TITLE 11

Crimes and Criminal Procedure

Delaware Criminal Code

CHAPTER 5. SPECIFIC OFFENSES

Subchapter III. Offenses Involving Property


(a) A person is guilty of arson in the third degree when the person recklessly damages a building by intentionally starting a fire or causing an explosion.

(b) In any prosecution under this section it is an affirmative defense that no person other than the accused had a possessory or proprietary interest in the building.

Arson in the third degree is a class G felony.

11 Del. C. 1953, § 801; 58 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 1; 67 Del. Laws, c. 130, § 8; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1.;

(a) A person is guilty of arson in the second degree when the person intentionally damages a building by starting a fire or causing an explosion.

(b) In any prosecution under this section it is an affirmative defense that:

(1) No person other than the accused had a possessory or proprietary interest in the building, or if other persons had such interests, all of them consented to the accused's conduct; and

(2) The accused's sole intent was to destroy or damage the building for a lawful purpose; and

(3) The accused had no reasonable ground to believe that the conduct might endanger the life or safety of another person or damage another building.

Arson in the second degree is a class D felony.

11 Del. C. 1953, § 802; 58 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 1; 67 Del. Laws, c. 130, § 8; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1.;

A person is guilty of arson in the first degree when the person intentionally damages a building by starting a fire or causing an explosion and when:

(1) The person knows that another person not an accomplice is present in the building at the time; or

(2) The person knows of circumstances which render the presence of another person not an accomplice therein a reasonable possibility.

Arson in the first degree is a class C felony.

11 Del. C. 1953, § 803; 58 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 1; 67 Del. Laws, c. 130, § 8; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1.;

(a) A person is guilty of reckless burning or exploding when the person intentionally starts a fire or causes an explosion, whether on the person's own property or on another's, and thereby recklessly places a building or other real or personal property of another in danger of destruction or damage or places another person in danger of physical injury.

(b) Reckless burning or exploding shall be punished as follows:

(1) Where the total amount of pecuniary loss caused by the burning or exploding, when totaled for all victims, is less than $1,500, such burning or exploding shall be a class A misdemeanor.

(2) Where the total amount of pecuniary loss caused by the burning or exploding, when totaled for all victims, is $1,500 or more, such burning or exploding shall be a class G felony.

11 Del. C. 1953, § 804; 58 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 1; 67 Del. Laws, c. 130, § 8; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1; 70 Del. Laws, c. 344, §§ 1, 2.;

A person is guilty of cross or religious symbol burning when the person burns, or causes to be burned, any cross or other religious symbol, upon any private or public property without the express written consent of the owner of such property and without a minimum of 48 hours advanced notification of the proposed burning to the fire board or call board of the county in which the burning is to take place.

Cross or religious symbol burning is a class A misdemeanor.

69 Del. Laws, c. 106, § 1; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1.;

(a) A person is guilty of criminal mischief when the person intentionally or recklessly:

(1) Damages tangible property of another person; or

(2) Tampers with tangible property of another person so as to endanger person or property; or

(3) Tampers or makes connection with tangible property of a gas, electric, steam or waterworks corporation, telegraph or telephone corporation or other public utility, except that in any prosecution under this subsection it is an affirmative defense that the accused engaged in the conduct charged to constitute an offense for a lawful purpose.

(b) Criminal mischief is punished as follows:

(1) Criminal mischief is a class G felony if the actor intentionally causes pecuniary loss of $5,000 or more, or if the actor intentionally causes a substantial interruption or impairment of public communication, transportation, supply of water, gas or power, or other public service;

(2) Criminal mischief is a class A misdemeanor if the actor intentionally or recklessly causes pecuniary loss in excess of $1,000;

(3) Otherwise criminal mischief is an unclassified misdemeanor;

(4) If an actor commits an act of criminal mischief of any degree on or along a Delaware byway, as defined in § 101(a)(9) of Title 17, the court shall impose a minimum mandatory fine of at least $500.

(c) It is a defense that the defendant has a reasonable ground to believe that the defendant has a right to engage in the conduct set forth in subsection (a) of this section.

11 Del. C. 1953, § 811; 58 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 1; 60 Del. Laws, c. 590, § 6; 65 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 1; 67 Del. Laws, c. 130, § 8; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1; 70 Del. Laws, c. 211, § 1; 77 Del. Laws, c. 133, § 14; 77 Del. Laws, c. 350, § 1.;

(a)(1) A person is guilty of the act of graffiti when the person intentionally, knowingly or recklessly draws, paints, etches or makes any significant mark or inscription upon any public or private, real or personal property of another without the permission of the owner.

(2) Graffiti is a class A misdemeanor, unless the property damage caused thereby exceeds $1500, in which case it is a class G felony. The penalty for graffiti shall include a minimum fine of not less than $1000 which shall not be subject to suspension, restitution for damages to the property and 250 hours of community service, at least half of which shall be served removing graffiti on public property. The minimum fine and community service hours shall be doubled for a second or subsequent conviction of an act of graffiti. The minimum fine shall also be doubled, and may not be suspended, for a first, second, or subsequent conviction of an act of graffiti which is performed on or along a Delaware byway, as defined in § 101(a)(9) of Title 17.

(b)(1) A person is guilty of possession of graffiti implements when the person possesses any tool, instrument, article, substance, solution or other compound designed or commonly used to etch, paint, cover, draw upon or otherwise place a mark upon a piece of property which that person has no permission or authority to etch, paint, cover, draw upon or otherwise mark, under circumstances evidencing an intent to use the same in order to commit an act of graffiti or damage such property.

(2) Possession of graffiti implements is a class B misdemeanor. The penalty for possession of graffiti implements shall include a minimum fine of not less than $500 which shall not be subject to suspension, restitution for damages to the property and 100 hours of community service, at least half of which shall be served removing graffiti on public property. The minimum fine and community service hours shall be doubled for a second or subsequent conviction of possession of graffiti implements.

71 Del. Laws, c. 464, § 1; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1; 75 Del. Laws, c. 68, § 1; 76 Del. Laws, c. 377, § 1; 77 Del. Laws, c. 181, §§ 1, 2; 77 Del. Laws, c. 350, § 2.;

A person commits theft of property from a cemetery when, with the intent as prescribed in § 841 of this title, the person exercises control over flowers, burial mounds, mementos or any other property left by its owner in a cemetery for purposes of honoring the dead; provided, however, that this section shall not be applicable to employees of a cemetery who remove property from a grave site pursuant to cemetery regulations. Whoever commits theft of property from a cemetery shall be guilty of a class A misdemeanor.

78 Del. Laws, c. 125, § 1.;

A person is guilty of trespassing with intent to peer or peep into a window or door of another when the person knowingly enters upon the occupied property or premises of another utilized as a dwelling, with intent to peer or peep into the window or door of such property or premises and who, while on such property or premises, otherwise acts in a manner commonly referred to as "Peeping Tom." Any person violating this section may be referred by the court to the Delaware Psychiatric Center for examination and for treatment. Justices of the peace shall have concurrent jurisdiction of violations of this section.

Trespassing with intent to peer or peep into a window or door of another is a class B misdemeanor.

11 Del. C. 1953, § 820; 58 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 1; 67 Del. Laws, c. 130, § 8; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1; 70 Del. Laws, c. 550, § 1.;

A person is guilty of criminal trespass in the third degree when the person knowingly enters or remains unlawfully upon real property.

Criminal trespass in the third degree is a violation.

11 Del. C. 1953, § 821; 58 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 1; 67 Del. Laws, c. 130, § 8; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1.;

A person is guilty of criminal trespass in the second degree when the person knowingly enters or remains unlawfully in a building or upon real property which is fenced or otherwise enclosed in a manner manifestly designed to exclude intruders.

Criminal trespass in the second degree is an unclassified misdemeanor.

11 Del. C. 1953, § 822; 58 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 1; 67 Del. Laws, c. 130, § 8; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1.;

A person is guilty of criminal trespass in the first degree when the person knowingly enters or remains unlawfully in a dwelling or building used to shelter, house, milk, raise, feed, breed, study or exhibit animals.

Criminal trespass in the first degree is a class A misdemeanor.

11 Del. C. 1953, § 823; 58 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 1; 65 Del. Laws, c. 482, § 1; 67 Del. Laws, c. 130, § 8; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1.;

A person is guilty of burglary in the third degree when the person knowingly enters or remains unlawfully in a building with intent to commit a crime therein.

Burglary in the third degree is a class F felony.

11 Del. C. 1953, § 824; 58 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 1; 67 Del. Laws, c. 130, § 8; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1.;

(a) A person is guilty of burglary in the second degree when the person knowingly enters or remains unlawfully:

(1) In a dwelling with intent to commit a crime therein; or

(2) In a building and when, in effecting entry or while in the building or in immediate flight therefrom, the person or another participant in the crime:

a. Is armed with explosives or a deadly weapon; or

b. Causes physical injury to any person who is not a participant in the crime.

Burglary in the second degree is class D felony, except where the person who suffers physical injury is a person 62 years of age or older in which case any violation of this section shall be a class C felony.

(b) Notwithstanding any provision of this section or Code to the contrary, any person convicted of burglary in the second degree shall receive a minimum sentence of:

(1) One year at Level V; or

(2) Three years at Level V, if the conviction is for an offense that was committed within 5 years of the date of a previous conviction for burglary first or second degree or if the conviction is for an offense that was committed within 5 years of the date of termination of all periods of incarceration or confinement imposed pursuant to a previous conviction for burglary first or second degree conviction.

Any sentence imposed pursuant to this subsection shall not be subject to the provisions of § 4215 of this title.

(c) The sentencing provisions of subsection (b) of this section apply to attempted burglary in the second degree as well as burglary in the second degree.

11 Del. C. 1953, § 825; 58 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 1; 67 Del. Laws, c. 130, § 8; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1; 73 Del. Laws, c. 126, § 7; 74 Del. Laws, c. 106, § 4; 74 Del. Laws, c. 345, § 4.;

(a) A person is guilty of burglary in the first degree when the person knowingly enters or remains unlawfully in a dwelling at night with intent to commit a crime therein, and when, in effecting entry or when in the dwelling or in immediate flight therefrom, the person or another participant in the crime:

(1) Is armed with explosives or a deadly weapon; or

(2) Causes physical injury to any person who is not a participant in the crime.

Burglary in the first degree is a class C felony, except where the person who suffers physical injury is a person 62 years of age or older in which case any violation of this section shall be a class B felony.

(b) Notwithstanding any provision of this section or Code to the contrary, any person convicted of burglary in the first degree shall receive a minimum sentence of:

(1) Two years at Level V; or

(2) Four years at Level V, if the conviction is for an offense that was committed within 5 years of the date of a previous conviction for burglary first or second degree or if the conviction is for an offense that was committed within 5 years of the date of termination of all periods of incarceration or confinement imposed pursuant to a previous conviction for burglary first or second degree conviction.

Any sentence imposed pursuant to this subsection shall not be subject to the provisions of § 4215 of this title.

(c) The sentencing provisions of subsection (b) of this section apply to attempted burglary in the first degree as well as burglary in the first degree.

11 Del. C. 1953, § 826; 58 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 1; 67 Del. Laws, c. 130, § 8; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1; 73 Del. Laws, c. 126, § 8; 74 Del. Laws, c. 106, § 5; 74 Del. Laws, c. 345, § 5.;

(a) A person is guilty of home invasion when the person knowingly enters or remains unlawfully in a dwelling with intent to commit a violent felony therein, and:

(1) That dwelling is occupied by another person who is not a participant in the crime; and

(2) When, in effecting entry or when in the dwelling or in immediate flight therefrom, the person or another participant in the crime engages in the commission of, or attempts to commit, any of the following felonies:

a. Robbery in any degree;

b. Assault in the first or second degree;

c. Murder in any degree;

d. Manslaughter;

e. Rape in any degree;

f. Kidnapping in any degree; and

(3) When, in effecting entry or when in the dwelling or in immediate flight therefrom, the person or another participant in the crime:

a. Is armed with explosives or a deadly weapon; or

b. Causes physical injury to any person who is not a participant in the crime.

Home invasion is a class B felony.

(b)(1) Notwithstanding any provision of this section or Code to the contrary, any person convicted of home invasion shall receive a minimum sentence of:

a. Six years at Level V; or

b. Eight years at Level V, if the conviction is for an offense that was committed within 5 years of the date of a previous conviction for home invasion or burglary first or second degree or if the conviction is for an offense that was committed within 5 years of the date of termination of all periods of incarceration or confinement imposed pursuant to a previous conviction for home invasion or burglary first or second degree conviction.

(2) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (b)(1) of this section or any provision of this section or Code to the contrary, any person convicted of home invasion where the other person present in the dwelling, who is not another participant in the crime, is a person 62 years of age or older shall receive a minimum sentence of:

a. Seven years at Level V; or

b. Nine years at Level V, if the conviction is for an offense that was committed within 5 years of the date of a previous conviction for home invasion or burglary first or second degree or if the conviction is for an offense that was committed within 5 years of the date of termination of all periods of incarceration or confinement imposed pursuant to a previous conviction for home invasion or burglary first or second degree conviction.

Any sentence imposed pursuant to this subsection shall not be subject to the provisions of § 4215 of this title.

(c) The sentencing provisions of subsection (b) of this section apply to attempted home invasion as well as home invasion.

78 Del. Laws, c. 252, § 1.;

A person may be convicted both of burglary or home invasion and of the offense which it was the purpose of the person's unlawful entry to commit or for an attempt to commit that offense.

11 Del. C. 1953, § 827; 58 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 1; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1; 78 Del. Laws, c. 252, § 6.;

(a) A person is guilty of possession of burglar's tools or instruments facilitating theft when, under circumstances evidencing an intent to use or knowledge that some other person intends to use the same in the commission of an offense of such character, the person possesses any tool, instrument, or other thing adapted, designed, or commonly used for committing or facilitating:

(1) Offenses involving unlawful entry into or upon premises,

(2) Offenses involving the unlocking, overriding, or disabling of a security device without authorization,

(3) Offenses involving forcible breaking or opening of safes, vending machines, automatic teller machines, lock boxes, gates, doors or any container or depositories of property, or

(4) The offense of identity theft, such as a credit card, driver license or other document issued in a name other than the name of the person who possesses the document.

(b) Possession of burglar's tools or instruments facilitating theft is a class F felony.

11 Del. C. 1953, § 828; 58 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 1; 67 Del. Laws, c. 130, § 8; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1; 70 Del. Laws, c. 478, §§ 1, 2; 72 Del. Laws, c. 297, § 2; 75 Del. Laws, c. 162, § 1.;

(a) "Burglar's tool or instruments" includes the term "bump key" which is a type of key used for a specific lock picking technique called lock bumping.

(b) "Dwelling" means a building which is usually occupied by a person lodging therein at night.

(c) A person "enters" upon premises when the person introduces any body part or any part of any instrument, by whatever means, into or upon the premises.

(d) A person "enters or remains unlawfully" in or upon premises when the person is not licensed or privileged to do so. A person who, regardless of intent, enters or remains upon premises which appear at the time to be open to the public does so with license and privilege unless the person defies a lawful order not to enter or remain, personally communicated by the owner of the premises or another authorized person. A license or privilege to enter or remain in a building which is only partly open to the public is not a license or privilege to enter or remain in that part of the building which is not open to the public.

(e) The "intent to commit a crime therein" may be formed prior to the unlawful entry, be concurrent with the unlawful entry or such intent may be formed after the entry while the person remains unlawfully.

(f) "Night" means a period between 30 minutes after sunset and 30 minutes before sunrise.

(g) "Premises" include the term "building" as defined in § 222 of this title, and any real property.

(h) "Security device" includes any lock, whether mechanical or electronic; or any warning device designed to alert a person or the general public of a possible attempt to gain unlawful entry into or upon premises or a possible attempt to unlock, bypass or otherwise disable a lock.

(i) A person possesses burglar tools or instruments facilitating theft "under circumstances evincing an intent to use or knowledge that some other person intends to use" such when the person possesses the tools or instruments at a time and a place proximate to the commission or attempt to commit a trespass, burglary, home invasion, or theft-related offense or otherwise under circumstances not manifestly appropriate for what lawful uses the tools or instruments may have.

11 Del. C. 1953, § 829; 58 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 1; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1; 70 Del. Laws, c. 478, § 3; 76 Del. Laws, c. 267, § 1; 76 Del. Laws, c. 310, § 1; 78 Del. Laws, c. 252, §§ 7, 8.;

(a) A person is guilty of robbery in the second degree when, in the course of committing theft, the person uses or threatens the immediate use of force upon another person with intent to:

(1) Prevent or overcome resistance to the taking of the property or to the retention thereof immediately after the taking; or

(2) Compel the owner of the property or another person to deliver up the property or to engage in other conduct which aids in the commission of the theft.

Robbery in the second degree is a class E felony.

(b) In addition to its ordinary meaning, the phrase "in the course of committing theft" includes any act which occurs in an attempt to commit theft or in immediate flight after the attempt or commission of the theft.

11 Del. C. 1953, § 831; 58 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 1; 65 Del. Laws, c. 517, § 1; 67 Del. Laws, c. 130, § 8; 68 Del. Laws, c. 129, § 4; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1; 71 Del. Laws, c. 47, § 1.;

(a) A person is guilty of robbery in the first degree when the person commits the crime of robbery in the second degree and when, in the course of the commission of the crime or of immediate flight therefrom, the person or another participant in the crime:

(1) Causes physical injury to any person who is not a participant in the crime; or

(2) Displays what appears to be a deadly weapon or represents by word or conduct that the person is in possession or control of a deadly weapon; or

(3) Is armed with and uses or threatens the use of a dangerous instrument; or

(4) Commits said crime against a person who is 62 years of age or older.

Robbery in the first degree is a class B felony.

(b) Notwithstanding any provisions of this section or Code to the contrary, any person convicted of robbery in the first degree shall receive a minimum sentence of:

(1) Three years at Level V; or

(2) Five years at Level V, if the conviction is for an offense that was committed within 10 years of the date of a previous conviction for robbery in the first degree or if the conviction is for an offense that was committed within 10 years of the date of termination of all periods of incarceration or confinement imposed pursuant to a previous conviction for robbery in the first degree, whichever is the later date.

Any sentence imposed pursuant to this subsection shall not be subject to the provisions of § 4215 of this title.

(c) The sentencing provisions of this section apply to attempted robbery in the first degree as well as robbery in the first degree.

11 Del. C. 1953, § 832; 58 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 1; 59 Del. Laws, c. 547, § 6; 60 Del. Laws, c. 240, §§ 1, 2; 63 Del. Laws, c. 329, § 1; 67 Del. Laws, c. 130, §§ 8, 13; 68 Del. Laws, c. 129, § 5; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1; 73 Del. Laws, c. 126, § 9; 74 Del. Laws, c. 93, § 1; 74 Del. Laws, c. 106, § 6; 74 Del. Laws, c. 345, § 6.;

(a) A person is guilty of carjacking in the second degree when that person knowingly and unlawfully takes possession or control of a motor vehicle from another person or from the immediate presence of another person by coercion, duress or otherwise without the permission of the other person.

(b)(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2) of this subsection, carjacking in the second degree is a class E felony.

(2) Carjacking in the second degree is a class D felony if the elements of subsection (a) of this section are met and if, while in possession or control of the vehicle, the person:

a. Recklessly engages in conduct which creates a substantial risk of death or serious physical injury to another person; or

b. Compels a lawful occupant of the vehicle to leave the vehicle; or

c. Causes the vehicle to be operated recklessly.

(c) It is no defense to a prosecution under this section that the offender did not physically drive or operate the motor vehicle, nor is it a defense under this section that the offender did not intend to permanently deprive the owner or another person of the use of the vehicle.

(d) This section is not a related or included offense of § 831 or § 832 of this title. Nothing in this section shall be deemed to preclude prosecution under any other provision of this Code.

72 Del. Laws, c. 34, § 1.;

(a) A person is guilty of carjacking in the first degree when the person knowingly and unlawfully takes possession or control of a motor vehicle from another person or from the immediate presence of another person by coercion, duress or otherwise without the permission of the other person, and:

(1) While in possession or control of such vehicle the person commits or attempts to commit a class D or greater felony; or

(2) While in possession or control of such vehicle the person drives or operates the vehicle in violation of § 4177 of Title 21; or

(3) While in possession or control of such vehicle the person commits any offense set forth in Chapter 47 of Title 16; or

(4) While in possession or control of such vehicle or while in the course of taking or attempting to take possession or control of such vehicle the person displays what appears to be a deadly weapon or represents by word or conduct that the person is in possession or control of a deadly weapon.

(5) While in possession or control of such vehicle the person causes physical injury to another person; or

(6) The person from whom possession or control of the vehicle is taken, or an occupant or passenger of such vehicle, is 62 years of age or older or 14 years of age or younger.

(b) Carjacking in the first degree as defined in paragraphs (a)(1), (a)(2) and (a)(3) of this section is a class C felony. Carjacking in the first degree as defined in paragraphs (a)(4), (a)(5) and (a)(6) of this section is a class B felony.

(c) It is no defense to a prosecution under this section that the offender did not physically drive or operate the motor vehicle, nor is it a defense under this section that the offender did not intend to permanently deprive the owner or another person of the use of the vehicle.

(d) It is no defense to a prosecution under paragraph (a)(6) of this section, that the accused did not know the age of the person from whom possession or control of the vehicle is taken, or an occupant or passenger of such vehicle, or that the accused reasonably believed such person to be under the age of 62 or over the age of 14.

(e) For the purpose of any prosecution under paragraph (a)(5) of this section, it is unnecessary to prove the accused's state of mind with regard to causation of physical injury, notwithstanding the provisions of § 251 or § 252 of this title or any other statute to the contrary.

(f) This section is not a related or included offense of § 831 or § 832 of this title. Nothing in this section shall be deemed to preclude prosecution under any other provision of this Code.

72 Del. Laws, c. 34, § 2; 74 Del. Laws, c. 93, § 2.;

(a) "Another person" includes the owner of the vehicle or any operator, occupant, passenger of the vehicle or any other person who has an interest in the use of the vehicle which the offender is not privileged to infringe.

(b) "Motor vehicle" or "vehicle," in addition to its ordinary meaning, includes any watercraft.

72 Del. Laws, c. 34, § 3.;

(a) A person is guilty of shoplifting if, while in a mercantile establishment in which goods, wares or merchandise are displayed for sale, the person:

(1) Removes any such goods, wares or merchandise from the immediate use of display or from any other place within the establishment, with intent to appropriate the same to the use of the person so taking, or to deprive the owner of the use, the value or possession thereof without paying to the owner the value thereof; or

(2) Obtains possession of any goods, wares or merchandise by charging the same to any person without the authority of such person or to a fictitious person with a like intent; or

(3) Conceals any such goods, wares or merchandise with like intent; or

(4) Alters, removes or otherwise disfigures any label, price tag or marking upon any such goods, wares or merchandise with a like intent; or

(5) Transfers any goods, wares or merchandise from a container in which same shall be displayed or packaged to any other container with like intent; or

(6) Uses any instrument whatsoever, credit slips or chose in action to obtain any goods, wares or merchandise with intent to appropriate the same to the use of the person so taking or to deprive the owner of the use, the value or the possession thereof without paying to the owner the value thereof.

(b) Any person wilfully concealing unpurchased merchandise of any store or other mercantile establishment, inside or outside the premises of such store or other mercantile establishment, shall be presumed to have so concealed such merchandise with the intention of converting the same to the person's own use without paying the purchase price thereof within the meaning of subsection (a) of this section, and the finding of such merchandise concealed upon the person or among the belongings of such person, outside of such store or other mercantile establishment, shall be presumptive evidence of intentional concealment; and if such person conceals or causes to be concealed such merchandise upon the person or among the belongings of another, the finding of the same shall also be presumptive evidence of intentional concealment on the part of the person so concealing such merchandise.

(c) A merchant, a store supervisor, agent or employee of the merchant 18 years of age or older, who has probable cause for believing that a person has intentionally concealed unpurchased merchandise or has committed shoplifting as defined in subsection (a) of this section, may, for the purpose of summoning a law-enforcement officer, take the person into custody and detain the person in a reasonable manner on the premises for a reasonable time.

(d) A merchant, a store supervisor, agent or employee of the merchant 18 years of age or older who detains, or a merchant, a store supervisor, agent or employee of the merchant who causes or provides information leading to the arrest of any person under subsection (a), (b) or (c) of this section, shall not be held civilly or criminally liable for such detention or arrest provided they had, at the time of such detention or arrest, probable cause to believe that the person committed the crime of shoplifting as defined in subsection (a) of this section.

Shoplifting is a class G felony when the goods, wares or merchandise shoplifted are of the value of $1,500 or more, or when the goods, wares or merchandise shoplifted are from 3 or more separate mercantile establishments and were shoplifted in the same or continuing course of conduct and the aggregate value of the goods is $1,500 or more. When the goods, wares or merchandise shoplifted are of the value of less than $1,500, it is a class A misdemeanor.

11 Del. C. 1953, § 840; 58 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 1; 60 Del. Laws, c. 590, § 1; 61 Del. Laws, c. 35, § 1; 61 Del. Laws, c. 482, § 1; 65 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 2; 67 Del. Laws, c. 130, § 8; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1; 70 Del. Laws, c. 211, § 2; 72 Del. Laws, c. 222, § 1; 77 Del. Laws, c. 133, § 1.;

(a) A person who, with intent to cheat or defraud another, possesses, uses, transfers, makes, alters, counterfeits or reproduces a retail sales receipt or Universal Product Code Label is guilty of an offense under this section.

(b) A person convicted of violating this section shall be guilty of a class A misdemeanor, unless the person is convicted of possessing 15 or more illegitimate retail sales receipts or Universal Product Code Labels or the aggregate value of the money, property or services illegally obtained or credited to an account is $1,500 or more, in which case it is a class F felony.

73 Del. Laws, c. 31, § 1; 77 Del. Laws, c. 133, § 2.;

(a) A person is guilty of theft when the person takes, exercises control over or obtains property of another person intending to deprive that person of it or appropriate it. Theft includes the acts described in this section, as well as those described in §§ 841A-846 of this title.

(b) A person is guilty of theft if the person, in any capacity, legally receives, takes, exercises control over or obtains property of another which is the subject of theft, and fraudulently converts same to the person's own use.

(c)(1) Except where a victim is 62 years of age or older, or an "adult who is impaired" as defined in § 3902(2) of Title 31, or a "person with a disability" as defined in § 3901(a)(2) of Title 12, theft is a class A misdemeanor unless the value of the property received, retained or disposed of is $1,500 or more, in which case it is a class G felony.

(2) Where a victim is 62 years of age or older, or an "adult who is impaired" as defined in § 3902(2) of Title 31, or a "person with a disability" as defined in § 3901(a)(2) of Title 12, theft is a class G felony unless the value of the property received, retained or disposed of is $1,500 or more, in which case it is a class F felony.

(3) Notwithstanding paragraphs (c)(1) and (2) of this section:

a. Where the value of the property received, retained or disposed of is more than $50,000 but less than $100,000, theft is a class D felony;

b. Where the value of the property received, retained or disposed of is $100,000 or more, theft is a class B felony.

(d) Upon conviction, the sentencing judge shall require full restitution to the victim for any monetary losses suffered and shall consider the imposition of community service and/or an appropriate curfew for a minor.

11 Del. C. 1953, § 841; 58 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 1; 60 Del. Laws, c. 590, § 2; 65 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 3; 67 Del. Laws, c. 130, § 8; 69 Del. Laws, c. 315, § 1; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1; 70 Del. Laws, c. 209, § 1; 70 Del. Laws, c. 364, §§ 1, 2; 73 Del. Laws, c. 126, §§ 10, 11; 76 Del. Laws, c. 98, § 3; 77 Del. Laws, c. 133, § 3; 78 Del. Laws, c. 179, §§ 83-91, 371; 78 Del. Laws, c. 353, §§ 1, 2.;

(a) A person is guilty of theft of a motor vehicle when the person takes, exercises control over or obtains a motor vehicle of another person intending to deprive the other person of it or appropriate it.

(b) As used in this section "motor vehicle" means an automobile, motorcycle, van, truck, trailer, semitrailer, truck tractor and semitrailer combination, or any other vehicle which is self-propelled, which is designed to be operated primarily on a roadway as defined in § 101 of Title 21, and in, upon or by which any person or property is or may be transported. "Motor vehicle" as used in this section shall not include any device that is included within the definitions of "moped", "off-highway (OHV)", "triped", "motorized scooter or skateboard", "motorized wheelchair" or "electric personal assistive mobility device (EPAMD)" as defined in § 101 of Title 21.

(c) Theft of a motor vehicle is a class G felony.

75 Del. Laws, c. 290, § 1.;

(a) A person is guilty of "theft: organized retail crime" when the person takes, exercises control over, or obtains retail merchandise of another person intending to deprive that person of it, or receives stolen property in violation of § 851 of this title, in quantities that would not normally be purchased for personal use or consumption, with the intent to appropriate or to resell or reenter the merchandise into commerce.

(b) For purposes of this section, a series of organized retail crime thefts committed by a person or group of persons may be aggregated into 1 count or charge, with the sum of the value of all the retail merchandise being the value considered in determining the degree of theft: organized retail crime.

(c) In addition to the provisions of § 841(c) and (d) of this title, if a defendant has 2 or more times been convicted of theft: organized retail crime, the offense of theft: organized retail crime is a class E felony.

76 Del. Laws, c. 98, § 4.;

(a) A person in possession of a blank prescription form or pad who is not a practitioner as defined in this section shall be guilty of a class G felony. "Possession" in addition to its ordinary meaning, includes location on or about the defendant's person, premises, belongings, vehicle or otherwise within the defendant's reasonable control.

(b) A person is guilty of theft of a blank prescription form or pad when the person is not a practitioner as defined in this section and takes, exercises control over, obtains or receives, produces or reproduces any facsimile or counterfeit version of, or transfers, uses, gives, or sells any copies, facsimiles or counterfeit versions, a prescription form or pad of a practitioner with the intent to deprive the practitioner of the use thereof or to facilitate the commission of drug diversion.

(1) A "practitioner" means:

a. A physician, dentist, veterinarian, scientific investigator or other person licensed, registered or otherwise permitted to distribute, dispense, conduct research with respect to or to administer a controlled or noncontrolled substance in the course of professional practice or research in this State.

b. A pharmacy, hospital or other institution licensed, registered, or otherwise permitted to distribute, dispense, conduct research with respect to or to administer a controlled or noncontrolled substance in the course of professional practice or research in this State.

(2) Theft of a blank prescription form or pad is a class F felony.

77 Del. Laws, c. 161, § 1.;

A person commits theft when, with the intent prescribed in § 841 of this title, the person exercises control over property of another person which the person knows to have been lost or mislaid, or to have been delivered under a mistake as to the identity of the recipient or the nature or value of the property, without taking reasonable measures to return the property to its owner.

11 Del. C. 1953, § 842; 58 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 1; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1.;

A person commits theft when, with the intent prescribed in § 841 of this title, the person obtains property of another person by intentionally creating or reinforcing a false impression as to a present or past fact, or by preventing the other person from acquiring information which would adversely affect the other person's judgment of a transaction.

11 Del. C. 1953, § 843; 58 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 1; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1.;

A person commits theft when, with the intent prescribed in § 841 of this title, the person obtains property of another person by means of a representation, express or implied, that the person or a third person will in the future engage in particular conduct, and when the person does not intend to engage in such conduct or, as the case may be, does not believe the third person intends to engage in such conduct. The accused's intention or belief that a promise would not be performed may not be established by or inferred from the fact alone that the promise was not performed.

11 Del. C. 1953, § 844; 58 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 1; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1.;

(a) A person commits theft when, with the intent specified in § 841 of this title, the person obtains services which the person knows are available only for compensation by deception, threat, false token, false representation or statement or by installing, rearranging or tampering with any facility or equipment or by any other trick, contrivance or any other device to avoid payment for the services.

(b) In any prosecution for theft of services where services have been obtained from a public utility by the installation of, rearrangement of or tampering with any facility or equipment owned or used by the public utility to provide such services, without the consent or permission of the public utility, or by any other trick or contrivance, it shall be a rebuttable presumption that the person to whom the services are being furnished has created, caused or knows of the condition which is a violation of this section.

(c) A person who has obtained services from a public utility by installing, rearranging or tampering with any facility or equipment owned or used by the public utility to provide such services, or by any other trick or contrivance, is presumed to have done so with an intent to avoid, or to enable others to avoid, payment for the services involved.

(d) The rebuttable presumptions referred to in subsections (b) and (c) of this section shall not apply to any person to whom such services have been furnished for less than 31 days or until there has been at least 1 meter reading.

11 Del. C. 1953, § 845; 58 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 1; 61 Del. Laws, c. 227, §§ 1, 2; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1.;

A person commits extortion when, with the intent prescribed in § 841 of this title, the person compels or induces another person to deliver property to the person or to a third person by means of instilling in the victim a fear that, if the property is not so delivered, the defendant or another will:

(1) Cause physical injury to anyone; or

(2) Cause damage to property; or

(3) Engage in other conduct constituting a crime; or

(4) Accuse anyone of a crime or cause criminal charges to be instituted against anyone; or

(5) Expose a secret or publicize an asserted fact, whether true or false, tending to subject anyone to hatred, contempt or ridicule; or

(6) Falsely testify or provide information or withhold testimony or information with respect to another's legal claim or defense; or

(7) Use or abuse the defendant's position as a public servant by performing some act within or related to the defendant's official duties, or by failing or refusing to perform an official duty, in such manner as to affect some person adversely; or

(8) Perform any other act which is calculated to harm another person materially with respect to the person's health, safety, business, calling, career, financial condition, reputation or personal relationships.

Extortion is a class E felony, except where the victim is a person 62 years of age or older, in which case any violation of this section shall be a class D felony.

11 Del. C. 1953, § 846; 58 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 1; 67 Del. Laws, c. 130, § 8; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1; 73 Del. Laws, c. 126, § 12.;

(a) In any prosecution for theft or extortion it is an affirmative defense that the property was appropriated by the actor under a claim of right, made in good faith, to do substantially what the actor did in the manner in which it was done.

(b) In any prosecution for extortion where the facts are as described in § 846(4) of this title, it is an affirmative defense that the accused believed the threatened criminal charge to be true and that the accused's sole purpose was to compel or induce the victim to take reasonable action to make good the wrong which was the subject of the threatened charge.

11 Del. C. 1953, § 847; 58 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 1; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1.;

A person is guilty of misapplication of property when, knowingly possessing personal property of another pursuant to an agreement that it will be returned to the owner at a future time, the person sells, loans, leases, pledges, pawns or otherwise encumbers the property without the consent of the owner thereof in such a manner as to create a risk that the owner will be unable to recover it or will suffer pecuniary loss.

Misapplication of property is a class A misdemeanor, unless the value of the property received, retained or disposed of is $1,500 or more, in which case it is a class G felony.

11 Del. C. 1953, § 848; 58 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 1; 60 Del. Laws, c. 590, § 3; 65 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 4; 67 Del. Laws, c. 130, § 8; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1; 70 Del. Laws, c. 211, § 4; 77 Del. Laws, c. 133, § 4.;

(a) A person is guilty of theft of rental property if the person, with the intent specified in § 841 of this title, takes, destroys, converts, wrongfully withholds or appropriates by fraud, deception, threat, false token, false representation or statement, or by any trick, contrivance or other device to avoid payment for or to otherwise appropriate rental property entrusted to said person. For purposes of this section, "property" shall include the use of vehicles or other movable property.

(b) If the finder of fact shall find:

(1) That one who has leased or rented the personal property of another, failed to return or make arrangements acceptable to the rentor (lessor) to return the property to the rentor or the rentor's agent within 10 days after proper notice, following the expiration of the rental (lease) contract; and/or

(2) That one who has leased or rented the personal property of another and has returned such property, failed to make payment, at the agreed rental rate, for the full period which the property was rented or leased, except when said person has a good faith dispute with the owner of the rental property as to whether any payment, or additional payment, is due to the owner of the rental property; and/or

(3) That the rentee (lessee) presented identification to the rentor which was materially false, fictitious or not current with respect to name, address, place of employment or other appropriate items,

then the finder of fact shall be permitted, but not required, to presume intent to commit theft.

(c) As used in subsection (b) of this section, "proper notice" shall consist of a written demand by the rentor made after the expiration of the rental period mailed by certified or registered mail to the rentee at:

(1) The address the rentee gave when the rental contract was made; or

(2) The rentee's last known address if later furnished in writing by the rentee or the rentee's agent.

(d) The reasonable and fair market value of the property obtained shall be utilized in determining the amount involved in the theft.

(e) The following 3 factors, if established by the rentee by a preponderance of the evidence, shall constitute an affirmative defense to prosecution for theft, that the rentee:

(1) Accurately stated the rentee's name, address and other material items of identification at the time of the rental;

(2) Failed to receive the rentor's notice personally due in no significant part to the fault of the rentee; and

(3) Returned the personal property to the rentor or the rentor's agent within 48 hours of the commencement of the prosecution, together with any charges for the overdue period and the value of damages (if any) to the property.

Theft of rented property is a class A misdemeanor, unless the value of the property is $1,500 or more, in which case it is a class G felony.

69 Del. Laws, c. 110, § 1; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1; 70 Del. Laws, c. 211, § 5; 70 Del. Laws, c. 260, §§ 1-3; 77 Del. Laws, c. 133, § 5.;

(a) Prohibited acts — A person is guilty of a violation of this section if the person knowingly:

(1) Manufactures, assembles, distributes, possesses with intent to distribute, transfers, sells, promotes, offers or advertises for sale, use or distribution any unlawful telecommunication device or modifies, alters, programs or reprograms a telecommunication device:

a. For the unauthorized acquisition or theft of any telecommunication service or to receive, disrupt, transmit, decrypt, acquire or facilitate the receipt, disruption, transmission, decryption or acquisition of any telecommunication service without the express consent or express authorization of the telecommunication service provider; or

b. To conceal, or to assist another to conceal from any telecommunication service provider or from any lawful authority, the existence or place of origin or destination, or the originating and receiving telephone numbers, of any telecommunication under circumstances evincing an intent to use the same in the commission of any offense.

(2) Manufacturers, assembles, distributes, possesses with intent to distribute, transfers, sells, offers, promotes or advertises for sale, use or distribution any unlawful access device;

(3) Prepares, distributes, possesses with intent to distribute, sells, gives, transfers, offers, promotes or advertises for sale, use or distribution:

a. Plans or instructions for the manufacture or assembly of an unlawful telecommunication or access or device under circumstances evincing an intent to use or employ the unlawful telecommunication access device, or to allow the unlawful telecommunication or access device to be used, for a purpose prohibited by this section, or knowing or having reason to believe that the unlawful telecommunication or access device is intended to be so used, or that the plan or instruction is intended to be used for the manufacture of assembly of the unlawful telecommunication or access device; or

b. Material, including hardware, cables, tools, data, computer software or other information or equipment, knowing that the purchaser or a third person intends to use the material in the manufacture of an unlawful telecommunication or access device.

(b) Criminal penalties — (1) Except as provided for in paragraph (2) or (3) of this subsection, an offense under this section is an unclassified misdemeanor with a sentence up to 1 year incarceration at Level V, and a fine of up to $10,000 for all violations of this section.

(2) A person shall be guilty of a class F felony if:

a. The defendant has been convicted previously under this section or convicted of any similar crime in this or any Federal or other state jurisdiction; or

b. The violation of this section involves at least 10, but not more than 50, unlawful telecommunication or access devices.

(3) A person shall be guilty of a class D felony if:

a. The defendant has been convicted previously on 2 or more occasions for offenses under this section or for any similar crime in this or any federal or other state jurisdiction; or

b. The violation of this section involves more than 50 unlawful telecommunication or access devices.

(4) For purposes of grading an offense based upon a prior conviction under this section or for any similar crime pursuant to paragraphs (2)a. and (3)a. of this subsection, a prior conviction shall consist of convictions upon separate indictments or criminal complaints for offenses under this section or any similar crime in this or any federal or other state jurisdiction.

(5) As provided for in paragraphs (2)a. and (3)a. of this subsection, in grading an offense under this section based upon a prior conviction, the term "any similar crime" shall include, but not be limited to, offenses involving theft of service or fraud, including violations of the Cable Communications Policy Act of 1984 (Public Law 98-549, 98 Stat.2779).

(6) Separate offenses — For purposes of all criminal fines established for violations of this section, the prohibited activity established herein as it applies to each unlawful telecommunication or access device shall be deemed a separate offense.

(7) Fines — For purposes of imposing fines upon conviction of a defendant for an offense under this section, all fines shall be imposed for each unlawful telecommunication or access device involved in the violation.

(8) Restitution — The court shall, in addition to any other sentence authorized by law, sentence a person convicted of violating this section to make restitution in the manner provided in § 4106 of this title.

(9) Forfeiture of unlawful telecommunication or access devices — Upon conviction of a defendant under this section, the court may, in addition to any other sentence authorized by law, direct that the defendant forfeit any unlawful telecommunication or access devices in the defendant's possession or control which were involved in the violation for which the defendant was convicted.

(c) Venue — An offense under this section may be deemed to have been committed at either the place where the defendant manufactures or assembles an unlawful telecommunication or access device, or assists others in doing so, or the places where the unlawful telecommunication or access device is sold or delivered to a purchaser or recipient. It shall be no defense to a violation of this section that some of the acts constituting the offense occurred outside of this State.

(d) Civil action — (1) Any person aggrieved by a violation of this section may bring a civil action in any court of competent jurisdiction.

(2) The court may:

a. Grant preliminary and final injunctions to prevent or restrain violations of this section;

b. At any time while an action is pending, order the impounding, on such terms as it deems reasonable, of any unlawful telecommunication or access device that is in the custody or control of the violator and that the court has reasonable cause to believe was involved in the alleged violation of this section;

c. Award damages as described in paragraph (3) of this subsection;

d. In its discretion, award reasonable attorney fees and costs, including, but not limited to, costs for investigation, testing and expert witness fees, to an aggrieved party who prevails; and

e. As part of a final judgment or decree finding a violation of this section, order the remedial modification or destruction of any unlawful telecommunication or access device involved in the violation that is in the custody or control of the violator or has been impounded under subsection (b) of this section.

(3) Types of damages recoverable — Damages awarded by a court under this section shall be computed as either of the following:

a. Upon the complaining party's election of such damages at any time before final judgment is entered, the complaining party may recover the actual damages suffered by the complaining party as a result of the violation of this section and any profits of the violator that are attributable to the violation and are not taken into account in computing the actual damages. In determining the violator's profits, the complaining party shall be required to prove only the violator's gross revenue, and the violator shall be required to prove the violator's own deductible expenses and the elements of profit attributable to factors other than the violation; or

b. Upon election by the complaining party at any time before final judgment is entered, that party may recover in lieu of actual damages an award of statutory damages of between $250 to $10,000 for each unlawful telecommunication or access device involved in the action, with the amount of statutory damages to be determined by the court as the court considers just. In any case where the court finds that any of the violations of this section were committed wilfully and for purposes of commercial advantage or private financial gain, the court in its discretion may increase the award of statutory damages by an amount of not more than $50,000 for each unlawful telecommunication or access device involved in the action.

(4) For purposes of all civil remedies established for violations of this section, the prohibited activity established in this section applies to each unlawful telecommunication or access device and shall be deemed a separate violation.

(e) Definitions — As used in this section, the following words and phrases shall have the meanings given to them in this subsection.

(1) "Manufacture or assembly of any unlawful access device" — To make, produce or assemble an unlawful access device or modify, alter, program or reprogram any instrument, device, machine, equipment, technology or software so that it is capable of defeating or circumventing any technology, device or software used by the provider, owner or licensee of a telecommunication service, or of any data, audio or video programs or transmissions, to protect any such telecommunication, data, audio or video services, programs or transmissions from unauthorized receipt, acquisition, access, decryption, disclosure, communication, transmission or retransmission, or to knowingly assist others in those activities.

(2) "Manufacture or assembly of unlawful telecommunications device" — To make, produce or assemble an unlawful telecommunication device or to modify, alter, program or reprogram a telecommunication device to be capable of acquiring, disrupting, receiving, transmitting, decrypting or facilitating the acquisition, disruption, receipt, transmission or decryption of a telecommunication service without the express consent or express authorization of the telecommunication service provider, or to knowingly assist others in those activities.

(3) "Telecommunications device" — Any type of instrument, device, machine, equipment, technology or software which is capable of transmitting, acquiring, decrypting or receiving any telephonic, electronic, data, Internet access, audio, video, microwave or radio transmissions, signals, communications or services, including the receipt, acquisition, transmission or decryption of all such communications, transmissions, signals or services provided by or through any cable television, fiber optic, telephone, satellite, microwave, data transmission, radio, Internet-based or wireless distribution network, system or facility, or any part, accessory or components thereof, including any computer circuit, security module, smart card, software, computer chip, electronic mechanism or other component, accessory or part of any telecommunication device which is capable of facilitating the transmission, decryption, acquisition or reception of all such communications, transmissions, signals or services.

(4) "Telecommunication service" — Any service provided for a charge or compensation to facilitate the origination, transmission, emission or reception of signs, signals, data, writing, images and sounds or intelligence of any nature by telephone, including cellular telephones, wire, wireless, radio, electromagnetic, photelectronic or photo-optical system, network, facility or technology; and any service provided by any radio, telephone, fiber optic, cable television, satellite, microwave, data transmission, wireless or Internet-based distribution system, network, facility or technology, including, but not limited to, any and all electronic, data, video, audio, Internet access, telephonic, microwave and radio communications, transmissions, signals and services, and any such communications, transmissions, signals and services provided directly or indirectly by or through any of the aforementioned systems, networks, facilities or technologies.

(5) "Telecommunication service provider" — a. A person or entity providing a telecommunication service, whether directly or indirectly as a reseller, including, but not limited to, a cellular, paging or other wireless communications company or other person or entity which, for a fee, supplies the facility, cell site, mobile telephone switching office or other equipment or telecommunication service;

b. Any person or entity owning or operating any cable television, satellite, Internet-based, telephone, wireless, microwave, data transmission or radio distribution system, network or facility; and

c. Any person or entity providing any telecommunication service directly or indirectly by or through any such distribution systems, networks or facilities.

(6) "Unlawful access device" — Any type of instrument, device, machine, equipment, technology or software which is primarily designed, assembled, manufactured, sold, distributed, possessed, used or offered, promoted or advertised for the purpose of defeating or circumventing any technology, device or software, or any component or part thereof, used by the provider, owner or licensee of any telecommunication service or of any data, audio or video programs or transmissions, to protect any such telecommunication, data, audio or video services, programs or transmissions from unauthorized receipt, acquisition, access, decryption, disclosure, communication, transmission or retransmission.

(7) "Unlawful telecommunication device" — Any electronic serial number, mobile identification number, personal identification number or any telecommunication device that is capable of acquiring or facilitating the acquisition of a telecommunication service without the express consent or express authorization of the telecommunication service provider, or that has been altered, modified, programmed or reprogrammed alone or in conjunction with another telecommunication device or other equipment to so acquire or facilitate the unauthorized acquisition of a telecommunication service. "Unlawful telecommunication device" also means:

a. Phones altered to obtain service without the express consent or express authorization of the telecommunication service provider, tumbler phones, counterfeit or clone phones, tumbler microchips, counterfeit or clone microchips, and other instruments capable of disguising their identity or location or of gaining unauthorized access to a telecommunications system, network or facility operated by a telecommunication service provider; and

b. Any telecommunication device which is capable of, or has been altered, designed, modified, programmed or reprogrammed, alone or in conjunction with another telecommunication device, so as to be capable of facilitating the disruption, acquisition, receipt, transmission or decryption of a telecommunication service without the express consent or express authorization of the telecommunication service provider, including, but not limited to, any device, technology, product, service, equipment, computer software, or component or part thereof, primarily distributed, sold, designed, assembled, manufactured, modified, programmed, reprogrammed or used for the purpose of providing the unauthorized receipt of, transmission of, disruption of, decryption of, access to, or acquisition of any telecommunication service provided by any telecommunication service provider.

11 Del. C. 1953, § 850; 58 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 1; 59 Del. Laws, c. 203, § 21; 67 Del. Laws, c. 130, § 8; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1; 70 Del. Laws, c. 475, § 1; 73 Del. Laws, c. 106, § 1.;

A person is guilty of receiving stolen property if the person intentionally receives, retains or disposes of property of another person with intent to deprive the owner of it or to appropriate it, knowing that it has been acquired under circumstances amounting to theft, or believing that it has been so acquired.

Receiving stolen property is a class A misdemeanor unless the value of the property received, retained or disposed of is $1,500 or more, or unless the receiver has twice before been convicted of receiving stolen property, in which case it is a class G felony.

11 Del. C. 1953, § 851; 58 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 1; 60 Del. Laws, c. 590, § 4; 65 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 5; 67 Del. Laws, c. 130, § 8; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1; 70 Del. Laws, c. 211, § 6; 77 Del. Laws, c. 133, § 6.;

Knowledge that property has been acquired under circumstances amounting to theft may be presumed in the case of a person who acquires it for a consideration which the person knows is substantially below its reasonable value, or that a person possesses property whose affixed identification or serial number is altered, removed, defaced or falsified. In addition, knowledge that property has been acquired under circumstances amounting to theft shall be presumed in the case of a person or dealer who acquires it for a consideration, when such property consists of traffic signs, other traffic control devices or historical markers and the acquisition is not accompanied by a written authorization for the property's disposition from the Department of Transportation, Department of State or other entity which owns the property.

11 Del. C. 1953, § 852; 58 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 1; 59 Del. Laws, c. 203, § 27; 67 Del. Laws, c. 238, § 1; 69 Del. Laws, c. 408, § 1; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1.;

A person is guilty of selling stolen property if, after the person receives stolen property pursuant to § 851 of this title, the person sells some or all of the stolen property received. A person may be convicted of both receiving stolen property and selling stolen property. Selling stolen property is a class A misdemeanor, unless the value of the resold property is $1,500 or more, or unless the seller has been convicted 2 or more times of selling stolen property, in which cases it is a class G felony.

76 Del. Laws, c. 147, § 1; 77 Del. Laws, c. 133, § 7.;

A person is guilty of unauthorized use of a vehicle when:

(1) Knowing that the person does not have the consent of the owner the person takes, operates, exercises control over, rides in or otherwise uses a vehicle;

(2) Having custody of a vehicle pursuant to an agreement between the person or another and the owner thereof whereby the person or another is to perform for compensation a specific service for the owner involving the maintenance, repair or use of the vehicle, the person intentionally uses or operates it, without the consent of the owner, for the person's own purposes in a manner constituting a gross deviation from the agreed purpose;

(3) Having custody of a vehicle pursuant to an agreement with its owner whereby it is to be returned to the owner at a specified time, the person intentionally retains or withholds possession thereof, without the consent of the owner, for so lengthy a period beyond the specified time as to render the retention or possession a gross deviation from the agreement; or

(4) Such person obtains possession or control over a vehicle, knowing of the existence of a creditor or creditors who are entitled to receive payments on a debt where such vehicle is the only security or represents the major portion of the creditor's security, and such person transfers or purports to transfer the vehicle and responsibility for making payments on such vehicle to a 3rd party, whether or not such 3rd party continues or resumes payment to the creditor or creditors.

Unauthorized use of a vehicle is a class A misdemeanor.

11 Del. C. 1953, § 853; 58 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 1; 67 Del. Laws, c. 130, § 8; 68 Del. Laws, c. 333, §§ 1, 2; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1.;

(a) A person commits identity theft when the person knowingly or recklessly obtains, produces, possesses, uses, sells, gives or transfers personal identifying information belonging or pertaining to another person without the consent of the other person and with intent to use the information to commit or facilitate any crime set forth in this title.

(b) A person commits identity theft when the person knowingly or recklessly obtains, produces, possesses, uses, sells, gives or transfers personal identifying information belonging or pertaining to another person without the consent of the other person, thereby knowingly or recklessly facilitating the use of the information by a third person to commit or facilitate any crime set forth in this title.

(c) For the purposes of this section, "personal identifying information" includes name, address, birth date, Social Security number, driver's license number, telephone number, financial services account number, savings account number, checking account number, payment card number, identification document or false identification document, electronic identification number, educational record, health care record, financial record, credit record, employment record, e-mail address, computer system password, mother's maiden name or similar personal number, record or information.

(d) Identity theft is a class D felony.

(e) When a person is convicted of or pleads guilty to identity theft, the sentencing judge shall order full restitution for monetary loss, including documented loss of wages and reasonable attorney fees, suffered by the victim.

(f) Prosecution under this section does not preclude prosecution or sentencing under any other section of this Code.

72 Del. Laws, c. 297, § 1; 74 Del. Laws, c. 425, § 1; 79 Del. Laws, c. 260, § 7.;

(a) The Office of the Attorney General, in cooperation with any law enforcement agency, may issue an identity theft passport to a person who is a victim of identity theft in this State and who has filed a police report citing that such person is a victim of a violation of § 854 of this title. A person who has filed with a law enforcement agency a police report alleging identity theft may apply for an identity theft passport through any law enforcement agency. The agency shall send a copy of the application and the supporting police report to the Office of the Attorney General. After processing the application and police report, the Office of the Attorney General may issue to the victim an identity theft passport in the form of a card or certificate which may include photo identification.

(b) A victim of identity theft may present that victim's identity theft passport issued under subsection (a) of this section to the following:

(1) A law enforcement agency to help prevent the victim's arrest or detention for an offense committed by someone other than the victim who is using the victim's identity;

(2) Any of the victim's creditors to aid in a creditor's investigation and establishment of whether fraudulent charges were made against accounts in the victim's name or whether accounts were opened using the victim's identity;

(3) A consumer reporting agency, as defined in § 603(f) of the federal Fair Credit Reporting Act (15 U.S.C. § 1681a(f)), which must accept the passport as an official notice of a dispute and must include notice of the dispute in all future reports that contain disputed information caused by the identity theft.

(c) Acceptance or rejection of an identity theft passport presented by the victim to a law enforcement agency or creditor pursuant to paragraph (b)(1) or (2) of this section is at the discretion of the law enforcement agency or creditor. In making a decision for acceptance or rejection, a law enforcement agency or creditor may consider the surrounding circumstances and available information regarding the offense of identity theft pertaining to the victim.

(d) An application made with the Office of the Attorney General pursuant to subsection (a) of this section, including any supporting documentation, is confidential criminal justice information, is not a public record, and is specifically exempted from public disclosure under the Freedom of Information Act, Chapter 100 of Title 29. However, the Office of the Attorney General may provide access to applications and supporting documentation filed pursuant to this section to other criminal justice agencies in this or another State.

(e) The Office of the Attorney General shall adopt regulations to implement this section. The regulations must include a procedure by which the Office of the Attorney General is reasonably assured that an identity theft passport applicant has an identity theft claim that is legitimate and adequately substantiated.

75 Del. Laws, c. 338, § 1; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1.;

(a) Every prosecution for theft shall be based upon § 841 of this title.

(b) The defendant may be found guilty of theft if the defendant's conduct falls within any of the sections defining theft. Proof of any conduct constituting theft is sufficient to support an indictment or information charging theft, provided that the conduct proved is sufficiently related to the conduct charged that the accused is not unfairly surprised by the case the accused must meet.

(c) When theft or any related offense is committed in violation of this title pursuant to 1 scheme or continuous course of conduct, whether from the same or several sources, the conduct may be considered as 1 offense and the value of the property or services aggregated in determining whether the theft is a felony or misdemeanor. For purposes of this subsection, related offenses shall include, but are not limited to, violations of §§ 861, 900 and 903 of this title.

11 Del. C. 1953, § 855; 58 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 1; 66 Del. Laws, c. 251, § 1; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1.;

(a) In any prosecution for theft or theft of a firearm, it is no defense that the accused is in fact guilty of receiving stolen property or receiving a stolen firearm. A person may be convicted of the crime which the person has in fact committed.

(b) In any prosecution for receiving stolen property or receiving a stolen firearm, it is no defense that the accused is in fact guilty of theft or theft of a firearm. A person may be convicted of the crime which the person has in fact committed.

(c) A person may not be convicted of both theft and receiving stolen property, or both theft of a firearm and receiving a stolen firearm, with regard to property appropriated in the same transaction or series of transactions. A person may be charged with the crime the person seems most likely to have committed and may be convicted as provided in subsections (a) and (b) of this section.

11 Del. C. 1953, § 856; 58 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 1; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1; 71 Del. Laws, c. 260, §§ 1-3.;

For purposes of §§ 841-856, 1450 and 1451 of this title:

(1) "Appropriate" means to exercise control, or to aid a third person to exercise control, over property of another person permanently or for so extended a period or under such circumstances as to acquire a major portion of its economic value or benefit, or to dispose of property for the benefit of the actor or a third person.

(2) "Dealer" means a person in the business of buying, selling or lending on the security of goods.

(3) "Deprive" means to withhold property of another person permanently or for so extended a period or under such circumstances as to withhold a major portion of its economic value or benefit, or with intent to restore it only upon payment of a reward or other compensation, or to dispose of property of another person so as to make it unlikely that the owner will recover it.

(4) "Obtain" means to bring about or receive a transfer or purported transfer of any interest in property, whether to the defendant or to another person.

(5) "Owner" means a person who has an interest in property which the defendant is not privileged to infringe, as described in paragraph (5) of this section.

(6) "Property" means anything of value except land, and includes things growing on, affixed to or found in land such as topsoil, sand, minerals, gravel and the like, documents although the rights represented thereby have no physical location, contract rights, trade secrets, choses in action and other interests in or claims to admission or transportation tickets, captured or domestic animals, food, drink and electric or other power.

(7) "Property of another person" includes property in which any person other than the defendant has an interest which the defendant is not privileged to infringe, regardless of the fact that the defendant also has an interest in the property and regardless of the fact that the other person might be precluded from civil recovery because the property was used in an unlawful transaction or was subject to forfeiture as contraband. Property in possession of the actor shall not be deemed property of another who has only a security interest therein, even if legal title is in the creditor pursuant to a conditional sales contract or other security agreement.

(8) "Services" include labor, professional service, transportation, telephone, gas, electricity or other public service, accommodation in hotels, restaurants or elsewhere, admission to exhibitions and use of vehicles or other movable property.

(9) "Trade secret" shall mean "trade secret" as defined in § 2001 of Title 6.

11 Del. C. 1953, § 857; 58 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 1; 63 Del. Laws, c. 218, §§ 2, 3; 64 Del. Laws, c. 134, § 1.;

(a)(1) Any person who knowingly operates the audiovisual recording function of any device in a motion picture theater while the motion picture is being exhibited, for the purpose of distributing or transmitting a still photographic image of the motion picture, without the consent of the motion picture theater owner, is guilty of a class B misdemeanor.

(2) Any person who knowingly operates the audiovisual recording function of any device in a motion picture theater for the purpose of recording a motion picture, while the motion picture is being exhibited, without the consent of the motion picture theater owner, is guilty of a is guilty of a class A misdemeanor which not withstanding any law to the contrary, may also include a fine of up to $50,000.

(b) The term "audiovisual recording function" means the capability of a device to record or transmit a motion picture or any part thereof by means of any technology now known or later developed.

(c) The term "motion picture theater" means a movie theater, screening room, or other public venue that is being utilized primarily for the exhibition of a motion picture at the time of the offense.

(d) A motion picture theater owner, a supervisor, agent or employee, 18 years of age or older, who has probable cause to believe that a person has recorded or transmitted a substantial portion of a motion picture and has intentionally violated paragraph (a)(2) of this section, may, for the purpose of summoning a law enforcement officer, take the person into custody and detain the person in a reasonable manner on the premises for a reasonable time.

(e) A motion picture theater owner, a supervisor, agent or employee, 18 years of age or older who detains a person pursuant to subsection (d) of this section, or who causes or provides information leading to the arrest of any person under subsection (a) of this section, shall not be held civilly or criminally liable for such detention or arrest provided they had, at the time of such detention or arrest, probable cause to believe that the person committed a crime defined in subsection (a) of this section.

(f) A motion picture theater owner, a supervisor, agent or employee, 18 years of age or older, who has probable cause to believe that a person has committed a crime defined in subsection (a) of this section may eject such person from the premises and shall not be held civilly or criminally liable for such ejection.

(g) This section does not prevent any lawfully authorized investigative, law enforcement protective, or intelligence gathering employee or agent, of the local, state or federal government, from operating any audiovisual recording device in a motion picture theater, as part of lawfully authorized investigative, protective, law enforcement, or intelligence gathering activities.

75 Del. Laws, c. 316, § 1.;

(a) Whoever feloniously steals, takes and carries away any cow, steer, bull, calf, heifer or swine is guilty of larceny and a class G felony.

(b) The minimum sentence of imprisonment required by subsection (a) of this section shall not be subject to suspension and no person convicted under this section shall be eligible for probation or parole during the first 6 months of the sentence.

11 Del. C. 1953, § 859; 59 Del. Laws, c. 60, § 1; 67 Del. Laws, c. 130, § 8; 67 Del. Laws, c. 350, § 7; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1.;

(a) A person is guilty of possession of shoplifter's tools or instruments facilitating theft when the person possesses any tool, instrument or other thing adapted, designed or commonly used for committing or facilitating:

(1) Offenses involving shoplifting; or

(2) Offenses involving the overriding, disabling or evading of a security device without authorization.

(3) [Deleted.]

(b) "Security device" includes any lock, whether mechanical or electronic, or any warning device designed to alert a person or the general public of a possible attempt to shoplift any goods, wares or merchandise that are displayed for sale. "Security device" specifically includes, but is not limited to, any electronic or other device that is attached or affixed to any goods, wares or merchandise on display for sale in a mercantile establishment.

(c) A person possesses shoplifting tools or instruments facilitating theft "under circumstances evincing an attempt to use or knowledge that some other person intends to use such" when the person possesses the tools or instruments at a time and a place proximate to the commission or attempt to commit a shoplifting offense or otherwise under circumstances not manifestly appropriate for what lawful uses the tools or instruments may have.

(d) Possession of shoplifters tools or instruments facilitating theft is a class F felony.

72 Del. Laws, c. 222, § 2; 75 Del. Laws, c. 162, § 2.;

(a) A person is guilty of forgery when, intending to defraud, deceive or injure another person, or knowing that the person is facilitating a fraud or injury to be perpetrated by anyone, the person:

(1) Alters any written instrument of another person without the other person's authority; or

(2) Makes, completes, executes, authenticates, issues or transfers any written instrument which purports to be the act of another person, whether real or fictitious, who did not authorize that act, or to have been executed at a time or place or in a numbered sequence other than was in fact the case or to be a copy of an original when no original existed; or

(3) Possesses a written instrument, knowing that it was made, completed or altered under circumstances constituting forgery.

(b) Forgery is classified and punished as follows:

(1) Forgery is forgery in the first degree if the written instrument is or purports to be:

a. Part of an issue of money, stamps, securities or other valuable instruments issued by a government or a governmental instrumentality; or

b. Part of an issue of stock, bonds or other instruments representing interests in or claims against a corporation, business enterprise or other organization or its property.

Forgery in the first degree is a class F felony.

(2) Forgery is forgery in the second degree if the written instrument is or purports to be:

a. A deed, will, codicil, contract, release, assignment, commercial instrument, check or other instrument which does or may evidence, create, transfer, terminate or otherwise affect a legal right, interest, obligation or status; or

b. A public record, or an instrument filed or required to be filed in or with a public office or public servant; or

c. A written instrument officially issued or created by a public office, public servant or governmental instrumentality; or

d. Part of an issue of tokens, tickets, public transportation transfers, certificates or other articles manufactured and designed for use as symbols of value usable in place of money for the purchase of property or services; or

e. A prescription of a duly licensed physician or other person authorized to issue the same for any drug or any instrument or device for which a prescription is required by law.

Forgery in the second degree is a class G felony.

(3) All other forgery is forgery in the third degree, a class A misdemeanor.

(c) In addition to any other penalty provided by law for violation of this section, the court shall require a person convicted of a violation of this section to make restitution to the party or parties who suffered loss as a result of such forgery.

11 Del. C. 1953, § 861; 58 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 1; 62 Del. Laws, c. 241, § 1; 67 Del. Laws, c. 130, § 8; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1.;

A person is guilty of possession of forgery devices when:

(1) The person makes or possesses with knowledge of its character and intending to use it unlawfully any plate, die or other device, apparatus, equipment or article specifically designed for use in counterfeiting or otherwise forging written instruments; or

(2) The person makes or possesses any device, apparatus, equipment or article capable of or adaptable to use for purposes of forgery, intending to use it unlawfully.

Possession of forgery devices is a class G felony.

11 Del. C. 1953, § 862; 58 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 1; 59 Del. Laws, c. 203, § 22; 67 Del. Laws, c. 130, § 8; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1.;

"Written instrument" means any instrument or article containing written or printed matter or the equivalent thereof, used for the purpose of reciting, embodying, conveying or recording information or constituting a symbol or evidence of value, right, privilege or identification.

11 Del. C. 1953, § 863; 58 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 1.;

A person is guilty of falsifying business records when, with intent to defraud, the person:

(1) Makes or causes a false entry in the business records of an enterprise; or

(2) Alters, erases, obliterates, deletes, removes or destroys a true entry in the business records of an enterprise; or

(3) Omits to make a true entry in the business records of an enterprise in violation of a duty to do so which the person knows to be imposed by law or by the nature of the person's position; or

(4) Prevents the making of a true entry or causes the omission thereof in the business records of an enterprise.

Falsifying business records is a class A misdemeanor.

11 Del. C. 1953, § 871; 58 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 1; 67 Del. Laws, c. 130, § 8; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1.;

In any prosecution for falsifying business records it is an affirmative defense that the defendant was a clerk, bookkeeper or other employee who, without personal benefit, merely executed the orders of the employer or of a superior officer or employee generally authorized to direct the defendant's activities.

11 Del. C. 1953, § 872; 58 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 1; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1.;

A person is guilty of tampering with public records in the second degree when, knowing that the person does not have the authority of anyone entitled to grant it, the person knowingly removes, mutilates, destroys, conceals, makes a false entry in or falsely alters any record or other written instrument filed with, deposited in or otherwise constituting a record of a public office or public servant.

Tampering with public records in the second degree is a class A misdemeanor.

11 Del. C. 1953, § 873; 58 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 1; 67 Del. Laws, c. 130, § 8; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1.;

A person is guilty of tampering with public records in the first degree when, with intent to defraud, and knowing that the person does not have the authority of anyone entitled to grant it, the person knowingly removes, mutilates, destroys, conceals, makes a false entry in or falsely alters any record or other written instrument filed with, deposited in or otherwise constituting a record of a public office or public servant.

Tampering with public records in the first degree is a class E felony.

11 Del. C. 1953, § 876; 58 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 1; 67 Del. Laws, c. 130, § 8; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1.;

A person is guilty of offering a false instrument for filing when, knowing that a written instrument contains a false statement or false information, and intending to defraud the State, a political subdivision thereof or another person, the person offers or presents it to a public office or a public servant with the knowledge or belief that it will be filed with, registered or recorded in or otherwise become a part of the records of the public office or public servant.

Offering a false instrument for filing is a class A misdemeanor.

11 Del. C. 1953, § 877; 58 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 1; 67 Del. Laws, c. 130, § 8; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1.;

A person is guilty of issuing a false certificate when, being a public servant authorized by law to make or issue official certificates or other official written instruments, and with intent to defraud, deceive or injure another person, the person issues such an instrument, or makes the same with intent that it be issued, knowing that it contains a false statement or false information.

Issuing a false certificate is a class G felony.

11 Del. C. 1953, § 878; 58 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 1; 67 Del. Laws, c. 130, § 8; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1.;

A person is guilty of bribing when:

(1) The person offers, confers or agrees to confer any benefit upon any employee, agent or fiduciary without the consent of the latter's employer or principal, with intent to influence the latter to take some action with regard to the latter's employer's or principal's affairs which would not be warranted upon reasonable consideration of the factors which that person should have taken into account; or

(2) The person offers, confers or agrees to confer any benefit upon duly appointed representative of a labor organization or duly appointed trustee or representative of an employee welfare trust fund, with intent to influence the latter in respect to any of that person's acts, decisions or duties as a representative or trustee; or

(3) The person offers, confers or agrees to confer any benefit upon a participant in a sports contest, with intent to influence that the participant not to give the best effort in a sports contest; or

(4) The person offers, confers or agrees to confer any benefit upon an official in a sports contest, with intent to influence the official to perform duties improperly.

Bribing is a class A misdemeanor.

11 Del. C. 1953, § 881; 58 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 1; 67 Del. Laws, c. 130, § 8; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1.;

A person is guilty of bribe receiving if:

Being an employee, agent or fiduciary and, without the consent of the employer or principal, the person solicits, accepts or agrees to accept any benefit from another person upon an agreement or understanding that the benefit will influence the person to take some action with regard to the employer's or principal's affairs which would not be warranted upon reasonable consideration of the factors which the person should have taken into account; or

Being a duly appointed representative of a labor organization or a duly appointed trustee or representative of an employee welfare trust fund, the person solicits, accepts or agrees to accept any benefit from another person upon an agreement or understanding that the benefit will influence the person in respect to any of the person's acts, decisions or duties as representative or trustee; or

Being a participant in a sports contest, the person solicits, accepts or agrees to accept any benefit from another person upon an agreement or understanding that the person will thereby be influenced not to give the best effort in a sports contest; or

Being an official in a sports contest, the person solicits, accepts or agrees to accept any benefit from another person upon an agreement or understanding that the person will perform duties improperly.

Bribe receiving is a class A misdemeanor.

11 Del. C. 1953, § 882; 58 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 1; 67 Del. Laws, c. 130, § 8; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1.;

A person is guilty of defrauding secured creditors if the person destroys, removes, conceals, encumbers, transfers or otherwise deals with property subject to a security interest, intending to defeat enforcement of that interest.

Defrauding secured creditors is a class A misdemeanor.

11 Del. C. 1953, § 891; 58 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 1; 67 Del. Laws, c. 130, § 8; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1.;

A person is guilty of fraud in insolvency when, with intent to defraud any creditor and knowing that a receiver or other person entitled to administer property for the benefit of creditors has been appointed, or that any other composition or liquidation for the benefit of creditors has been made, the person:

(1) Conveys, transfers, removes, conceals, destroys, encumbers or otherwise disposes of any part of or any interest in the debtor's estate; or

(2) Obtains any substantial part of or interest in the debtor's estate; or

(3) Presents to any creditor or to the receiver or administrator any writing or record relating to the debtor's estate knowing the same to contain a false material statement; or

(4) Misrepresents or fails or refuses to disclose to the receiver or administrator the existence, amount or location of any part of or any interest in the debtor's estate, or any other information which the person is legally required to furnish to the administrator.

Fraud in insolvency is a class A misdemeanor.

11 Del. C. 1953, § 892; 58 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 1; 67 Del. Laws, c. 130, § 8; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1.;

A person is guilty of interference with levied-upon property when the person hides, destroys or removes from the county in which it is situated when levied upon or seized any property which the person knows has been levied upon or seized under execution, attachment process or distress for rent.

Interference with levied-upon property is a class A misdemeanor.

11 Del. C. 1953, § 893; 58 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 1; 67 Del. Laws, c. 130, § 8; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1.;

(a) A person is guilty of issuing a bad check when the person issues or passes a check knowing that it will not be honored by the drawee. For the purpose of this section, as well as in any prosecution for theft committed by means of a bad check, it is prima facie evidence of knowledge that the check (other than a postdated check) would not be honored that:

(1) The issuer had no account with the drawee at the time the check was issued; or

(2) Payment was refused by the drawee upon presentation because the issuer had insufficient funds or credit, and the issuer failed to make good within 10 days after receiving notice of that refusal.

Issuing a bad check is a class A misdemeanor unless the amount of the check is $1,500 or more, in which case it is a class G felony.

(b) The failure of any business or other commercial entity, prior to the completion of a transaction (other than a transaction by mail) for which a check is accepted in person by the payee as consideration for goods or services provided by the payee, to (1) request and inspect the person's valid driver's license or other photo identification card, which lists the person's name, address, date of birth and approximate height and weight, to validate the identity of the person presenting the check; and (2) record on the check being presented the person's name, driver's license number, if such person has a driver's license, date of birth and address, may result in the refusal of a law enforcement agency to investigate violations of subsection (a) of this section.

11 Del. C. 1953, § 900; 58 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 1; 64 Del. Laws, c. 125, § 1; 65 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 6; 67 Del. Laws, c. 130, § 8; 70 Del. Laws, c. 211, § 7; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1; 70 Del. Laws, c. 501, § 1; 77 Del. Laws, c. 133, § 8.;

(a) Whenever any person who has not previously been convicted of issuing or passing a bad check under § 900 of this title or under any statute of the United States or of any state relating to the issuing or passing of bad checks pleads guilty to issuing or passing a bad check in violation of § 900 of this title in an amount under $1,500 at the time of arraignment, the court without entering a judgment of guilt and with the consent of the accused may defer further proceedings and place the accused on probation upon terms and conditions, which terms and conditions shall include payment of full restitution in the amount of the check plus any reasonable service fee in connection therewith to the victim of the offense and payment to the State of any court costs associated with the offense. Upon violation of a term or condition, the court may enter an adjudication of guilt and proceed as otherwise provided.

(b) Upon fulfillment of the terms and conditions, the court shall discharge the person and dismiss the proceedings against the person and shall simultaneously with said discharge and dismissal submit to the State Bureau of Identification pursuant to Chapter 85 of this title the disposition specifying the name of the person and the nature of the proceedings which dispositional information shall be retained by the State Bureau of Identification in accordance with its standard operating procedures.

(c) Discharge and dismissal under this section shall be without adjudication of guilt and is not a conviction for purposes of disqualifications or disabilities imposed by law upon conviction of a crime. There may be only 1 discharge and dismissal under this section with respect to any person and no person who is charged with multiple violations of § 900 of this title is eligible for treatment as a first offender under this section.

66 Del. Laws, c. 252, § 1; 70 Del. Laws, c. 211, § 8; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1; 77 Del. Laws, c. 133, § 9.;

(a) "Issues." — A person issues a check when, as drawer thereof or as a person who signs a check as drawer in a representative capacity or as agent of the person whose name appears thereon as the principal drawer or obligor, the person delivers it or causes it to be delivered to a person who thereby acquires a right against the drawer with respect to the check. One who draws a check with intent that it be so delivered is deemed to have issued it if the delivery occurs.

(b) "Passes." — A person passes a check when, being a payee, holder or bearer of a check which previously has been or purports to have been drawn and issued by another, the person delivers it, for a purpose other than collection to a third person who thereby acquires a right with respect thereto.

11 Del. C. 1953, § 901; 58 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 1; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1.;

In any prosecution for issuing a bad check, it is an affirmative defense that the accused, in acting as drawer in a representative capacity or as agent of the person whose name appears on the check as principal drawer or obligor, did so as an employee who, without personal benefit, merely executed the orders of the employer or of a superior officer or employee generally authorized to direct the accused's activities.

11 Del. C. 1953, § 902; 58 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 1; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1.;

(a) A person is guilty of unlawful use of a payment card when the person uses or knowingly permits or encourages another to use a payment card for the purpose of obtaining money, goods, services, or anything of value knowing that:

(1) The card is stolen, forged or fictitious; or

(2) The card belongs to another person who has not authorized its use; or

(3) The card has been revoked or canceled; or

(4) For any other reason use of the card is unauthorized by the issuer.

(b) A person is guilty of unlawful use of a payment card where such person knowingly:

(1) Makes, possesses, sells, gives or otherwise transfers to another, or offers or advertises a payment card with the intent that it be used or with the knowledge or reason to believe that it will be used to obtain money, goods, services, or anything of value without payment of the lawful charges therefor or without authorization of the card holder; or

(2) Publishes a payment card or code of an existing, canceled, revoked, expired or nonexistent payment card, or the numbering or coding which is employed in the issuance of payment cards, with the intent that it be used or with knowledge or reason to believe that it will be used either: to avoid the payment for any money, goods, services, or anything of value; or without authorization of the card holder. As used in this section "publishes" means the communication of information to any 1 or more persons, either orally, in person or by telephone, radio or television, or in a writing of any kind, including without limitation a letter or memorandum, circular or handbill, newspaper or magazine article or book.

(c)(1) Except where the victim of any violation of this section is a person 62 years of age or older, unlawful use of a payment card is a class A misdemeanor unless the value of the money, goods, services, or anything of value secured or sought to be secured by means of the payment card is $1,500 or more, in which case it is a class G felony.

(2) Where the victim of any violation of this section is a person 62 years of age or older, unlawful use of a payment card is a class G felony unless the value of the money, goods, services, or anything of value secured or sought to be secured by means of the payment card is $1,500 or more, in which case it is a class F felony.

(d) Amounts involved in unlawful use of a payment card pursuant to 1 scheme or course of conduct, whether from the same issuer or several issuers, may be aggregated in determining whether such unlawful use constitutes a class A misdemeanor or a class G felony under this section.

(e) A person may be prosecuted and convicted under this section in such county or counties within Delaware where the money, goods, services, or anything of value giving rise to the prosecution were solicited, were received, or were attempted to be received, or where the charges for the money, goods, services, or anything of value were billable in the normal course of business.

11 Del. C. 1953, § 903; 58 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 1; 60 Del. Laws, c. 590, § 5; 65 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 7; 67 Del. Laws, c. 130, § 8; 70 Del. Laws, c. 211, § 9; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1; 73 Del. Laws, c. 126, § 13; 77 Del. Laws, c. 133, § 10; 79 Del. Laws, c. 260, § 2.;

(a) Any person who knowingly, wilfully, and with the intent to defraud, possesses a scanning device, or who knowingly, wilfully, and with intent to defraud, uses a scanning device to access, read, obtain, memorize or store, temporarily or permanently, information encoded on the computer chip or magnetic strip or stripe of a payment card without the permission of the authorized user of the payment card is guilty of a class D felony.

(b) Any person who knowingly, wilfully, and with the intent to defraud, possesses a reencoder, or who knowingly, wilfully, and with intent to defraud, uses a reencoder to place encoded information on the computer chip or magnetic strip or stripe of a payment card or any electronic medium that allows an authorized transaction to occur, without the permission of the authorized user of the payment card from which the information is being reencoded is guilty of a class D felony.

(c) Any scanning device or reencoder described in subsection (e) of this section allegedly possessed or used in violation of subsection (a) or (b) of this section shall be seized and upon conviction shall be forfeited.

(d) Any computer, computer system, computer network, or any software or data, owned by the defendant, which is used during the commission of any public offense described in this section or any computer, owned by the defendant, which is used as a repository for the storage of software or data illegally obtained in violation of this section shall be subject to forfeiture.

(e) As used in this section, the following definitions apply:

(1) "Reencoder" means an electronic device that places encoded information from the computer chip or magnetic strip or stripe of a payment card onto the computer chip or magnetic strip or stripe of a different payment card or any electronic medium that allows an authorized transaction to occur.

(2) "Scanning device" means a scanner, reader, or any other electronic device that is used to access, read, scan, obtain, memorize, or store, temporarily or permanently, information encoded on the computer chip or magnetic strip or stripe of a payment card.

(f) Nothing in this section shall preclude prosecution under any other provision of law.

74 Del. Laws, c. 248, § 1; 79 Del. Laws, c. 260, § 3.;

"Payment card" includes any instrument or device, whether known as a credit card, credit plate, bank service card, banking card, check guarantee card, electronic benefits transfer ("EBT") card, or debit card or by any other name, issued with or without fee by an issuer for the use of the cardholder in obtaining money, goods, services, or anything else of value on credit, by the withdrawing of funds from a deposit account, or through the use of value stored on the card. "Payment card" also includes the number that is assigned to the card even if the physical card, instrument or device is not used or presented.

11 Del. C. 1953, § 904; 58 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 1; 79 Del. Laws, c. 260, § 1.;

In any prosecution for unauthorized use of a payment card under § 903(a)(4) of this title it is an affirmative defense that the accused had the intention and ability to meet all obligations to the issuer arising out of the use of the card.

11 Del. C. 1953, § 905; 58 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 1; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1; 79 Del. Laws, c. 260, § 4.;

A person is guilty of deceptive business practices when in the course of business the person knowingly or recklessly:

(1) Uses or possesses for use a false weight or measure, or any other device for falsely determining or recording any quality or quantity; or

(2) Sells, offers or exposes for sale, or delivers less than the represented quantity of any commodity or service; or

(3) Takes or attempts to take more than the represented quantity of any commodity or service; or

(4) Sells, offers or exposes for sale adulterated or mislabeled commodities. "Adulterated" means varying from the standard of composition or quality prescribed by or pursuant to any statute providing criminal penalties for such variance, or set by established commercial usage. "Mislabeled" means varying from the standard of truth or disclosure in labeling prescribed by or pursuant to any statute providing criminal penalties for such variance, or set by established commercial usage; or

(5) Makes a false or misleading statement in any advertisement addressed to the public or to a substantial segment thereof intending to promote the sale or increase the consumption of property or services; or

(6) Makes a false or misleading written statement for the purpose of promoting the sale of securities, or omits information required by law to be disclosed in written documents relating to securities; or

(7) Notifies any other person that the other person has won a prize, received an award or has been selected or is eligible to receive anything of value if the other person is required to respond through the use of a 900 service telephone number or similar service number.

This section shall not apply to publishers, broadcasters, printers or other persons engaged in the dissemination of information or reproduction of printed or pictorial matter who publish, broadcast or reproduce material without knowledge of its deceptive character.

Deceptive business practices are a class A misdemeanor.

11 Del. C. 1953, § 906; 58 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 1; 67 Del. Laws, c. 130, § 8; 68 Del. Laws, c. 240, § 1; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1.;

A person is guilty of criminal impersonation when the person:

(1) Impersonates another person and does an act in an assumed character intending to obtain a benefit or to injure or defraud another person; or

(2) Pretends to be a representative of some person or organization and does an act in a pretended capacity with intent to obtain a benefit or to injure or defraud another person; or

(3) Pretends to be a public servant, or wears or displays without authority any identification, uniform or badge by which a public servant is lawfully distinguished or identified.

Criminal impersonation is a class A misdemeanor.

11 Del. C. 1953, § 907; 58 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 1; 67 Del. Laws, c. 130, § 8; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1.;

A person is guilty of criminal impersonation, accident related, when after being in a motor vehicle accident involving serious physical injury or death to any person:

(1) A driver knowingly pretends to have been someone other than the driver of the vehicle the person was operating; or

(2) Any person knowingly pretends to have been a driver of 1 of the vehicles involved in the accident.

Criminal impersonation, accident related, is a class G felony. The driving privileges of anyone convicted of violating paragraph (1) of this section shall be suspended by the Division of Motor Vehicles for a period of 2 years.

68 Del. Laws, c. 195, § 1; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1.;

(a) A person is guilty of criminal impersonation of a police officer, firefighter, emergency medical technician (EMT), paramedic or fire police when the person, intending to facilitate the commission of a crime or while in immediate flight therefrom:

(1) Intentionally and without lawful authority impersonates or otherwise pretends to be a police officer, firefighter, emergency medical technician (EMT), paramedic or fire police; or

(2) Without lawful authority does any act intended to create or reinforce a false impression that the person is a police officer, firefighter, emergency medical technician (EMT), paramedic or fire police.

(b) Criminal impersonation of a police officer, firefighter, emergency medical technician (EMT), paramedic or fire police is a class E felony, unless during the course of the commission of the crime, or while in immediate flight therefrom, the person or another participant in the crime:

(1) Causes physical injury to any person who is not a participant in the crime; or

(2) Commits a class A felony or class B felony as defined by this title or any sexual offense as defined by § 761(g) of this title, in which case it is a class C felony.

(c) Nothing in this section shall preclude a separate charge, conviction or sentence for any other crime.

71 Del. Laws, c. 97, § 1; 76 Del. Laws, c. 68, § 1.;

A person is guilty of unlawfully concealing a will when, with intent to defraud, the person conceals, secretes, suppresses, mutilates or destroys a will, codicil or other testamentary instrument.

Unlawfully concealing a will is a class G felony.

11 Del. C. 1953, § 908; 58 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 1; 67 Del. Laws, c. 130, § 8; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1.;

A person is guilty of securing execution of documents by deception when, by knowingly misrepresenting the nature of the document, the person causes another person to execute any instrument affecting, purporting to affect or likely to affect the pecuniary interest of any person.

Securing execution of documents by deception is a class A misdemeanor.

11 Del. C. 1953, § 909; 58 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 1; 67 Del. Laws, c. 130, § 8; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1.;

A person is guilty of debt adjusting if the person makes a contract, either express or implied, with a particular debtor, whereby the debtor agrees to pay a certain amount of money periodically to the person engaged in the debt-adjusting business who shall, for a consideration, distribute the same among certain specified creditors in accordance with a plan agreed upon.

This section shall not apply to those situations involving debt adjusting incurred incidentally in the lawful practice of law in this State, nor shall anything in this section be construed to apply to any provider which is licensed under Chapter 24A of Title 6.

Debt adjusting is a class B misdemeanor.

11 Del. C. 1953, § 910; 58 Del. Laws, c. 497, § 1; 67 Del. Laws, c. 130, § 8; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1; 75 Del. Laws, c. 430, § 5.;

A person is guilty of fraudulent conveyance of public lands when the person executes any deed or other written instrument purporting to convey an interest in land any part of which is public lands of this State, when such person at the time of execution of such instrument knows that the person has no legal or equitable interest in the land described in said instrument.

Fraudulent conveyance of public lands is a class G felony.

63 Del. Laws, c. 400, § 1; 67 Del. Laws, c. 130, § 8; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1.;

A person is guilty of fraudulent receipt of public lands when the person records any deed or other written instrument purporting to transfer to the person an interest in land any part of which is public lands of this State, when such person at the time of recording knows that the transferor had no legal or equitable interest in the land described in said instrument.

Fraudulent receipt of public lands is a class G felony.

63 Del. Laws, c. 426, § 1; 67 Del. Laws, c. 130, § 8; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1.;

(a) A person is guilty of insurance fraud when, with the intent to injure, defraud or deceive any insurer the person:

(1) Presents or causes to be presented to any insurer, any written or oral statement including computer-generated documents as part of, or in support of, a claim for payment or other benefit pursuant to an insurance policy, knowing that such statement contains false, incomplete or misleading information concerning any fact or thing material to such claim; or

(2) Assists, abets, solicits or conspires with another to prepare or make any written or oral statement that is intended to be presented to any insurer in connection with, or in support of, any claim for payment or other benefit pursuant to an insurance policy, knowing that such statement contains any false, incomplete or misleading information concerning any fact or thing material to such claim.

Insurance fraud is a class G felony.

(b) All insurance claims forms shall contain a statement that clearly states in substance the following: "Any person who knowingly, and with intent to injure, defraud or deceive any insurer, files a statement of claim containing any false, incomplete or misleading information is guilty of a felony." The lack of such a statement shall not constitute a defense against prosecution under this section.

(c) For the purposes of this section, "statement" includes, but is not limited to, a police report, any notice, statement, proof of loss, bill of lading, receipt for payment, invoice, account, estimate of property damages, bill for services, diagnosis, prescription, hospital or doctor records, X rays, test result or other evidence of loss, injury or expense; "insurer" shall include, but is not limited to, a health service corporation or health maintenance organization; and "insurance policy" shall include, but is not limited to, the subscriber and members contracts of health service corporations and health maintenance organizations.

64 Del. Laws, c. 194; 67 Del. Laws, c. 130, § 8; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1.;

(a) A person is guilty of health care fraud when the person knowingly:

(1) Presents or causes to be presented any fraudulent health care claim to any health care benefit program; or

(2) Engages in a pattern of presenting or causing to be presented fraudulent health care claims to any health care benefit program.

(b) For the purpose of this section:

(1) "Fraudulent health care claim" means any statement, whether written, oral or in any other form, which is made as part of or in support of a claim or request for payment from any health care benefit program when such statement knowingly contains false, incomplete or misleading information concerning any fact or thing material to such claim.

(2) "Health care benefit program" means any plan or contract, whether public or private, under which any medical benefit, equipment, medication or service is provided to any individual. "Health care benefit program" also includes any individual or entity who is providing a medical benefit, equipment, medication or service for which payment may be made under a plan or contract for the provision of such benefits or services.

(3) "Health care professional," "health care practice," "health care facility" or "health care services" includes but is not limited to any person who or entity which, for payment, practices in or employs the procedures of medicine, surgery, chiropractic, podiatry, dentistry, optometry, psychology, social work, pharmacy, nursing, physical therapy or any other field concerned with the maintenance or restoration of the health of the body or mind.

(4) "Health care provider" means any health care professional, an owner or operator of a health care practice or facility, any person who creates the impression that the person or the person's practice or facility can provide health care services, or any person employed or acting on behalf of any of the aforementioned persons.

(5) "Pattern of presenting or causing to be presented" means 3 or more instances of conduct that constitute presenting or causing to be presented fraudulent health care claims.

(c)(1) Except as provided in paragraphs (2) and (3) of this subsection, health care fraud is a class G felony.

(2) Health care fraud is a class D felony if the elements of subsection (a) of this section are met and if:

a. The intended loss to the health care benefit program is more than $50,000 but less than $100,000;

b. The offender is a health care provider at the time of the offense or offenses; or,

c. The conduct constitutes a pattern of presenting or causing to be presented fraudulent health care claims.

(3) Health care fraud is a class B felony if the elements of subsection (a) of this section are met and if:

a. The intended loss to the health care benefit program is $100,000 or more; or

b. The offender is a health care provider at the time of the offense or offenses and the conduct constitutes a pattern of presenting or causing to be presented fraudulent health care claims.

(4) In addition to the penalties otherwise authorized by this subsection, a person convicted under this section may be subject to a fine of up to 5 times the pecuniary benefit obtained or sought to be obtained through the person's violation of this section.

(d) A conviction is not required for an act of presenting or causing presentation of a fraudulent health care claim to be used in prosecution of a matter under this section, including an act used as proof of a pattern as defined in paragraph (b)(3) of this section. A conviction for any act of presenting or causing presentation of fraudulent health care claims, including one which may be relied upon to establish a pattern of presenting or causing presentation of a fraudulent health care claim, does not preclude prosecution under this section. Prosecution under this section does not preclude prosecution under any other section of the Code.

72 Del. Laws, c. 337, § 1; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1; 78 Del. Laws, c. 353, §§ 3-5.;

(a) Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, as a condition of accepting a payment card as payment for consumer credit, goods, realty, or services, a person may not write down or request to be written down the address and/or telephone number of the payment card holder on the payment card transaction form.

(b) A person may record the address or telephone number of a payment card holder if the information is necessary for:

(1) The shipping, delivery or installation of consumer goods; or

(2) Special orders of consumer goods or services.

(c) Violation of this section is an unclassified misdemeanor.

67 Del. Laws, c. 423, § 1; 68 Del. Laws, c. 221, § 1; 79 Del. Laws, c. 260, § 5.;

(a) In this section, the following words have the meanings indicated:

(1) "Draft" does not include a credit or debit card sales draft.

(2) "Drawer" means the individual who makes or signs a check or other draft;

(b) Subject to the provisions of subsection (c) of this section, as a condition of accepting a check or other draft as payment for consumer credit, goods, realty or services, a person may not request or record the account number of any payment card of the drawer of the check or other draft.

(c) The provisions of this section do not prohibit a person from:

(1) Requesting the drawer to display a payment card for purposes only of identification or credit worthiness;

(2) Requesting or recording the type or issuer of a payment card of the drawer; or

(3) Recording the number and expiration date of a payment card if the person requesting the information has agreed with the payment card issuer to cash checks as a service to the issuer's cardholders and the issuer has agreed to guarantee payment of cardholder checks cashed by that person.

(d) Violation of this section is an unclassified misdemeanor.

67 Del. Laws, c. 420, § 1; 79 Del. Laws, c. 260, § 6.;

(a) Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, a person who accepts credit or debit cards in exchange for goods or services shall print not more than 5 digits of that credit or debit card account number on the credit or debit card receipt provided to the cardholder.

(b) This section applies only to receipts that are electronically printed and does not apply to transactions in which the sole means of recording the credit or debit card number is by handwriting or by an imprint or copy of the credit or debit card.

(c) Violation of this section is an unclassified misdemeanor.

74 Del. Laws, c. 151, § 1.;

(a) For the purpose of this section, the following definitions shall apply:

(1) "Contract price" means the total price agreed upon under a home improvement contract.

(2) "Home improvement" means any alteration, repair, addition, modification or improvement to any dwelling or the property on which it is situated, including but not limited to the construction, painting or coating, installation, replacement or repair of driveways, sidewalks, swimming pools, unattached structures, porches, kitchens, bathrooms, chimneys, fireplaces, stoves, air conditioning or heating systems, hot water heaters, water treatment systems, electrical wiring or systems, plumbing fixtures or systems, doors or windows, roofs, gutters, downspouts and siding.

(3) A "home improvement contract" is any agreement, whether written or oral, whereby a person offers or agrees to provide home improvements in exchange for a payment of money regardless of whether any such payments have been made.

(4) A "material fact" is a fact that a reasonable person would consider important when purchasing a home improvement of the variety being offered.

(b) A person is guilty of home improvement fraud who enters, or offers to enter, into a home improvement contract as the provider of home improvements to another person, and who with the intent specified in § 841 of this title:

(1) Uses or employs any false pretense or false promise as those acts are defined in §§ 843 and 844 of this title;

(2) Creates or reinforces a person's impression or belief concerning the condition of any portion of that person's dwelling or property involved in said home improvement contract knowing that the impression or belief is false;

(3) Makes any untrue statement of a material fact or omits to state a material fact relating to the terms of the home improvement contract or the existing condition of any portion of the property which is the subject of said contract;

(4) Receives money for the purpose of obtaining or paying for services, labor, materials or equipment and fails to apply such money for such purpose by:

a. Failing to substantially complete the home improvement for which the funds were provided; or

b. Failing to pay for the services, labor, materials or equipment provided incident to such home improvement; or

c. Diverting said funds to a use other than for which the funds were received; or

(5) Fails to provide that person's own true name, or provides a false name, address or phone number of the business offering said home improvements.

(c) For home improvement fraud under this section, it shall be prima facie evidence of the intent specified in § 841 of this title that the person offering or agreeing to provide home improvements:

(1) Has been previously convicted under this section or under a similar statute of the United States or of any state or of the District of Columbia within 10 years of the home improvement contract in question;

(2) Is currently subject to any administrative orders, judgments or injunctions that relate to home improvements under Chapter 25 of Title 6;

(3) Failed to comply with Chapter 44 of Title 6 with respect to the home improvement contract in question; or

(4) Used or threatened the use of force against the person or property of the person purchasing said home improvement and said person is 62 years of age or older.

(d) Home improvement fraud is a class A misdemeanor, unless:

(1) The contract price or the total amount actually paid to the defendant by or on behalf of the person who purchased the home improvement is $1,500 or more;

(2) The person who purchased the home improvement is 62 years of age or older; or

(3) The defendant has previously been convicted under this section;

in which case it is a class G felony.

70 Del. Laws, c. 63, § 1; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1; 72 Del. Laws, c. 462, § 1; 73 Del. Laws, c. 126, §§ 14, 15; 77 Del. Laws, c. 133, § 11.;

(a) For the purpose of this section, the following definitions shall apply:

(1) A "dwelling" means a building which is usually occupied by a person lodging therein at night but shall not include a mobile home as defined in § 7003(11) of Title 25.

(2) A "home buyer" means a person who intends to enter into a new home construction contract for himself or herself or on behalf of any person.

(3) A "new home contractor" means any person who offers or provides new home construction services as a general contractor or a subcontractor and shall, in addition, include, but not be limited to, an architect, engineer or real estate broker or agent.

(4) "New home construction" means the erection, installation or construction of a dwelling on a fixed foundation on land which is owned or purchased by a home buyer.

(5) A "new home construction contract" is any agreement, whether written or oral, between a new home contractor and a home buyer whereby the new home contractor agrees to provide new home construction services in exchange for a payment of money.

(6) "Payment of money" means tender of money or other consideration of value by a home buyer or by any lending institution on behalf of the home buyer to a new home contractor as part of a new home construction contract.

(7) For the purpose of this section, land is "purchased" by a home buyer when the home buyer acquires it by sale, negotiation, mortgage, pledge, lien, gift or any other transaction creating an interest in the property prior to the formation of the new home construction contract, or if the home buyer is to purchase the land as part of the new home construction contract.

(b) A person is guilty of new home construction fraud who, with the intent specified in § 841 of this title, enters into a new home construction contract and:

(1) Uses or employs any false pretense or false promise as those acts are defined in §§ 843 and 844 of this title; or

(2) Receives payments and intentionally fails to use said payment or payments for the purpose or purposes identified in the new home construction contract and/or diverts said payment or payments to a use or uses other than the erection, installation or construction of the dwelling identified therein; or

(3) Receives payment or payments and fails to provide that person's own true name or provides a false name, address or phone number of the business offering said new home construction services.

(c) For new home construction fraud under this section, it shall be prima facie evidence of the intent specified in § 841 of this title that the new home contractor:

(1) Has been previously convicted under this section, § 916 of this title, or § 3505 of Title 6 within 10 years of the first payment under the new home construction contract in question; or

(2) Is currently subject to any administrative order, judgment or injunction under Chapter 25 of Title 6 relating to new home construction or home improvements (as defined in paragraph (a)(4) of this section).

(d) New construction fraud is a class A misdemeanor, unless:

(1) The loss to the home buyer is $1,500 or more but less than $50,000, in which case it is a class G felony;

(2) The loss to the home buyer is at least $50,000 but less than $100,000, in which case it is a class D felony; or

(3) The loss to the home buyer is $100,000 or more, in which case it is a class B felony.

(e) For the purpose of calculating the amount of the loss to the home buyer, the loss shall be deemed to be the lesser of the total of all payments actually made by the home buyer or the cost to the home buyer to complete the new home construction according to the terms of the original new home construction contract, whether or not said new home is actually completed.

71 Del. Laws, c. 46, § 1; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1; 77 Del. Laws, c. 133, § 12; 78 Del. Laws, c. 353, §§ 6- 8.;

(a) No person shall sell, resell or exchange any ticket to any event or exhibit at a price higher than the original price on the day preceding or on the day of an event at the Bob Carpenter Sports/Convocation Center on the South Campus of the University of Delaware or of a NASCAR Race held at Dover Downs, or on any state or federal highway artery within this State.

(b) Any person who violates this section shall be guilty of ticket scalping. Any person convicted a first time of ticket scalping is guilty of a class B misdemeanor. Any person convicted a second or subsequent time of ticket scalping shall be guilty of a class A misdemeanor. The Superior Court shall have jurisdiction over any offense charged under this section.

(c) For purposes of this section the word "ticket" shall mean any admittance, receipt, entrance ticket or other evidence of a right to be admitted to an event or exhibit.

70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1; 70 Del. Laws, c. 233, § 1; 71 Del. Laws, c. 46, § 1.;

(a) No person shall knowingly transfer or cause to be transferred, directly or indirectly by any means, any sounds recorded on a phonograph record, disc, wire, tape, film or other article upon which sounds are recorded, with the intent to sell or cause to be sold, or to use for profit through public performance, or to use to promote the sale of any product, such article on which sounds are so transferred, without consent of the owner; provided, that such owner is domiciled or has its principal place of business in a country which is a signatory to the Convention for the Protection of Producers of Phonograms Against Unauthorized Duplication of their Phonograms (executed on October 29, 1971, Geneva).

(b) For the purposes of this section, "owner" means the person who owns the original fixation of sounds embodied in the master phonograph record, master disc, master wire, master tape, master film or other device used for reproducing sounds on phonograph records, discs, wires, tapes, films or other articles upon which sound is recorded, and from which the transferred recorded sounds are directly or indirectly derived.

(c) Violation of this section shall constitute a class G felony.

60 Del. Laws, c. 611, § 1; 67 Del. Laws, c. 130, § 8.;

(a) No person shall knowingly, or with reasonable grounds to know, advertise or offer for sale or resale, or sell or resell, distribute or possess for such purposes, any article that has been produced in violation of § 920 of this title.

(b) Violation of this section shall constitute a class A misdemeanor.

60 Del. Laws, c. 611, § 1; 67 Del. Laws, c. 130, § 8.;

(a) No person shall advertise or offer for sale or resale, or sell or resell, or possess for such purposes, any phonograph record, disc, wire, tape, film or other article on which sounds are recorded, unless the cover, box, jacket, or label clearly and conspicuously discloses the actual name and address of the manufacturer thereof, and the name of the actual performer or group.

(b) Violation of this section involving 100 or more improperly labeled sound recordings shall constitute a class G felony, otherwise it is/shall constitute an unclassified misdemeanor.

(c) A second or subsequent violation of this section involving 100 or more improperly labeled sound recordings, or in which the second or subsequent violation plus any and all prior violations of this section added together involve 100 or more improperly labeled sound recordings, shall constitute a class F felony.

60 Del. Laws, c. 611, § 1; 67 Del. Laws, c. 130, § 8; 75 Del. Laws, c. 410, §§ 1, 2.;

This subpart shall not apply to:

(1) Any broadcaster who, in connection with or as part of a radio, television or cable broadcast transmission, or for the purpose of archival preservation, transfers any such sounds recorded on a sound recording;

(2) Any person who transfers such sounds in the home, for personal use, and without compensation for such transfer;

(3) Any phonograph record, disc, wire, tape, film or other article upon which sound is recorded where a period of 50 years has transpired since the original fixation of sounds thereon was made by the owner or on the owner's behalf.

60 Del. Laws, c. 611, § 1; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1.;

This subpart shall neither enlarge nor diminish the rights of parties in civil litigation.

60 Del. Laws, c. 611, § 1.;

If a person is convicted of a violation of § 922 of this title, the court in its sentencing order shall order the forfeiture and destruction or other disposition of:

(1) All articles on which the conviction is based; and

(2) All implements, devices, materials, and equipment used or intended to be used in the manufacture of the recordings on which the conviction is based.

75 Del. Laws, c. 410, § 3.;

(a) A videotape distributor may not wrongfully disclose an individual or summary listing of any videotapes purchased or rented by a protected individual from the videotape distributor.

(b) In this section the following words or terms have the meanings indicated:

(1) "Protected individual" means:

a. The individual described by any information the wrongful disclosure of which is prohibited under this section; or

b. An agent of that individual.

(2) "Publication" means distribution to a person other than the protected individual.

(3) "Videotape distributor" means a person who sells or rents videotapes.

(4)a. "Wrongful disclosure" means any publication that occurs in circumstances in which a protected individual who rents or purchases a videotape has a reasonable expectation of privacy.

b. "Wrongful disclosure" does not include:

1. Any disclosure made incident to the normal course of the business of renting or selling videotapes to a person whom the protected individual authorizes, prior to distribution, to receive the information;

2. Any disclosure made under summons or subpoena to appropriately authorized law enforcement personnel;

3. Any disclosure made to a collection agency or person designated by the videotape distributor for the purpose of collecting an unreturned videotape or an amount equal to the value of the unreturned videotape; or

4. Any disclosure of names and addresses only for commercial mailing list purposes.

(c) A person convicted of violating this section shall be subject to a fine of not more than $500 for each violation, or imprisonment for not more than 6 months for all violations, or both.

66 Del. Laws, c. 383, § 1.;

(a) Any person who knowingly manufactures, uses, displays, advertises, distributes, offers for sale, sells or possesses with intent to sell or distribute any items or services bearing or identified by a counterfeit mark shall be guilty of the crime of trademark counterfeiting.

(b) Definitions. — As used in this section, the following words and phrases shall have the meanings given to them in this subsection:

(1) "Counterfeit mark" means:

a. Any unauthorized reproduction or copy of intellectual property.

b. Intellectual property affixed to any item knowingly sold, offered for sale, manufactured or distributed or identifying services offered or rendered, without the authority of the owner of the intellectual property.

(2) "Intellectual property" means any trademark, service mark, trade name, label, term, device, design or word adopted or used by a person to identify that person's goods or services.

(3) "Retail value" means the counterfeiter's regular selling price for the item or service bearing or identified by the counterfeit mark. In the case of items bearing a counterfeit mark which are components of a finished product, the retail value shall be the counterfeiter's regular selling price of the finished product on or in which the component would be utilized.

(c) Presumption. — A person having possession, custody or control of more than 25 items bearing a counterfeit mark shall be presumed to possess said items with intent to sell or distribute.

(d) Penalties.

(1) Except as provided in paragraphs (2) and (3) of this subsection, a violation of this section constitutes a class A misdemeanor.

(2) A violation of this section constitutes a class G felony if:

a. The defendant has previously been convicted under this section; or

b. The violation involved more than 100 but less than 1,000 items bearing a counterfeit mark or the total retail value of all items or services bearing or identified by a counterfeit mark is more than $2,000, but less than $10,000.

(3) A violation of this section constitutes a class E felony if:

a. The defendant has been previously convicted of two or more offenses under this section;

b. The violation involved the manufacture or production of items bearing counterfeit marks; or

c. The violation involved 1,000 or more items bearing a counterfeit mark or the total retail value of all items or services bearing or identified by a counterfeit mark is $10,000 or more.

(e) Quantity or retail value. — The quantity or retail value of items or services shall include the aggregate quantity or retail value of all items or services bearing or identified by every counterfeit mark the defendant manufactures, uses, displays, advertises, distributes, offers for sale, sells or possesses.

(f) Fine. — Any person convicted under this section shall be fined not less than $5,000 or an amount up to 3 times the retail value of the items or services bearing or identified by a counterfeit mark, whichever is greater, unless extenuating circumstances are shown by the defendant.

(g) Seizure, forfeiture and disposition.

(1) Any items bearing a counterfeit mark, and all personal property, including, but not limited to, any items, objects, tools, machines, equipment, instrumentalities or vehicles of any kind, knowingly employed or used in connection with a violation of this section may be seized by any law enforcement officer.

(2) All seized personal property referenced in paragraph (1) of this subsection shall be forfeited in accordance with applicable law, unless the prosecuting attorney responsible for the charges and the intellectual property owner consent in writing to another disposition.

(h) Evidence. — Any federal or state certificate of registration of any intellectual property shall be prima facie evidence of the facts stated therein.

75 Del. Laws, c. 120, § 2.;

As used in this subpart:

(1) "Access" means to instruct, communicate with, store data in or retrieve data from a computer, computer system or computer network.

(2) "Commercial electronic mail" or "commercial e-mail" means any electronic mail message that is sent to a receiving address or account for the purposes of advertising, promoting, marketing or otherwise attempting to solicit interest in any good service or enterprise.

(3) "Computer" means a programmable, electronic device capable of accepting and processing data.

(4) "Computer network" means:

a. A set of related devices connected to a computer by communications facilities;

b. A complex of 2 or more computers, including related devices, connected by communications facilities; or

c. The communications transmission facilities and devices used to interconnect computational equipment, along with control mechanisms associated thereto.

(5) "Computer program" means a set of instructions, statements or related data that, in actual or modified form, is capable of causing a computer or computer system to perform specified functions.

(6) "Computer services" includes, but is not limited to, computer access, data processing and data storage.

(7) "Computer software" means 1 or more computer programs, existing in any form, or any associated operational procedures, manuals or other documentation.

(8) "Computer system" means a computer, its software, related equipment and communications facilities, if any, and includes computer networks.

(9) "Data" means information of any kind in any form, including computer software.

(10) "Electronic mail" or "e-mail" means any message that is automatically passed from an originating address or account to a receiving address or account;

(11) "Electronic mail service provider" means any person who:

a. Is an intermediary in sending and receiving electronic mail; and

b. Provides to end-users of electronic mail services the ability to send or receive electronic mail.

(12) The "Internet" is a hierarchy of computer networks and systems that includes, but is not limited to, commercial (.com or .co), university (.ac or .edu) and other research networks (.org, .net) and military (.mil) networks and spans many different physical networks and systems around the world.

(13) "Person" means a natural person, corporation, trust, partnership, incorporated or unincorporated association and any other legal or governmental entity, including any state or municipal entity or public official.

(14) "Private personal data" means data concerning a natural person which a reasonable person would want to keep private and which is protectable under law.

(15) "Property" means anything of value, including data.

(16) "Originating address" or "originating account" means the string used to specify the source of any electronic mail message (e.g. company@sender.com);

(17) "Receiving address" or "receiving account" means the string used to specify the destination of any electronic mail message (e.g. person@receiver.com);

64 Del. Laws, c. 438, § 1; 72 Del. Laws, c. 135, § 3.;

A person is guilty of the computer crime of unauthorized access to a computer system when, knowing that the person is not authorized to do so, the person accesses or causes to be accessed any computer system without authorization.

64 Del. Laws, c. 438, § 1; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1.;

A person is guilty of the computer crime of theft of computer services when the person accesses or causes to be accessed or otherwise uses or causes to be used a computer system with the intent to obtain unauthorized computer services, computer software or data.

64 Del. Laws, c. 438, § 1; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1.;

A person is guilty of the computer crime of interruption of computer services when that person, without authorization, intentionally or recklessly disrupts or degrades or causes the disruption or degradation of computer services or denies or causes the denial of computer services to an authorized user of a computer system.

64 Del. Laws, c. 438, § 1.;

A person is guilty of the computer crime of misuse of computer system information when:

(1) As a result of accessing or causing to be accessed a computer system, the person intentionally makes or causes to be made an unauthorized display, use, disclosure or copy, in any form, of data residing in, communicated by or produced by a computer system;

(2) That person intentionally or recklessly and without authorization:

a. Alters, deletes, tampers with, damages, destroys or takes data intended for use by a computer system, whether residing within or external to a computer system; or

b. Interrupts or adds data to data residing within a computer system;

(3) That person knowingly receives or retains data obtained in violation of paragraph (1) or (2) of this section; or

(4) That person uses or discloses any data which that person knows or believes was obtained in violation of paragraph (1) or (2) of this section.

64 Del. Laws, c. 438, § 1; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1.;

A person is guilty of the computer crime of destruction of computer equipment when that person, without authorization, intentionally or recklessly tampers with, takes, transfers, conceals, alters, damages or destroys any equipment used in a computer system or intentionally or recklessly causes any of the foregoing to occur.

64 Del. Laws, c. 438, § 1.;

A person is guilty of the computer crime of unrequested or unauthorized electronic mail:

(1) When that person, without authorization, intentionally or recklessly distributes any unsolicited bulk commercial electronic mail (commercial E-mail) to any receiving address or account under the control of any authorized user of a computer system. This section shall not apply to electronic mail that is sent between human beings, or when the individual has requested said information. This section shall not apply to the transmission of electronic mail from an organization to its members or where there is a preexisting business relationship. No Internet/interactive service provider shall be liable for merely transmitting an unsolicited, bulk commercial electronic mail message in its network. No Internet/interactive service provider shall be held liable for any action voluntarily taken in good faith to block the receipt or transmission through its service of any unsolicited, bulk electronic mail which it believes is, or will be, sent in violation to disconnect or terminate the service of any person that is in violation of this article; or

(2) When a person uses a computer or computer network without authority with the intent to: Falsify or forge electronic mail transmission information in any manner in connection with the transmission of unsolicited bulk electronic mail through or into the computer network of an electronic mail service provider or its subscribers; or

(3) When a person sells, gives or otherwise distributes or possesses with the intent to sell, give or distribute software which:

a. Is primarily designed or produced for the purpose of facilitating or enabling the falsification of electronic mail transmission information or other routing information;

b. Has only limited commercially significant purpose or use other than to facilitate or enable the falsification of electronic mail transmission information or other routing information; or

c. Is marketed by that person or another acting in concert with that person's knowledge for use in facilitating or enabling the falsification of electronic mail transmission information or other routing information.

(4) For the purposes of this section, conduct occurring outside of the State shall be sufficient to constitute this offense if such conduct is within the terms of § 204 of this title, or if the receiving address or account was under the control of any authorized user of a computer system who was located in Delaware at the time the authorized user received the electronic mail or communication and the defendant was aware of circumstances which rendered the presence of such authorized user in Delaware a reasonable possibility.

72 Del. Laws, c. 135, § 1; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1.;

(a) A person is guilty of the computer crime of failure to promptly cease electronic communication upon request when that person intentionally, recklessly or negligently, fails to stop sending commercial electronic mail to any receiving address or account under the control of any authorized user of a computer system after being requested to do so. All commercial electronic mail sent to any receiving address within the State shall have information to the recipient on how to unsubscribe or stop further receipt of commercial electronic mail from the sender.

(b) For the purposes of this section, conduct occurring outside of the State shall be sufficient to constitute this offense if such conduct is within the terms of § 204 of this title, or if the receiving address or account was under the control of any authorized user of a computer system who was located in Delaware at the time the authorized user received the electronic mail or communication and the defendant was aware of circumstances which rendered the presence of such authorized user in Delaware a reasonable possibility.

72 Del. Laws, c. 135, § 1; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1.;

(a) A person committing any of the crimes described in §§ 932-938 of this title is guilty in the first degree when the damage to or the value of the property or computer services affected exceeds $10,000.

Computer crime in the first degree is a class D felony.

(b) A person committing any of the crimes described in §§ 932-938 of this title is guilty in the second degree when the damage to or the value of the property or computer services affected exceeds $5,000.

Computer crime in the second degree is a class E felony.

(c) A person committing any of the crimes described in §§ 932-938 of this title is guilty in the third degree when:

(1) The damage to or the value of the property or computer services affected is $1,500 or more; or

(2) That person engages in conduct which creates a risk of serious physical injury to another person.

Computer crime in the third degree is a class G felony.

(d) A person committing any of the crimes described in §§ 932-938 of this title is guilty in the fourth degree when the damage to or the value of the property or computer services, if any, is under $1,500.

Computer crime in the fourth degree is a class A misdemeanor.

(e) Any person gaining money, property services or other consideration through the commission of any offense under this subpart, upon conviction, in lieu of having a fine imposed, may be sentenced by the court to pay an amount, fixed by the court, not to exceed double the amount of the defendant's gain from the commission of such offense. In such case, the court shall make a finding as to the amount of the defendant's gain from the offense and, if the record does not contain sufficient evidence to support such a finding, the court may conduct a hearing upon the issue. For the purpose of this section, "gain" means the amount of money or the value of property or computer services or other consideration derived.

(f) Amounts included in violations of this subpart committed pursuant to 1 scheme or course of conduct, whether from the same person or several persons, may be aggregated in determining the degree of the crime.

(g) For the purposes of this subpart, the value of property or computer services shall be:

(1) The market value of the property or computer services at the time of the violation; or

(2) If the property or computer services are unrecoverable, damaged or destroyed as a result of a violation of this subpart, the cost of reproducing or replacing the property or computer services at the time of the violation.

When the value of the property or computer services or damage thereto cannot be satisfactorily ascertained, the value shall be deemed to be $250.

(h) Notwithstanding this section, the value of private personal data shall be deemed to be $500.

64 Del. Laws, c. 438, § 1; 67 Del. Laws, c. 130, § 8; 72 Del. Laws, c. 135, §§ 1, 2; 77 Del. Laws, c. 133, § 13.;

(a) In any prosecution for any violation of §§ 932-938 of this title, the offense shall be deemed to have been committed in the place at which the act occurred or in which the computer system or part thereof involved in the violation was located.

(b) In any prosecution for any violation of §§ 932-938 of this title based upon more than 1 act in violation thereof, the offense shall be deemed to have been committed in any of the places at which any of the acts occurred or in which a computer system or part thereof involved in a violation was located.

(c) If any act performed in furtherance of the offenses set out in §§ 932-938 of this title occurs in this State or if any computer system or part thereof accessed in violation of §§ 932-936 of this title is located in this State, the offense shall be deemed to have occurred in this State.

64 Del. Laws, c. 438, § 1; 72 Del. Laws, c. 135, §§ 1, 2.;

(a) Any aggrieved person who has reason to believe that any other person has been engaged, is engaged or is about to engage in an alleged violation of any provision of §§ 932-938 of this title may bring an action against such person and may apply to the Court of Chancery for:

(1) An order temporarily or permanently restraining and enjoining the commencement or continuance of such act or acts;

(2) An order directing restitution; or

(3) An order directing the appointment of a receiver.

Subject to making due provisions for the rights of innocent persons, a receiver shall have the power to sue for, collect, receive and take into possession any property which belongs to the person who is alleged to have violated any provision of this subpart and which may have been derived by, been used in or aided in any manner such alleged violation. Such property shall include goods and chattels, rights and credits, moneys and effects, books, records, documents, papers, choses in action, bills, notes and property of every description including all computer system equipment and data, and including property with which such property has been commingled if it cannot be identified in kind because of such commingling. The receiver shall also have the power to sell, convey and assign all of the foregoing and hold and dispose of the proceeds thereof under the direction of the Court. Any person who has suffered damages as a result of an alleged violation of any provision of §§ 932-938 of this title, and submits proof to the satisfaction of the Court that the person has in fact been damaged, may participate with general creditors in the distribution of the assets to the extent the person has sustained out-of-pocket losses. The Court shall have jurisdiction of all questions arising in such proceedings and may make such orders and judgments therein as may be required.

(b) The Court may award the relief applied for or such other relief as it may deem appropriate in equity.

(c) Independent of or in conjunction with an action under subsection (a) of this section, any person who suffers any injury to person, business or property may bring an action for damages against a person who is alleged to have violated any provision of §§ 932-938 of this title. The aggrieved person shall recover actual damages and damages for unjust enrichment not taken into account in computing damages for actual loss and treble damages where there has been a showing of wilful and malicious conduct.

(d) Proof of pecuniary loss is not required to establish actual damages in connection with an alleged violation of § 935 of this title arising from misuse of private personal data.

(e) In any civil action brought under this section, the Court shall award to any aggrieved person who prevails reasonable costs and reasonable attorney's fees.

(f) The filing of a criminal action against a person is not a prerequisite to the bringing of a civil action under this section against such person.

(g) No civil action under this section may be brought but within 3 years from the date the alleged violation of §§ 932-938 of this title is discovered or should have been discovered by the exercise of reasonable diligence.

64 Del. Laws, c. 439, § 1; 70 Del. Laws, c. 186, § 1; 72 Del. Laws, c. 135, §§ 1, 2.;

(a) A person is guilty of money laundering when:

(1) The person knowingly acquires or maintains an interest in, conceals, possesses, transfers, or transports the proceeds of criminal activity; or

(2) The person knowingly conducts, supervises, or facilitates a transaction involving the proceeds of criminal activity; or

(3) The person knowingly invests, expends, or receives, or offers to invest, expend, or receive the proceeds of criminal activity or funds that the person believes are the proceeds of criminal activity; or

(4) The person knowingly finances or invests or intends to finance or invest funds that the person believes are intended to further the commission of criminal activity; or

(5) The person knowingly engages in a transaction involving the proceeds of criminal activity intended, in whole or in part, to avoid a currency transaction reporting requirement under the laws of this State or any other state or of the United States.

(b) Knowledge of the specific nature of the criminal activity giving rise to the proceeds is not required to establish a culpable mental state under this section.

(c) For purposes of this section, the following definitions shall apply:

(1) "Criminal activity" means any offense that is a crime under the Laws of Delaware, another state, or the United States.

(2) "Funds" includes:

a. Coin or currency of the United States or any other country;

b. Bank checks or money orders; or

c. Investment or negotiable instruments, in bearer form or otherwise in such form that title thereto passes upon delivery.

(3) "Funds that the person believes are the proceeds of criminal activity" means any funds that are believed to be proceeds of criminal activity including funds that are not the proceeds of criminal activity.

(4) "Proceeds" means funds acquired or derived directly or indirectly from, produced through, or realized through an act.

(5) "Structure" or "structuring" means that a person, acting alone, or in conjunction with, or on behalf of, other persons, conducts or attempts to conduct 1 or more transactions in currency, in any amount, at 1 or more financial institutions, including video lottery facilities, on 1 or more days, in any manner, for the purpose of evading currency transaction reporting requirements provided by state or federal law. "In any manner" includes, but is not limited to, the breaking down into smaller sums of a single sum of currency meeting or exceeding that which is necessary to trigger a currency reporting requirement or the conduct of a transaction, or series of currency transactions, at or below the reporting requirement. The transaction or transactions need not exceed the reporting threshold at any single financial institution on any single day in order to meet the definition of "structure" or "structuring" provided in this paragraph. Among the factors that the finder of fact may consider in determining that a transaction has been designed to avoid a transaction reporting requirement shall be whether the person, acting alone or with others, conducted 1 or more transactions in currency, in any amount, at 1 or more financial institutions, on 1 or more days, in any manner.

(d) It is a defense to prosecution under this section that the transaction was necessary to preserve a person's right to representation as guaranteed by the Sixth Amendment of the United States Constitution or by article I, § 17 of the Delaware Constitution or that the funds were received as bona fide legal fees by a licensed attorney and at the time of their receipt, the attorney did not have actual knowledge that the funds were derived from criminal activity.

(e) A violation of subsection (a) of this section.

(f) Structuring; avoiding a transaction reporting requirement. — A person is guilty of a crime if, with the purpose to evade a transaction reporting requirement of this State or of 31 U.S.C. § 5311 et seq. or 31 C.F.R. § 103 et seq., or any rules or regulations adopted under those chapters and sections, the person:

(1) Causes or attempts to cause a financial institution, including a video lottery facility, foreign or domestic money transmitter or an authorized delegate thereof, check casher, person engaged in a trade or business or any other individual or entity required by state or federal law to file a report regarding currency transactions or suspicious transactions to fail to file a report; or

(2) Causes or attempts to cause a financial institution, including a video lottery facility, foreign or domestic money transmitter or an authorized delegate thereof, check casher, person engaged in a trade or business or any other individual or entity required by state or federal law to file a report regarding currency transactions or suspicious transactions to file a report that contains a material omission or misstatement of fact; or

(3) Structures or assists in structuring, or attempts to structure or assist in structuring, any transaction with one or more financial institutions, including a video lottery facility, foreign or domestic money transmitters or an authorized delegate thereof, check cashers, persons engaged in a trade or business or any other individuals or entities required by state or federal law to file a report regarding currency transactions or suspicious transactions.

(g) A violation of subsection (f) of this section is a class G felony.

(h) Money laundering shall not be deemed to be a related or included offense of any other provision of this Code. Prosecution and sentencing for money laundering shall not be deemed to preclude prosecution or sentencing under any other provision of this Code.

76 Del. Laws, c. 271, § 1; 77 Del. Laws, c. 221, §§ 6-9.;