 1; 34 Del. Laws, c. 69, § 1; Code 1935, § 860; 16 Del. C. 1953, § 1502; 70 Del. Laws, c. 149, § 109.;

The Department of Health and Social Services may order and direct that the owner of any property on which there is a cesspool or privy well and all other drainage already in use in any incorporated town or within 1 mile from the water supply of the town shall so change and construct the same out of brick and cement or concrete in such manner as to prevent the contents thereof from oozing through or passing into the soil around the cesspool or privy well or from overflowing over the top thereof.

33 Del. Laws, c. 56, § 4; 33 Del. Laws, c. 57, § 4; 34 Del. Laws, c. 66, § 1; 34 Del. Laws, c. 69, § 1; Code 1935, § 861; 16 Del. C. 1953, § 1503; 70 Del. Laws, c. 149, § 110.;

The Department of Health and Social Services may prohibit the owner or tenant of any property within any incorporated town or within 1 mile from the water supply thereof from discharging any sewerage or drainage from any house or building on or over the surface of the ground adjoining the same whenever it determines that the same is detrimental to the health of the inhabitants of the town or those living within 1 mile from the water supply thereof.

33 Del. Laws, c. 56, § 5; 33 Del. Laws, c. 57, § 4; 34 Del. Laws, c. 66, § 1; 34 Del. Laws, c. 69, § 1; Code 1935, § 862; 16 Del. C. 1953, § 1504; 70 Del. Laws, c. 149, § 111.;

The Department of Health and Social Services may order and direct the owner or tenant of any property within any incorporated town or within 1 mile from the water supply thereof on which there is a cesspool or privy well to clean the same in such manner as it directs whenever it deems the cleaning thereof to be necessary. Whoever neglects or refuses to comply with the order within 30 days from the time notice of the order is served shall be subject to the fines and penalties provided in § 1507 of this title for the violation of this chapter.

33 Del. Laws, c. 56, § 6; 33 Del. Laws, c. 57, § 4; 34 Del. Laws, c. 66, § 1; 34 Del. Laws, c. 69, § 1; Code 1935, § 863; 16 Del. C. 1953, § 1505; 70 Del. Laws, c. 149, § 112.;

All plans for the construction or alteration of a water supply system shall be submitted to the Division of Public Health of the Department of Health and Social Services for approval before the construction or alteration of said water supply system begins. Notwithstanding the exclusions in § 1501(b) of this title, the Division of Public Health may review and inspect the construction of wells, dams, reservoirs, surface water intakes and waterway obstructions for health aspects, including but not limited to such features as venting, grouting, integrity of well seals and protection from contamination. Any negative health aspects observed by the Division of Public Health during such review or inspection shall be referred to the Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control for investigation, resolution or enforcement action. In addition, and pursuant to § 7931 of Title 16, a dug well or any type of private water supply that is located where there is access to a public water supply shall not be permitted unless the private water supply is approved in writing by the Department of Health and Social Services.

34 Del. Laws, c. 66, § 1; 34 Del. Laws, c. 69, § 1; Code 1935, § 864; 16 Del. C. 1953, § 1506; 55 Del. Laws, c. 442, § 9; 56 Del. Laws, c. 372, § 2; 57 Del. Laws, c. 739, §§ 219, 220; 64 Del. Laws, c. 479, § 3; 70 Del. Laws, c. 149, § 113.;

(a) Whoever violates this chapter or any order or regulation of the Department of Health and Social Services or any laws of this State conferring powers upon boards of health or refuses or omits to obey such order and regulation within the time prescribed for the performance thereof, or obstructs or interferes with the execution of such order or regulation, shall, for the first offense, be fined not less than $10 and not more than $100 and for any subsequent offense not less than $25 nor more than $200.

(b) Prosecutions under this section may be brought before the alderperson of the incorporated town in which the violation occurs.

33 Del. Laws, c. 56, § 7; 33 Del. Laws, c. 57, § 4; 34 Del. Laws, c. 66, § 1; 34 Del. Laws, c. 69, § 1; Code 1935, § 865; 16 Del. C. 1953, § 1507; 70 Del. Laws, c. 149, § 114; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1.;