SENATE BILL NO. 391
AN ACT TO AMEND TITLE 18 OF THE DELAWARE CODE RELATING TO FRATERNAL BENEFIT SOCIETIES.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE STATE OF DELAWARE:
Section 1. Amend Title 18 of the Delaware Code by adding thereto a new chapter designated as Chapter 62, which new chapter shall read as follows:
"Chapter 62. Fraternal Benefit Societies
Subchapter I. Structure and Purpose
6201 Fraternal benefit societies.
6202 Lodge system.
6203 Representative form of government.
6204 Perms used.
6205 Purposes and powers.
Subchapter II. Membership
6206. Qualifications for membership.
6207. Location of office, meetings, communications to members, grievance procedures.
6208. No personal liability.
Subchapter III. Governance
6211 Amendments to laws.
6214. Consolidations and mergers.
6215. Conversion of fraternal benefit society into mutual life insurance company. Subchapter IV. Contractual Benefits
6218. Benefits Not attachable.
6219. The Benefit contract.
6220. Nonforfeiture benefits, cash surrender values, certificate loans and other options. Subchapter V. Financial
Subchapter VI. Regulation
6227. Annual license.
6228. Examination of societies; no adverse publications.
6229. Foreign or alien society - admission.
6230. Injunction - liquidation - receivership of domestic society.
6231. Suspension, revocation or refusal of license of foreign or alien society
6233. Licensing of agents.
6234. Unfair methods of competition and unfair and deceptive acts and practices.
Subchapter VII. Miscellaneous
6235. Service of process.
6237. Exemption of certain societies.
Subchapter I. Structure and Purpose
§ 6201. Fraternal benefit societies
Any incorporated society, order or supreme lodge, without capital stock, including one exempted under the provisions of §6237(a)(2) of this title whether incorporated or not, conducted solely for the benefit of its members and their beneficiaries and not for profit, operated on a lodge system with ritualistic form of work, having a representative form of government, and which provides benefits in accordance with this chapter, is hereby declared to be a fraternal benefit society.
§ 6202. Lodge system,
(a) A society is operating on the lodge system if it has a supreme governing body and subordinate lodges into which members arc elected, initiated or admitted in accordance with its laws, rules and ritual. Subordinate lodges shall be required by the laws of the society to hold regular meetings at least once in each month in furtherance of the purposes of the society.
(b) A society may, at its option, organize and operate lodges for children under the minimum age for adult membership. Membership and initiation in local lodges shall not be required of such children, nor shall they have a voice or vote in the management of the society.
§ 6203. Representative form of government
A society has a representative form of government when:
(1) it has a supreme governing body constituted in one of the following ways:
(a) Assembly, The supreme governing body is an assembly composed of delegates elected directly by the members or at intermediate assemblies or conventions of members or their representatives, together with other delegates as may be prescribed in the society's laws. A society may provide for election of delegates by mail. The elected delegates shall constitute a majority in number and shall not have less than two-thirds of the votes and not less than the number of votes required to amend the society's laws. The assembly shall be elected and shall meet at least once every four years and shall elect a board of directors to conduct the business of the society between meetings of the assembly. Vacancies on the board of directors between elections may be tilled in the manner prescribed by the society's laws.
(b) Direct Election. The supreme governing body is a board composed of persons elected by the members, either directly or by their representatives in intermediate assemblies, and am other persons prescribed in the society's laws. A society may provide for election of the board b) mail. Each term of a board member may not exceed four years. Vacancies on the board between elections may be tilled in the manner prescribed by the society's laws. Those persons elected to the board shall constitute a majority in number and not less than the number of votes required to amend the society's laws. A person filling the unexpired term of an elected board member shall be considered to be an elected member. The board shall meet at least quarterly to conduct Ole business of the society.
(2) the officers of the society are elected either by the supreme governing body or by the board of directors;
(3) only benefit members are eligible for election to the supreme governing body and the board of directors; and
(2) each voting member shall have one vote; no vote may be cast by proxy.
§ 6204. Terms used
Whenever used in this chapter:
(1) 'Benefit contract' shall mean the agreement for provision of benefits authorized by
§62 I6 of this title, as that agreement is described in §6219(a) of this title.
(2) 'Benefit member' shall mean an adult member who is designated by the laws or rules of the society to be a benefit member under a benefit contract.
(3) 'Certificate' shall mean the document issued as written evidence of the benefit contract.
(4) 'Commissioner' shall mean the Commissioner of Insurance of this State.
(5) 'Laws' shall mean the society's certificate of incorporation, constitution and bylaws, however designated.
(6) 'Lodge' shall mean subordinate member units of the society, known as camps. courts, councils, branches or by any other designation.
(7) 'Premiums' shall mean premiums, rates, dues or other required contributions by whatever name known, which are payable under the certificate.
(8) 'Rules' shall mean all rules, regulations or resolutions adopted by the supreme governing body or board of directors which are intended to have general application to the members of the society.
(9) 'Society' shall mean fraternal benefit society, unless otherwise indicated.
§ 6205. Purposes and powers
(a) A society shall operate for the benefit of members and their beneficiaries by:
(1) providing benefits as specified in §62 lb of this title; and
(2) operating for one or more social, intellectual. educational, charitable, benevolent. moral, fraternal, patriotic or religious purposes for the benefit of its members which may also be extended to others.
Such purposes may be carried out directly by the society. or indirectly through subsidiary corporations or affiliated organizations.
(b) Every society shall have the power to adopt laws and rules for the government of the society, the admission of its members, and the management of its affairs. It shall have the power to change, alter, add to or amend such laws and rules and shall have such other powers as are necessary and incidental to carrying into effect the objects and purposes of the society.
Subchapter II. Membership
§ 6206 Qualifications for membership,
(a) A society shall specify in its laws or rules:
(1) eligibility standards for each and every class of membership. provided that if benefits arc provided on the lives of children, the minimum age for adult membership shall be set at not less than are fifteen and nut greater than age twenty-one:
(2) the process for admission to membership for each membership class; and
(3) the rights and privileges of each membership class, provided that only benefit members shall have the right to vote on the management of the insurance affairs of the society.
(b) A society may also admit social members who shall have no voice or vote in the management of the insurance affairs of the society
(c) Membership rights in the society are personal to the member and are not assignable.
§ 6207. location of office. meetings. communications to members. grievance procedures
(a) The principal office of any domestic society shall be located in this State. The meetings of its supreme governing body may he held in any state, district, province or territory wherein such society has at least one (1) subordinate lodge, or in such other location as determined by the supreme governing body, and all business transacted at such meetings shall be as valid in all respects as if such meetings were held in this State. The minutes of the proceedings of the supreme governing body and of the board of directors shall be in the English language,
(b) (1) A society may provide in its laws for an official publication in which any notice, report, or statement required by law to be given to members, including notice of election. may be published. Such required reports, notices and statements shall be printed conspicuously in the publication. If the records of a society show that two or more members have the same mailing address, an official publication mailed to one member is deemed to be mailed to all members at the same address unless a member requests a separate copy.
(2) Not later than first day of June of each year. a synopsis of the society's annual statement providing an explanation of the facts concerning the condition of the society thereby disclosed shall he printed and mailed to each benefit member of the society or. in lieu thereof, such synopsis may he published in the society's official publication.
(c)- A society may provide in its laws or rules for grievance or complaint procedures for members.
§ 6208. No personal liability,
(a) The officers and members of the supreme governing body or any subordinate body of a society shall not be personally liable for any benefits provided by a society
(b) Any person may he indemnified and reimbursed by any society for expenses reasonably incurred by. and liabilities imposed upon. such person in connection with or arising out of any action, suit or proceeding, whether civil, criminal, administrative or investigative, or threat thereof. in which the person may be involved by reason of the fact that he or she is or was a director. officer. employee or agent of the society or of any firm, corporation or organization which he or she served in any capacity at the request of the society. A person shall not be so indemnified or reimbursed (i) in relation to any matter in such action, suit or proceeding as to which he or she shall finally be adjudged to be or have been guilty of breach of a duty as a director, officer, employee or agent of the society or (ii) in relation to any matter in such action, suit or proceeding, or threat thereof. which has been made the subject of a compromise settlement; unless in either such case the person acted in good faith for a purpose the person reasonably believed to be in or not opposed to the best interests of the society and. in a criminal action or proceeding, in addition. had no reasonable cause to believe that his or her conduct was unlawful. The determination whether the conduct of such person met the standard required in order to justify indemnification and reimbursement in relation to any matter described in subpoints (i) or (ii) of the preceding sentence may only be made by the supreme governing body or board of directors by a majority vote of a quorum consisting of persons who were not parties to such action, suit or proceeding or by a court of competent jurisdiction. The termination of any action, suit or proceeding by judgment. order. settlement, conviction, or upon a plea of no contest, as to such person shall not in itself create a conclusive presumption that the person did not meet the standard of conduct required in order to justify indemnification and reimbursement. The foregoing right of indemnification and reimbursement shall not be exclusive of other rights to which such person may he entitled as a matter of law and shall inure to the benefit of his or her heirs, executors and administrators.
(a) A society shall have power to purchase and maintain insurance on behalf of any person who is or was a director, officer, employee or agent of the society, or who is or was serving at the request of the society as a director, officer, employee or agent of any other limb corporation, or organization against any liability asserted against such person and incurred by him or her in any such capacity or arising out of his or her status as such, whether or not the society would have the power to indemnify the person against such liability under this .(d) No director, officer, employee, member or volunteer of a society serving without compensation, shall be liable, and no cause of action may be brought, for damages resulting from the exercise of judgment or discretion in connection with the duties or responsibilities of such person for the society unless such act or omission involved willful or wanton misconduct.
§ 6209. Waiver
The laws of the society may provide that no subordinate body, nor any of its subordinate officers or members shall have the power or authority to waive any of the provisions of the laws of the society. Such provision shall be binding on the society and every member and beneficiary of a member.
Subchapter III. Governance
§ 6210 Organization,
A domestic society organized on or after the effective date of this chapter shall be formed as follows:
(1) Seven or more citizens of the United States, a majority of whom are citizens of this State, who desire to form a fraternal benefit society shall fort a corporation without capital stock the governing body of which is elected and the powers of which are not more liberal than as provided in this Chapter and the name of which shall not so closely resemble the name of any society or insurance company then licensed in Delaware as to be confusing.
(2) Its certificate of incorporation, duly certified copies of the society's bylaws and rules, copies of all proposed forms of certificates, applications therefor, and circulars to be issued by the society the names, residences and official titles of all the officers, trustees, directors, or other persons who are to have and exercise the general control of the management of the affairs and funds of the society for the first year or until the ensuing election at which all such officers shall be elected by the supreme governing body, which election shall be held not later than I year from the date of issuance of the permanent certificate of authority and a bond conditioned upon the return to applicants of the advanced payments if the organization is not completed within I year shall be tiled with the Commissioner, who may require such further information as the Commissioner deems necessary. The bond with sureties approved by the Commissioner shall be in such amount. not less than $300,000, nor more than $1,500,000, as required by the Commissioner. All documents tiled are to be in the English language. If the purposes of the society conform to the requirements of this chapter and all provisions of the law have been complied with. the Commissioner shall so certify, retain and file the certificate of incorporation and shall furnish the incorporators a preliminary certificate of authority authorizing the society to solicit members as hereinafter provided.
(3) No preliminary certificate of authority granted under-the provisions of this shall be valid after one year from its date or after such further period, not exceeding I year, as may be authorized by the Commissioner upon cause shown, unless the 500 applicants hereinafter required have been secured and the organization has been completed as herein provided. The charter and all other proceedings thereunder shall become null and void in I year from the date of the prelintinar) certificate of authority, or at the expiration of the extended period, unless the society shall have completed its organization and received a certificate of authority to do business as hereinafter provided.
(4) Upon receipt of a preliminary certificate of authority from the Commissioner, the society may solicit members for the purpose of completing its organization, shall collect from each applicant the amount of not less than one regular monthly premium in accordance with its table of rates, and shall issue to each such applicant a receipt far the amount so collected. No society shall incur any liability other than for the return of such advance premium, nor issue any certificate, nor pay, allow, or offer or promise to pay or allow, any benefit to any person until:
a. actual bona fide applications for benefits have been secured on not less than five hundred (500) applicants, and any necessary evidence of insurability has been furnished to and approved by the society;
b. at least 10 subordinate lodges have been established into which the five hundred applicants have been admitted:
c. there has been submitted to the Commissioner, under oath of the president or secretary, or corresponding officer of the society, a list of such applicants, giving their names, addresses, date each was admitted, name and number of the subordinate lodge of which each applicant is a member, amount of benefits to be granted and premiums therefor; and
d. it shall have been shown to the Commissioner, by sworn statement of the treasurer, or corresponding officer of such society, that at least 500 applicants have each paid in cash at least 1 regular monthly premium as herein provided, which premiums in the aggregate shall amount to at least $150,000. Said advance premiums shall he held in trust during the period of organization and if the society has not qualified for a certificate of authority within 1 year, as herein provided, such premiums shall be returned to said applicants.
(5) The Commissioner may make such examination and require such further information as the Commissioner deems advisable. Upon presentation of satisfactory evidence that the society has complied with all the provisions of law, the Commissioner shall issue to the society a certificate of authority to that effect and that the society is authorized to transact business pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. The certificate of authority shall be prima facie evidence of the existence of the society at the date of such certificate. The Commissioner shall cause a record of such certificate of authority to he made. A certified copy of such record may be given in evidence with like effect as the original certificate of authority.
(6) Any incorporated society authorized to transact business in this State at the time this chapter becomes effective shall not be required to reincorporate.
§ 6211. Amendments to laws
(a) A domestic society may amend its laws in accordance with the provisions thereof by action of its supreme governing body at any regular or special meeting thereof or, if its laws so provide, by referendum. Such referendum may be held in accordance with the provisions of its laws by the vote of the voting members of the society, by the vote of delegates or representatives of voting members or by the vote of local lodges. A society may provide for voting by mail. No amendment submitted for adoption by referendum shall he adopted unless, within 6 months from the date of submission thereof, a majority of the members voting shall have signified their consent to such amendment by one of the methods herein specified.
(b) No amendment to the laws of any domestic society shall take effect unless approved by the Commissioner who shall approve such amendment if the Commissioner finds that it has been duly adopted and is not inconsistent with any requirement of the laws of this State or with the character, objects and purposes of the society. Unless the Commissioner shall disapprove any such amendment within 60 days after the tiling of same, such amendment shall be considered approved. the approval or disapproval of the Commissioner shall be forwarded in writing, and mailed to the secretary or corresponding officer of the society at its principal office. In case the Commissioner disapproves such amendment, the reasons therefor shall be stated in such written notice.
(c) Within 90 days from the approval thereof by the Commissioner, all such amendments, or a synopsis thereof, shall he furnished to all members of the society either by mail or by publication in full in the official publication of the society. The affidavit of any officer of the society or of anyone authorized by it to mail any amendments or synopsis thereof; stating facts which show that same have been duly addressed and mailed, shall be prima facie evidence that such amendments or synopsis thereof, have been furnished the addressee.
(d) Every foreign or alien society authorized to do business in this State shall file with the Commissioner a duly certified copy of all amendments of, or additions to, its laws within 90 days alter the enactment of same.
(e) Printed copies of the laws as amended, certified by the secretary or corresponding officer of the society shall be prima facie evidence of the legal adoption thereof.
§ 6212. Institutions,
(a) A society may create, maintain and operate, or may establish organizations to operate, not for profit institutions to further the purposes permitted by §6205(a)(2) of this title. Such institutions may furnish services free or at a reasonable charge. Any real or personal property owned, held or leased by the society for this purpose shall be reported in every annual statement but shall not be allowed as an admitted asset of such society.
(b) No society shall own or operate funeral homes or undertaking establishments.
§ 6213. Reinsurance
(a) A domestic society may, by a reinsurance agreement, cede any individual risk or risks in whole or in part to an insurer (other than another fraternal benefit society) having the power to make such reinsurance and authorized to do business in this State. or if not so authorized, one which is approved by the Commissioner, but no such society may reinsure substantially all of its insurance in force without the written permission of the Commissioner. It may take credit for the reserves on such ceded risks to the extent reinsured, but no credit shall be allowed as an admitted asset or as a deduction from liability, to a ceding society for reinsurance made, ceded, renewed. or otherwise becoming effective after the effective date of this chapter, unless the reinsurance is payable by the assuming insurer on the basis of the liability of the ceding society under the contract or contracts reinsured without diminution because of the insolvency of the ceding society,
(b) Notwithstanding the limitation in sub I of this a society may reinsure the risks of another society in a consolidation or merger approved by the Commissioner under §6214 or this title.
§ 6214. Consolidations and mergers
(a) A domestic society may consolidate or merge with any other society by complying with the provisions of this and the applicable provisions of the statutes of this state governing the merger or consolidation of nonstock corporations. It shall file with the Commissioner:
(1) a certified copy of the written contract containing in full the terms and conditions of the consolidation or merger;
(2) a sworn statement by the president and secretary' or corresponding officers of each society showing the financial condition thereof on a date fixed by the Commissioner, but not earlier than December 31 next preceding the date of the contract;
(3) a certificate of such officers, duly verified by their respective oaths. that the consolidation or merger has been approved by a two-thirds vote of the supreme governing body of each society, such vote being conducted at a regular or special meeting of each such body. or, if the society's laws so permit, by mail; and
(4) evidence that at least 60 days prior to the action of the supreme governing body of each society, the text of the contract has been furnished to all members of each society either by mail or by publication in full in the official publication of each society.
(b) If the Commissioner finds that the contract is in conformity with the provisions of this , that the financial statements are correct. and that the consolidation or merger is just and equitable to the members or each society, the Commissioner shall approve the contract and issue a certificate to such effect, Upon such approval, the contract shall be in fill knee and effect unless any society which is a party to the contract is incorporated under the laws of any other state or territory, In such event the consolidation or merger shall not become effective unless and until it has been approved as provided by the laws or such state or territory and a certificate of such approval filed with the Commissioner of this State, or, if the laws of such state or territory contain no such provision, then the consolidation or merger shaft not become effective unless and until it has- been approved by the Commissioner of Insurance of such state or territory and a certificate of such approval filed with the Commissioner of this State.
(c) Upon the consolidation or merger becoming effective as herein provided, all the rights, franchises and interests of the consolidated or merged societies in and to every species of property. real, personal or mixed, and things in action (hereunto belonging shall be vested in the society resulting from or remaining tiller the consolidation or merger without any other instrument, except that conveyances of real property may he evidenced by proper deeds, and the title to any real estate or interest therein, vested under the laws of this State in any of the societies consolidated or merged, shall not revert or be in any way impaired by reason of the consolidation or merger, but shall vest absolutely in the society resulting from or remaining after such consolidation or merger.
(d) the affidavit of any officer of the society or of anyone authorized by it to mail any notice or document, stating that such notice or document has been duly addressed and mailed, shall be prima facie evidence that such notice or document has- been furnished the addressees.
* 6215. Conversion of &menial benefit society into a mutual life insurance company
Any domestic fraternal benefit society may he converted and licensed as a mutual life insurance company by compliance with all the applicable requirements of 0905 of this title. A plan of conversion shall be prepared in writing by the board of directors setting forth in full the terms and conditions of conversion. The affirmative vote of two-thirds of all members of the supreme governing body at a regular or special meeting shall he necessary for the approval of such plan. No such conversion shall take effect unless and until improved by the Commissioner who may give such approval if the Commissioner finds that the proposed change is in cot-dim-tiny with the requirements of law and not prejudicial to the certificate holders of the society.
Subchapter IV. Contractual Benefits
(a) A society may provide the following contractual benefits in any form:
(1) death benefits;
2) endowment benefits:
(3 ) annuity benefits;
(4) temporary or permanent disability benefits:
(5) hospital, medical or nursing benefits; and
(6) monument or tombstone benefits to the memory of deceased members;
(7) such other benefits as authorized fix life insurers and which are not inconsistent with this chapter.
(b) A society shall specify. in its rules those persons who may he issued, or covered by, the contractual benefits in sub (a) of this , consistent with providing benefits to members and their dependents. A society may provide benefits on the lives of children under the minimum age for adult membership upon application of an adult person.
§ 6217. Beneficiaries,
(a) file owner of a benefit contract shall have the right at all times to change the beneficiary or beneficiaries in accordance with the laws or rules of the society unless the owner waives this right by specifically requesting in writing that the beneficiary designation be irrevocable. A society may, through its laws or rules, limit the scope of beneficiary designations and shall provide that no revocable beneficiary shall have or obtain any vested interest in the proceeds of any certificate until the certificate has become due and payable in conformity with the Provisions of the benefit contract.
(b) A society may make provision for the payment of funeral benefits to the extent of such portion of any payment under a certificate as might reasonably appear to be due to any person equitably entitled thereto by reason of having incurred expense occasioned by the burial of the member, provided the portion so paid shall not exceed the sum of $500 dollars.
(c) If, at the death of any person insured under a benefit contract, there is no lawful beneficiary to whom the proceeds shall be payable, the amount of such benefit, except to the extent that funeral benefits may be paid as hereinbefore provided, shall be payable to the personal representative of the deceased insured, provided that if the owner of the certificate is other than the insured, such proceeds shall be payable to such owner.
§ 6218. Benefits not attachable
No money or other benefit, charity, relief or aid to be paid, provided or rendered by any society, shall be liable to attachment, garnishment or other process, or to be seized, taken, appropriated or applied by any legal or equitable process or operation of law to pay any debt or liability of a member or beneficiary, or any other person who may have a right thereunder, either before or after payment by the society.
§ 6219. The Benefit Contract
(a) Every society authorized to do business in this State shall issue to each owner of a benefit contract a certificate specifying the amount of benefits provided thereby. The certificate. together with any riders or endorsements attached thereto, the laws of the society, the application for membership, the application for insurance and declaration of insurability, if any, signed by the applicant, and all amendments to each thereof, shall constitute the benefit contract, as of the date of issuance, between the society and the owner, and the certificate shall so state. A copy of the application for insurance and declaration of insurability, if any, shall be endorsed upon or attached to the certificate. All statements on the application shall be representations and not warranties. Any waiver of this provision shall be void.
(a) Any changes, additions or amendments to the laws of the society duly made or enacted subsequent to the issuance of the certificate, shall bind the owner and the beneficiaries, and shall govern and control the benefit contract in all respects the same as though such changes. additions or amendments had been made prior to and were in force at the time of the application for insurance, except that no change, addition or amendment shall destroy or diminish benefits which the society contracted to give the owner as of the date of issuance.
(b) Any person upon whose life a benefit contract is issued prior to attaining the age of majority shall be bound by the terms of the application and certificate and by all the laws and rules of the society to the same extent as though the age of majority had been attained at the time of application.
(c) A society shall provide in its laws that if its reserves as to all or any class of certificates become impaired its board of directors or corresponding body may require that there shall be paid by the owner to the society the amount of the owner's equitable proportion of such deficiency as ascertained by its board, and that if the payment is not made either (I) it shall stand as an indebtedness against the certificate and draw interest not to exceed the rate specified for certificate loans under the certificates; or (2) in lieu of or in combination with (1), the owner may accept a proportionate reduction in benefit under the certificate. The society may specify the manner of the election and which alternative is to be presumed if no election is made.
(d) Copies of any of the documents mentioned in this, certified by the secretary or corresponding officer of the society, shall be received in evidence of the terms and conditions thereof.
(e) No certificate shall be delivered or issued for delivery in this State unless a copy of the form has been filed with and approved by the Commissioner in the manner provided tiff like policies issued by life and disability insurers in this State. Every life, accident and sickness, health or disability insurance certificate and every annuity certificate issued on or after one year front the effective date of this chapter must be filed with and approved by the Commissioner and shall meet the standard contract provision requirements not inconsistent with this chapter for like policies issued by life and disability insurers in this State, except that a society may provide for a grace period for payment of premiums of I full month in its certificates. The certificate shall also contain a provision stating the amount of premiums which are payable under the certificate and a provision reciting or setting forth the substance of any s of the society's laws or rules in force at the time of issuance of the certificate which, if violated, will result in the termination or reduction of benefits payable under the certificate. If the laws of the society provide for expulsion or suspension of a member, the certificate shall also contain a provision that any member so expelled or suspended, except for nonpayment of a premium or within the contestable period for material misrepresentation in the application for membership or insurance, shall have the privilege of maintaining the certificate in force by continuing payment of the required premium. Any filing made hereunder shall be deemed approved unless disapproved within 60 days from the date of such filing.
(g) Benefit contracts issued on the lives of persons below the society's minimum age for adult membership may provide for transfer of control of ownership to the insured at an age specified in the certificate. A society may require approval of an application for membership in order to effect this transfer, and may provide in all other respects for the regulation, government and control of such certificates and all rights, obligations and liabilities incident thereto and connected therewith. Ownership rights prior to such transfer shall be specified in the certificate.
(h) A society may specify the terms and conditions on which benefit contracts may be assigned.
§ 6220. Nonforfeiture benefits_cash surrender values certificate loans and other options,
(a) For certificates issued prior to I year after the effective date of this chapter, the value of every paid-up nonforfeiture benefit and the amount of any cash surrender value, loan or other option granted shall comply with the provisions of law applicable immediately prior to the effective date of this chapter.
(b) For certificates issued on or after I year from the effective date of this chapter for which reserves are computed on the Commissioner's 1941 Standard Ordinary Mortality Table, the Commissioner's 1941 Standard Industrial Table or the Commissioner's 1958 Standard Ordinary Mortality Table, or the Commissioner's 1980 Standard Mortality Table, or any more recent table made applicable to life insurers, every paid-up nonforfeiture benefit and the amount of any cash surrender value, loan or other option granted shall not be less than the corresponding amount ascertained in accordance with the laws of this State applicable to life insurers issuing policies containing like benefits based upon such tables.
Subchapter V. Financial
§ 6221. Investments,
A society shall invest its funds only in such investments as are authorized by the laws of this State for the investment of assets of life insurers and subject to the limitations thereon. Any foreign or alien society permitted or seeking to do business in this State which invests its funds in accordance with the laws of the state, district, territory, country or province in which it is incorporated, shall be held to meet the requirements of this for the investment of funds.
§ 6222. Funds,
(a) All assets shall be held, invested and disbursed for the use and benefit of the society and no member or beneficiary shall have or acquire individual rights therein or become entitled to any apportionment on the surrender of any part thereof, except as provided in the benefit contract.
(b) A society may create, maintain, invest, disburse and apply any special fund or funds necessary to carry out any purpose permitted by the laws of such society.
(c) A society may, pursuant to resolution of its supreme governing body, establish and operate one or more separate accounts and issue contracts on a variable basis, subject to the provisions of law regulating life insurers establishing such accounts and issuing such contracts. To the extent the society deems it necessary in order to comply with any applicable federal or state laws, or any rules issued thereunder, the society may adopt special procedures for the conduct of the business and affairs of a separate account, may, for persons having beneficial interests therein, provide special voting and other rights, including without limitation special rights and procedures relating to investment policy, investment advisory services, selection of certified public accountants, and selection of a committee to manage the business and affairs of the account, and may issue contracts on a variable basis to which subs (b) and (d) of §6219 of this title shall not apply.
§ 6223. Exemptions Application of Other Code Provisions
(a) Except as herein provided, societies shall be governed by this chapter and shall be exempt from all other provisions of the insurance laws of this State, not only in governmental relations with this State, but for every other purpose. No law hereafter enacted shall apply to them, unless they be expressly designated therein.
(b) Societies shall also be subject to §§505 to 509 inclusive, §523, §527 to §529 inclusive, §530, *532, §I WI, §1102, §1105, §1108 and §1115 to §11l8 inclusive.
§ 6224. Taxation
Every society organized or licensed under this chapter is hereby declared to be a charitable and benevolent institution, and all of its funds shall be exempt from all and every state, county. district, municipal and school tax other than taxes on real estate and office equipment.
Subchapter VI. Regulation
§ 6225. Valuation
(a) Standards of valuation for certificates issued prior to I year after the effective date of this chapter shall be those provided by the laws applicable immediately prior to the effective date of this chapter.
(b) The minimum standards of valuation for certificates issued on or after I year from the effective date of this chapter shall be based on the following tables:
(1) For certificates of life insurance - the Commissioner's 1941 Standard-Ordinary Mortality Table, the Commissioner's 1941 Standard Industrial Mortality Table, the Commissioner's 1958 Standard Ordinary Mortality Table, the Commissioner's 1980 Standard Ordinary Mortality Table or any more recent table made applicable to life insurers;
(2) For annuity and pure endowment certificates, for total and permanent disability benefits, for accidental death benefits and for non-cancelable accident and health benefits - such tables as are authorized for use by life insurers in this State.
All of the above shall be under valuation methods and standards (including interest assumptions) in accordance with the laws of this State applicable to life insurers issuing policies containing like benefits.
(c) The Commissioner may, in his or her discretion. accept other standards fix valuation if the Commissioner finds that the reserves produced thereby will not he less in the aggregate than reserves computed in accordance with the minimum valuation standard herein prescribed. the Commissioner may, in his or her discretion, vary the standards of mortality applicable to all benefit contracts on substandard lives or other extra hazardous lives by any society authorized to do business in this State.
(d) Any society, with the consent of the Commissioner of Insurance of the state of domicile of the society and under such conditions, if any, which the Commissioner may impose. may establish and maintain reserves on its certificates in excess of the reserves required thereunder, but the contractual rights of any benefit member shall not be affected thereby.
§ 6226. Reports.
Reports shall be filed in accordance with the provisions of this.
(1) Every society transacting business in this State shall annually, on or before the 1st day of March, unless for cause shown such time has been extended by the Commissioner, file with the Commissioner a true statement of its financial condition, transactions and affairs for the preceding calendar year and pay a fee of $25 for filing same. The statement shall he in general form and context as approved by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners for fraternal benefit societies and as supplemented by additional information required by the Commissioner.
(2) As part of the annual statement herein required, each society shall, on or before the 1st day of March. file with the Commissioner a valuation of its certificates in force on December 31 last preceding, provided the Commissioner may, in his or her discretion for cause shown, extend the time for filing such valuation for not more than 2 calendar months. Such valuation shall he done in accordance with the standards specified in §6225 of this title. Such valuation and underlying data shall be certified by a qualified actuary or, at the expense of the society, verified by the actuary, of the department of insurance of the state of domicile of the society.
(3) A society neglecting to file the annual statement in the form and within the time provided by this may be subject to a fine of $100 dollars for each day during which such neglect continues, and its authority to do business in this State may he suspended by the Commissioner while such default continues.
§ 6227. Annual License
Societies- which are now authorized to transact business in this State may continue such business until the 1st day of April next succeeding the effective date of this chapter. The authority of such societies and all societies hereafter licensed may thereafter he renewed annually, but in all cases- to terminate on the 1st day of the succeeding April. However. a license so issued shall continue in full force and effect until the new license be issued or specifically refused. For each such license or renewal the society shall pay the Commissioner $25. A duly certified copy or duplicate of such license shall he prima facie evidence that the licensee is a fraternal benefit society within the meaning of this chapter.
§ 6228. Examination of societies. no adverse publications,
(a) the Commissioner, or any person he or she may appoint, may examine any domestic, foreign or alien society transacting or applying for admission to transact business in this State in the same manner as authorized titer examination of domestic. foreign or alien insurers, Requirements of notice and an opportunity to respond before findings are made public as provided in the laws regulating insurers shall also be applicable to the examination of societies.
(b) the expense of each examination and of each valuation, including compensation and actual expense of examiners, shalt be paid by the society examined or whose certificates are valued, upon statements furnished by the Commissioner.
§ 6229. Foreign or alien society - admission
No foreign or alien society' shall transact business in this State without a license issued by the Commissioner. Any such society desiring admission to this State shall comply substantially with the requirements and limitations of this chapter applicable to domestic societies. Any such sock.' y may be licensed to transact business in this State upon filing with the Commissioner:
(1) a duly certified copy of its chapters or incorporation;
(2) a copy of its bylaws, certified by its secretary or corresponding officer:
(3) a power of attorney to the Commissioner as prescribed in §6235 of this title;
(4) a statement of its business under oath of its president and secretary or corresponding officers in a form prescribed by the Commissioner, duly verified by an examination made by the supervising insurance official of its home state or other state, territory. province or country, satisfactory to the Commissioner;
(5) certification from the proper official of its home state, territory, province or country that the society is legally incorporated and licensed to transact business therein;
(6) copies of its certificate forms; and
(7) such other information as the Commissioner may deem necessary; upon a showing that its assets are invested in accordance with the provisions of this chapter.
§ 6230. Injunction - liquidation - receivership of domestic society
(a) When the Commissioner upon investigation finds that a domestic society has exceeded its powers, has failed to comply with any provision of this chapter, is not fulfilling its contracts in good faith, has a membership of less than 400 after an existence of 1 year or more, or is conducting business fraudulently or in a manner hazardous to its members, creditors or the public. the Commissioner shall notify the society of such deficiency or deficiencies and state in writing the reasons for his or her dissatisfaction. The Commissioner shall simultaneously issue a written notice to the society requiring that the deficiency or deficiencies which exist be corrected. After such notice the society shall have a 30 day period in which to comply with the Commissioner's request for correction, and if the society fails to comply, the Commissioner shall take such action as is necessary and appropriate under Chapter 59 of this title.
(b) The Commissioner may take such action as is necessary and appropriate under this as respects a domestic society which shall voluntarily determine to discontinue business.
§ 6231. Suspension, revocation or refusal of license of foreign or alien society
(a) When the Commissioner upon investigation finds that a foreign or alien society transacting or applying to transact business in this State:
(1) has exceeded its powers;
(2) has failed to comply with any of the provisions of this chapter;
(3) is not fulfilling its contracts in good faith; or
(4) is conducting its business fraudulently or in a manner hazardous to its members or creditors or the public; the Commissioner shall notify the society of such deficiency or deficiencies and state in writing the reasons for his or her dissatisfaction. The Commissioner shall at once issue a written notice to the society requiring that the deficiency or deficiencies which exist are corrected. After such notice the society shall have a 30 day period in which to comply with the Commissioner's request for correction, and if the society fails to comply the Commissioner shall notify the society of such findings of noncompliance and require the society to show cause on a date named why its license should not be suspended, revoked or refused. If on such date the society does not present good and sufficient reason why its authority to do business in this State should not be suspended, revoked or refused, the Commissioner may suspend or refuse the license of the society to do business in this State until satisfactory evidence is furnished to the Commissioner that such suspension or refusal should be withdrawn or the Commissioner may revoke the authority of the society to do business in this State.
(b) Nothing contained in this shall be taken or construed as preventing any such society from continuing in good faith all contracts made in this State during the time such society was legally authorized to transact business herein.
§ 6232. Injunction,
No application or petition for injunction against any domestic, foreign or alien society, or lodge thereof, shall be recognized in any court of this State unless made by the attorney-general upon request of the Commissioner.
§ 6233. Licensing of agents,
(a) Agents of societies shall be licensed in accordance with the provisions of Chapter 17 of this title. Agents licensed prior to the effective date of this chapter shall not be required to take a written or other examination.
(b) No examination or license shall be required of any regular salaried officer, employee or member of a licensed society who devotes substantially all of his or her services to activities other than the solicitation of fraternal insurance contracts from the public, and who receives for the solicitation of such contracts no commission or other compensation directly dependent upon the amount of business obtained.
(c) Any agent or representative of a society who devotes, or intends to devote, less than 50% of his time to solicitation and procurement of insurance contracts for such society shall be exempt from the requirements of paragraph (a) of this . Any person who in the preceding calendar year has solicited and procured life insurance contracts on behalf of any society in an amount of insurance in excess of $125,000, or, in the case of any other kind or kinds of insurance which the society might write, on the persons of more than 25 individuals and who has received or will receive a commission or other compensation therefor shall be presumed to be devoting, or intending to devote, 50% of his time to the solicitation or procurement of insurance contracts for such society.
§ 6234. Unfair methods of competition and unfair and deceptive acts and practices,
Every society authorized to do business in this State shall be subject to Chapter 23 of this title relating to unfair practices; provided, however, that nothing therein shall be construed as applying to or affecting the right of any society to determine its eligibility requirements for membership, or be construed as applying to or affecting the offering of benefits exclusively to members or persons eligible for membership in the society by a subsidiary corporation or affiliated organization of the society.
Subchapter VII. Miscellaneous § 6235. Service of process
(a) Every society authorized to do business in this State shall appoint in writing the Commissioner and each successor in office to be its true and lawful attorney upon whom all lawful process in any action or proceeding against it shall be served, and shall agree in such writing that any lawful process against it which is served on such attorney shall be of the same legal force and validity as if served upon the society, and that the authority shall continue in force so long as any liability remains outstanding in this State. Copies of such appointment, certified by the Commissioner, shall be deemed sufficient evidence thereof and shall be admitted in evidence with the same force and effect as the original thereof might be admitted.
(b) Service shall only be made upon the Commissioner, or if absent, upon the person in charge of his or her office. It shall be made in duplicate and shall constitute sufficient service upon the society. When legal process against a society is served upon the Commissioner, he shall forthwith forward I of the duplicate copies by registered mail, prepaid, directed to the secretary or corresponding officer. No such service shall require a society to file its answer, pleading or defense in less than 30 days from the date of mailing the copy of the service to a society. Legal process shall not be served upon a society except in the manner herein provided.
(c) At the time of serving any process upon the Commissioner, the plaintiff or
complainant in the action shall pay to the Commissioner a fee of $2.
§ 6236. Penalties.
(a) A person who shall knowingly or willfully make any false or fraudulent statement or representation in or relating to any application for membership or for the purpose of obtaining money from or a benefit in any society, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction be lined not less than $100 nor more than $500, or imprisonment in the county jail not less than 30 days nor more than 1 year, or both.
(b) Any person who willfully makes a false or fraudulent statement in any verified report or declaration under oath required or authorized by this chapter, or of any material fact or thing contained in a sworn statement concerning the death or disability of an insured for the purpose of procuring payment of a benefit named in the certificate, shall be guilty of perjury and shall be subject to the penalties therefor prescribed by law,
(c) Any person who solicits membership for, or in any manner assists in procuring membership in any society not licensed to do business in this State shall upon conviction be fined not less than $100 nor more than $500.
(d) Any person guilty of a willful violation of, or neglect or refusal to comply with, the provisions of this chapter for which a penalty is not otherwise prescribed, shall upon conviction. by subject to the penalties provided by §106 (General penalty) of this title.
§ 6237. Exemption of certain societies
(a) Nothing contained in this chapter shall be so construed as to affect or apply to:
(1) grand or subordinate lodges of societies, orders or associations now doing business in this State which provide benefits exclusively through local or subordinate lodges.
(2) Orders, societies or associations which admit to membership only persons engaged in one or more crafts or hazardous occupations, in the same or similar lines of business: and the ladies societies or ladies auxiliaries to such orders, societies or associations:
(3) Domestic societies which limit their membership to employees of a particular city or town, designated rim business house or corporation which provide for a death benefit of not more than $400 or disability benefits of not more than $350 to any person in an 1 year, or both;
(4) Domestic societies or associations of a purely religious. charitable or benevolent description, which provide for a death benefit of not more than $400 or for disability benefits of not more than $350 to any one person in any 1 year. or both.
(b) Any such society or association described in paragraph (3) or (4) of sub (a) Of this which provides for death or disability benefits for which benefit certificates are issued, and an such society or association included in paragraph (4) which has more than 1,000 members, shall not be exempted from the provisions of this chapter but shall comply with all requirements thereof
(c) No society which, by the provisions or this is exempt from the requirements or this chapter, except any society described in paragraph (2) of sub (a) of this . shall give or allow or promise to give or allow to any person any compensation for procuring new members.
(d) Every fraternal benefit society heretofore organized and incorporated and which provides exclusively for benefits in case of death or disability resulting solely from accident, and which does not obligate itself to pay natural death or sick benefits shall have all of the privileges and be subject to all the applicable provisions and regulations of this chapter except that the privileges thereof relating to medical examination. valuations or benefit certificates and incontestability, shall not apply to such society.
(e) The Commissioner may require from any soviet) or association. by examination or such information us will enable the Commissioner to determine whether such society association is exempt from the provisions of this chapter.
(f) Societies exempted under the provisions of this shall also be exempt from all other provisions of the insurance laws of this State.
§ 6238. Review
All decisions and findings of the Commissioner made under the provisions of this chapter shall be subject to review as set forth in Chapter 3 of this title and in Chapter 101 of Title 29.
If any provision of this act or application thereof to any person, entity or circumstance is held invalid. the invalidity shall not affect other provisions or applications of this Act, and to this end the provisions of this Act are severable.
Paragraph (6) of § 1723. Title 18. and Chapter 61. Title 18, of the Delaware Code are hereby repealed.
2. Effective date
This Act shall become effective on January 1, 1997.
Approved July 18, 1996