CHAPTER 55

FORMERLY

HOUSE BILL NO. 97

AN ACT TO AMEND CHAPTERS 11 AND 29, TITLE 18 OF THE DELAWARE CODE, RELATING TO INSURANCE; AND PROVIDING FOR A STANDARD NON-FORFEITURE AND VALUATION LAW.

BE IT ENACTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE STATE OF DELAWARE:

Section 1. Subsection (a), Section 1113, Chapter 11, Title 18, Delaware Code is amended by striking all of said subsection (a) and Inserting in lieu thereof the following new subsection (a).

(a) This section shall apply to only those policies and contracts issued on or after the operative date of the Standard Nonforfefture Law, 52929 of this Title, except as otherwise provided in paragraphs (2) and (3) of subsection (b) of this section for group annuity and pure endowment contracts issued prior to such operative date.

Section 2. The introductory clause of Subsection (b) (1), Section 1113, Chapter 11, Title 18, Delaware Code is amended by striking all of said clause and inserting in lieu thereof the following new introductory clause:

(b) (1) Except as otherwise provided in paragraphs (2) and (3) of this subsection, the minimum standard for the valuation of all policies and contracts to which this section applies shall be the commissioner's reserve valuation methods defined in subsections (c), (d) and (g) of this section, 3-1/2% interest, or in the case of policies and contracts, other than annuity and pure endowment contracts, issued on or after June 21, 1973, 4% interest for such policies issued prior to July 8, 1980, and 4-1/2% interest for such policies issued on or after July 8, 1980, and the following tables.

Section 3. Subparagraph (b) (1) a., Section 1113, Chapter 11, Title 18, Delaware Code is amended by striking all of said subparagraph and inserting in lieu thereof the following new subparagraph:

(a) For all ordinary policies of life insurance issued on the standard basis, excluding any disability and accidental death benefits in such policies, — the Commissioners 1941 Standard Ordinary Mortality Table for such policies issued prior to the operative date of §2929 (e) of this Title; the Commissioners 1958 Standard Ordinary Mortality Table for such policies issued on or after the operative date of subsection (e) of the Standard Nonforfeiture Law for Life Insurance as amended and prior to the operative date of subsection (g) of the Standard Nonforefelture Law for Life Insurance as amended, provided that for any category of such policies issued on female risks, all modified net premiums and present values referred to in this section may be calculated according to an age not more than six years younger than the actual age of the insured; and for such policies issued on or after the operative date of subsection (g) of the Standard Nonforfeiture Law for Life Insurance as amended (I) the Commissioners 1980 Standard Ordinary Mortality Table, or (II) at the election of the insurer for any one or more specified plans of life insurance, the Commissioners 1980 Standard Ordinary Mortality Table with Ten-Year Select Mortality Factors, or (Ili) any ordinary mortality table, adopted after 1980 by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners, that is approved by regulation promulgated by the commissioner for use in determining the minimum standard of valuation for such policies.

Section 4. Subparagraph (b) (1) b., Section 1113, Chapter 11, Title 18, Delaware Code is amended by striking all of said subparagraph and inserting in lieu thereof the following new subparagraph:

b. For all industrial life insurance policies issued on the standard basis, excluding any disability and accidental death benefits in such policies, — the 1941 Standard Industrial Mortality Table for such policies issued prior to the operative date of S2929 (d-2) of this Title, and for such policies Issued on or after such operative date the Commissioners 1961 Standard Industrial Mortality Table or any industrial mortality table, adopted after 1980 by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners, that is approved by regulation promulgated by the commissioner for use in determining the minimum standard of valuation for such policies.

Section 5. Subparagraph (b) (1) e., Section 1113, Chapter 11, Title 18, Delaware Code is amended by striking all of said subparagraph and inserting in lieu thereof the following new subparagraph:

e. For total and permanent disability benefits in or supplementary to ordinary policies or contracts — for policies or contracts issued on or after January 1, 1966, the tables of Period 2 disablement rates and the 1930 and 1950 termination rates of the 1952 Disability Study of the Society of Actuaries, with due regard to the type of benefit or any tables of disablement rates and termination rates, adopted after 1980 by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners, that

are approved by regulation promulgated by the commissioner for use in determining the minimum standard of valuation for such policies; for policies or contracts issued on or after January 1, 1961, and prior to January 1, 1986, either such tables or, at the option of the company, the Class (3) Disability Table (1926); and for policies issued prior to January 1, 1961, the Class (3) Disability Table (1926). Any such table shall, for active lives, be combined with a mortality table permitted for calculating the reserves for life insurance policies.

Section 6. Subparagraph (b) (1) f., Section 1113, Chapter 11, Title 18, Delaware Code is amended by striking all of said subparagraph and inserting in lieu thereof the following new subparagraph:

f. For accidental death benefits in or supplementary to policies - for policies issued on or after January 1, 1966, the 1959 Accidental Death Benefits Table or any accidental death benefits table, adopted after 1980 by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners, that is approved by regulation promulgated by the commissioner for use in determining the minimum standard of valuation for such policies; for policies Issued on or after January 1, 1961, and prior to January 1, 1966, either such table or, at the option of the Insurer, the Inter-Company Double Indemnity Mortality Table; and for policies issued prior to January 1, 1961, the Inter-Company Double Indemnity Mortality Table. Either table shall be combined with a mortality table permitted for calculating the reserves for life insurance policies.

Section 7. Subparagraph (b) (2), Section 1113, Chapter 11, Title 18, Delaware Code Is amended by striking all of said subparagraph and inserting in lieu thereof the following new subparagraph:

(2) Except as provided in paragraph (3) of subsection (b), the minimum standard for the valuation of all Individual annuity and pure endowment contracts issued on or after the operative date of this paragraph, as defined herein, and for all annuities and pure endowments purchased on or after such operative date under group annuity and pure endowment contracts, shall be the commissioners reserve valuation methods defined in subsections (c) and (d) of this section and the following tables and interest rates:

a. For individual annuity and pure endowment contracts issued prior to July 8, 1980, excluding any disability and accidental death benefits, in such contracts - the 1971 Individual Annuity Mortality Table, or any modification of this table approved by the commissioner, and 6% interest for single premium immediate annuity contracts, and 4% Interest for all other individual annuity and pure endowment contracts.

b. For individual single premium immediate annuity contracts issued on or after July 8, 1980, excluding any disability and accidental death benefits in such contracts, - the 1971 individual Annuity Mortality Table or any individual annuity mortality table, adopted after 1980 by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners, that is approved by regulation promlgated by the commissioner for use in determining the minimum standard of valuation for such contracts, or any modification of these tables approved by the commissioner, and 7-1/2% interest.

c. For individual annuity and pure endowment contracts issued on or after July 8, 1980, other than single premium immediate annuity contracts, excluding any disability and accidental death benefits in such contracts - the 1971 Individual Annuity Mortality Table or any individual annuity mortality table, adopted after 1980 by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners, that is approved by regulation promulgated by the commissioner for use in determining the minimum standard of valuation for such contracts, or any modification of these tables approved by the commissioner, and 5-1/2% interest for single premium deferred annuity and pure endowment contracts and 4-1/2% interest for all other such individual annuity and pure endowment contracts.

d. For all annuities and pure endowments purchased prior to July 8, 1980, under group annuity and pure endowment contracts, excluding any disability and accidental death benefits purchased under such contracts the 1971 Group Annuity Mortality Table, or any modification of this table approved by the commissioner, and 6% Interest.

e. For all annuities and pure endowments purchased on or after July 8, 1980, under group annuity and pure endowment contracts, excluding any disability and accidental death benefits purchased under such contracts, - the 1971 Group Annuity Mortality Table or any group annuity mortality table, adopted after 1980 by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners, that is approved by regulation promulgated by the commissioner for use in determining the minimum standard of valuation for such annuities and pure endowments, or any modification of these tables approved by the commissioner, and 7-1/2% interest.

After June 21, 1973, any insurer may file with the commissioner a written notice of its election to comply with the provisions of this paragraph after a specified date before January 1, 1979, which shall be the operative date of this paragraph for such insurer, provided that an insurer may elect a different operative date for individual annuity and pure endowment contracts from that elected for group annuity and pure endowment contracts. If an insurer makes no such election, the operative date of this paragraph for such insurer shall be January 1, 1979.

Section 8. Section 1113, Chapter 11, Title 18, Delaware Code is amended by adding a new subparagraph (b) (3) as follows:

(b) (3) (A) Applicability of this Paragraph

(1) The Interest rates used in determining the minimum standard for the valuation of:

(a) all life insurance policies issued in a particular calendar year, on or after the operative date of subsection (g) of the Standard Nonforefelture Law for Life Insurance,

(b) all individual annuity and pure endowment contracts issued in a particular calendar year on or after January 1, 1984,

(c) all annuities and pure endowments purchased in a particular calendar year on or after January 1, 1984 under group annuity and pure endowment contracts, and

(d) the net increase, if any, in a particular calendar year after January 1, 1984, in amounts held under guaranteed interest contracts shall be the calendar year statutory valuation interest rates as defined In this paragraph.

(B) Calendar Year Statutory Valuation Interest Rates

(1) The calendar year statutory valuation interest rates, 1, shall be determined as follows and the results rounded to the nearer one-quarter of one percent (1/4 of 1%):

(a) Por life Insurance,

I=.03 + W (R1 - .03 + W R2-.09):

2

(b) For single premium Immediate annuities and for annuity benefits involving life contingencies arising from other annuities with cash settlement options and from guaranteed interest contracts with cash settlement option,

I=.03 + W (R - .03)

where R1 Is the lesser of R and .09,

where R2 is the greater of R and .09,

where R is the reference interest rate defined in this paragraph, and W is the weighting factor defined in this paragraph,

(c) For other annuities with cash settlement options and guaranteed interest contracts with cash settlement options, valued on an Issue year basis, except as stated in (b) above, the formula for life Insurance stated in (a) above shall apply to annuities and guaranteed interest contracts with guarantee durations in excess of ten (10) years and the formula for single premium Immediate annuities stated in (b) above shall apply to annuities and guaranteed interest contracts with guarantee duration of ten (10) years or less,

(d) For other annuities with no cash settlement options and for guaranteed interest contracts with no cash settlement options, the formula for single premium immediate annuities stated in (b) above shall apply.

(e) For other annuities with cash settlement options and guaranteed interest contracts with cash settlement options, valued on a change in fund basis, the formula for single premulm immediate annuities stated in (b) above shall apply.

(2) However, if the calendar year statutory valuation interest rate for any life insurance policies issued in any calendar year determined without reference to this sentence differs from the corresponding actual rate for similar policies issued in the immediately preceding calendar year by less than one-half of one percent (1/2 of 1%), the calendar year statutory valuation interest rate for such life insurance policies shall be equal to the corresponding actual rate for the immediately preceding calendar year. For purposes of applying the immediately preceding sentence, the calendar year statutory valuation interest rate for life insurance policies issued in a cisendar year shall be determined for 1980 (using the reference interest rate defined for 1979) shall be determined for each subsequent calendar year regardless of when subsection (g) of the Standard Nonforfeiture Law for Life Insurance becomes operative.

(C) Weighting Factors

(1) The weighting factors referred to in the formulas stated above are given In the following tables:

(a) Weighting Factors for Life Insurance:

Guarantee Duration Weighting

(Years) Factors

10 or less .50

More than 10, but not more than 20 .45

More than 20 .35

For life insurance, the guarantee duration is the maximum number of years the life insurance can remain in force on a basis guaranteed M the policy or under options to convert to plans of life insurance with premium rates or nonforfeiture values or both which are guaranteed in the original policy;

(a) Weighting factor for single premium immediate annuities and for annuity benefits involving life contingencies arising from other annuities with cash settlement options and guaranteed interest contracts with cash settlement options:

.80

(a) Weighting factors for other annuities and for guaranteed interest contracts, except as stated in (b) above, shall be as specified in tables (0, (it), and (tit) below, according to the rules and definitions in (iv), (v) and (vi) below:

(i) For annuities and guaranteed interest contracts valued on an issue year basis:

Guarantee Weighting Factor

Duration for Plan Type

(Years) A B C

5 or less: .80 .60 .50

More than 5, but not more than 10: .75 .60 .50

More than 10, but not more than 20: .85 .50 .45

More than 20: .45 .35 .35

(i) For annuities and guaranteed interest contracts valued on a change in fund basis, the factors shown in (i) above increased by:

Plan Type

A B C

.15 .25 .05

MO For annuities and guaranteed Interest contracts valued on an Issue year basis (other than those with no cash settlement options) which do not guarantee interest on considerations received more than one year after issue or purchase and for annuities and guaranteed interest contracts valued on a change in fund basis which do not guarantee interest rates on considerations received more than 12 months beyond the valuation date, the factors shown in (I) or derived In (II) Increased by:

Plan Type

A 13 C

.05 .05 .05

(iv) For other annuities with cash settlement options and guaranteed interest contracts with case settlement options, the guarantee duration is the number of years for which the contract guarantees interest rates in excess of the calendar year statutory valuation interest rate for life insurance policies with guarantee duration In excess of twenty (20) years. For other annuities with no cash settlement options and for guaranteed interest contracts with no cash setUment options, the guarantee duration is the number of years from the date of issue or date of purchase to the date annuity benefits are scheduledto commence.

(v) Plan type as used in the above tables is defined as follows:

Plan Type A: At any time policyholder may withdraw funds only (1) with an adjustment to reflect changes in interest rates or asset values since receipt of the funds by the insurer or (2) without such adjustment but in installments over five years or more, or (3) as an immediate life life annuity, or (4) no withdrawal permitted.

Plan Type 13: Before expiration of the Interest rate guarantee, policyholder may withdraw

funds only (1) with adjustment to reflect changes in interest rates or asset values since receipt of the funds by the insurance company, or (2) without such adjustment but in installments over five years or more, or (3) no withdrawal permitted. At the end of interest rate guarantee, funds may be withdrawn without such adjustment M a single sum or installments over less than five years.

Plan Type C: Policyholder may withdraw funds before expiration of interest rate guarantee in a single sum or installments over less than five years either (1) without adjustment to reflect changes in Interest rates or asset values since receipt of the funds by the insurance commpany, or (2) subject only to a fixed surrender charge stipulated in the contract as a percentage of the fund.

(vi) An insurer may elect to value guaranteed interest contracts with cash settlement options and annuities with cash settlement options on either an issue year basis or on a change in fund basis. Guaranteed interest contracts with no cash settlement options and other annuities with no cash settlement options must be valued on an issue year basis. As used in this subsection, an issue year basis of valuation refers to a valuation basis under which the interest rate used to determine the minimum valuation standard for the entire duration of the annuity or guaranteed interest contract is the calendar year valuation interest rate for the year of issue or year of purchase of the annuity or guaranteed interest contract, and the change in fund basis of valuation refers to a valuation basis under which the interest rate used to determine the minimum valuation standard applicable to each change in the fund held under the annuity or guaranteed interest contract is the calendar year valuation interest rate for the year of the change in the NM.

(D) Reference Interest Rate

(1) The Reference Interest Rate referred to in subparagraph (B) of this paragraph shall be defined as follows:

(a) For all life insurance, the lesser of the average over a period of thirty-six (36) months and the average over a period of twelve (12) months, ending on June 30 of the calendar year next preceding the year of issue, of Moody's Corporate Bond Yield Average — Monthly Average Corporates, as published by Moody's Investors Service, Inc.

(b) For single premium immediate annuities and for annuity benefits involving life contingencies arising from other annuities with cash settlement options and guaranteed interest contracts with cash settlement options, the average over a period of twelve (12) months, ending on June 30 of the calendar year of issue or year of purchase, of Moody's Corporate Bond Yield Average -- Monthly Average Corporates, as published by Moody's Investors Service, Inc.

(c) For other annuities with cash settlement options and guaranteed interest contracts with cash settlement options, valued on a year of issue basis, except as stated in (b) above, with guarantee duration in excess of ten (10) years, the lesser of the average over a period of thirty-six (36) months and the average over a period of twelve (12) months, ending on June 30 of the calendar year of Issue or purchase, of Moody's Corporate Bond Yield Average — Monthly Average Corporates, as published by Moody's Investors Service, Inc.

(d) For other annuities with cash settlement options and guaranteed Interest contracts with cash settlement options, valued on a year of issue basis, except as stated in (b) above, with guarantee duration of ten (10) years or less, the average over a period of twelve (12) months, ending on June 30 of the calendar year of issue or purchase, of Moody's Corporate Bond Yield Average — Monthly Average Corporates, as published by Moody's Investors Service, Inc.

(e) For other annuities with no cash settlement options and for guaranteed interest contracts with no cash settlement options, the average over a period of twelve (12) months, ending on June 30 of the calendar year of issue or purchase, of Moody's Corporate Bond Yield Average — Monthly Average Corporates, as published by Moody's Investors Service, Inc.

(f) For other annuities with cash settlement options and guaranteed interest contracts with cash settlement options, valued on a change in fund basis, except as stated in (b) above, the average over a period of twelve (12) months, ending on June 30 of the calendar year of the change in the fund, of Moody's Corporate Bond Yield Average — Monthly Average Corporates, as published by Moody's Investors Service, Inc.

(E) Alternative Method for Determining Reference Interest Rates

(1) In the event that Moody's Corporate Bond Yield Average — Monthly Average Corporates, as published by moody's Investors Service, Inc. Is no longer appropriate for the determination of the reference interest rate, then an alternative method for determination of the reference Interest rate, which is adopted by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners and approved by regulation promulgated by the commissioner, may be substituted.

Section 9. The final paragraph (not numbered) of subsection (c), Section 1113, Chapter 11, Title 18, Delaware Code is amended by repealing said paragraph, inserting in lieu thereof the following:

Provided that for any life insurance issued on or after January 1, 1987 for which the contract premium In the first policy year exceeds that of the second year and for which no comparable additional benefit is provided in the first year for such excess and which provides an endowment benefit or a cash surrender value or a combination thereof in an amount greater than such excess premium, the reserve according to the commissioners reserve valuation method as of any policy anniversary occurring on or before the assumed ending date defined herein as the first policy anniversary on which the sum of any endowment benefit and any cash surrender value then available is greater than such excess premium shall, except as otherwise provided in subsection (g), be the greater of the reserve as of such policy anniversary calculated as described in the preceding paragraph and the reserve as of such policy anniversary calculated as described in that paragraph, but with (i) the value defined in subparagraph (1) of that paragraph being reduced by fifteen percent of the amount of such excess first year premium, (i1) all present values of benefits and premiums being determined without reference to premiums or benefits provided for by the policy after the assumed ending date, (iii) the policy being assumed to mature on such date as an endowment, and (iv) the cash surrender value provided on such date being considered as an endowment benefit. In making the above comparison the mortality and interest bases stated in paragraphs (b)(2) and (b)(3) shall be used.

Reserves according to the commissioners reserve valuation method for: (I) life insurance policies providing for a varying amount of insurance or requiring the payment of varying premiums; (ii) group annuity and pure endowment contracts purchased under a retirement plan or plan of deferred compensation, established or maintained by an employer (including a partnership or sole proprietorship) or by an employee organization, or by both, other than a plan providing individual retirement accounts or individual retirement annuities under Section 408 of the Internal Revenue Code, as now or hereafter amended; (iii) disability and accidental death benefits in all policies and contracts; and (iv) all other benefits, except life insurance and endowment benefits in life insurance policies and bcneifts provided by all other annuity and pure endowment contracts, shall be calculated by a method consistent with the principles of the preceding paragraphs of this subsection, except that any extra premiums charged because of Impairments or special hazards shall be disregarded in the determination of modified net premiums.

Section 10. Subsection (e), Section 1113, Chapter 11, Title 18, Delaware Code is amended by striking all of said subsection and inserting in lieu thereof the following new subsection:

(e) In no event shall an insurer's aggregate reserves for all life insurance policies, excluding disability and accidental death benefits, issued on or after the effective date of this section, be less than the aggregate reserves calculated in accordance with the methods set forth in subsections (c), (d), (g) and (h) and the mortality table or tables and rate or rates of interest used in calculating nonforfeiture benefits for such policies.

Section 11. Subsection (g), Section 1113, Chapter I I, Title 18, Delawre Code is amended by striking all of said subsection and inserting in lieu thereof the following new subsection:

(g) If in any contract year the gross premium charged by any life insurance company on any policy or contract is less than the valuation net premium for the policy or contract calculated by the method used in calculating the reserve thereon but using the minimum valuation standards of mortality and rate of interest, the minimum reserve required for such policy or contract sha11 be the greater of either the reserve calculated according to the mortality table, rate of interest, and method actually used for such policy or contract, or the reserve calculated by the method actually used for such policy or contract but using the minimum valuation standards of mortality and rate of interest and replacing the valuation net premium by the actual gross premium in each contract year for which the valuation net premium exceeds the actual gross premium. The minimum valuation standards of mortality and rate of interest referred to in this subsection are those standards stated in paragraphs (bX1) and (bX3).

Provided that for any life insurance policy issued on or after January 1, 1987 for which the gross premium in the first policy year exceeds that of the second year and for which no comparable additional benefit is provided in the first year for such excess and which provides an endowment benefit or a cash surrender value or a combination thereof in an amount greater than such excess premium, the foregoing provisions of this subsection (g) shall be applied as if the method actually used in calculating the reserve for such policy were the method described in subsection (c), Ignoring the second paragraph of subsection (c). The minimum reserve at each policy anniversary of such policy shall be the greater of the minimum reserve calculated In accordance with subsection (c), including the second paragraph of that subsection, and the minimum reserve calculated in accordance with this subsection (g).

Section 12. Section 1113, Chapter 11, Title 18, Delaware Code, is amended by adding a new subsection (h) as follows:

(h) In the case of any plan of life insurance which provides for future premium determination, the amounts of which are to be determined by the insurance company based on then estimates of future experience, or in the case of any plan of life insurance or annuity which is of such a nature that the minimum reserves cannot be determined by the methods described in subsection (c), (d) and (g), the reserves which are held under any such plan must:

(1) be appropriate in relation to the benefits and the pattern of premiums for that plan, and

(2) be computed by a method which Is consistent with the principles of this Standard Valuation Law,

as determined by regulations promulgated by the commissioner.

Section 13. Subsection (a), Section 2929, Chapter 29, Title 18, Delaware Code, is amended by striking all of said subsection and inserting In lieu thereof the following new subsections

(a) In the case of policies issued on and after the operative date of this section as defined in subsection (1), no policy of life insurance, except as stated in section (k), shall be delivered or issued for delivery in this State unless it shall contain in substance the following provisions, or corresponding provisions which in the opinion of the Commissioner are at least as favorable to the defaulting or surrendering policyholder as are the minimum requirements hereinafter specified and are essentially in compliance with subsection (j) of this section:

(1) That, In the event of default in any premium payment, the Insurer will grant, upon proper request not later than sixty days after the due date of the premium in default, a paid-up nonforfeiture benefit on a plan stipulated in the policy, effective as of such due date, of such amount as may be hereinafter specified. In lieu of such stipulated paid-up nonforfeiture benefit, the insurer may substitute, upon proper request not later than sixty days after the due date of the premium in default, an actuarially equivalent alternative paid-up nonforfeiture benefit which provides a greater amount or longer period of death benefits or, if applicable, a greater amount or earlier payment of endowment benefits.

(2) That, upon surrender of the policy within sixty days after the due date of any premium payment In default after premiums have been paid for at least three full years in the case of ordinary insurance or five full years in the case of industrial insurance, the insurer will pay, In lieu of any paid-up nonforfeiture benefit, a cash surrender value of such amount as may be herein after specified.

(3) That a specified paid-up nonfortelture benefit shall become effective as specified in the policy unless the person entitled to make such election elects another available option not later than sixty days after the due date of the premium in default.

(4) That if the policy shall have become paid-up by completion of all premium payments or if it is continued under any paid-up nonforfeiture benefit which became effective on or after the third policy anniversary in the case of ordinary insurance or the fifth policy anniversary in the case of industrial insurance, the insurer will pay, upon surrender of the policy within thirty days after any policy anniversary, a cash surrender value of such amount as may be hereinafter specified.

(5) In the case of policies which cause on a basis guaranteed in the policy unscheduled changes in benefits or premiums, or which provide an option for changes In benefits or premiums other than a change to a new policy, a statement of the mortality table, interest rate, and method iced in calculating cash surrender values and the paid-up nonforfeiture benefits available under the policy. In the case of all other policies, a statement of the mortality table and interest rate used In calculating the cash surrender values and the paid-up nonforfeiture benefits available under the policy, together with a table showing the cash surrender value, if any, and paid-up nonforfeiture benefits, if any, available under the policy on each policy anniversary either during the first twenty policy years or during the term of the policy, whichever is shorter, such values and benefits to be

calculated upon the assumption that there are no dividends or paid-up additions credited to the policy and that there is no indebtedness to the insurer on the policy.

(6) A statement that the cash surrender values and the paid-up nonforfeiture benefits available under the policy are not less than the minimum values and benefits required by or pursuant to the Insurance law of the state in which the policy is delivered; an explanation of the manner in which the cash surrender values and the paid-up nonforfeiture benefits are altered by the existence of any paid-up addtions credited to the policy or any Indebtedness to the insurer on the policy; if a detailed statement of the method of computation of the values and benefits shown in the policy is not stated therein, a statement that such method of computation has been filed with the insurance supervisory official of the State in which the policy is delivered; and a statement of the method to be used in calculating the cash surrender value and paid-up nonforfelture benefit available under the policy on any policy anniversary beyond the last anniversary for which such values and benefits are consecutively shown in the policy.

Any of the foregoing provisions or portions thereof not applicable by reason of the plan of insurance may, to the extent Inapplicable, be omitted from the policy.

The Insurer shall reserve the right to defer the payment of any cash surrender value for a period of six months after demand therefor with surrender of the policy.

Section 14. Subsection (b), Section 2929, Chapter 29, Title 18, Delaware Code, Is amended by striking all or said subsection and Inserting in lieu thereof the following new subsection:

(b) Any cash surrender value available under the policy in the event of default in a premium payment due on any policy anniversary, whether or not required by subsection (a), shall be an amount not less than the excess, if any, of the present value, on such anniversary, of the future guaranteed benefits which would have been provided for by the policy, including any existing paid-up additions, If there had been no default, over the sum of (I) the then present value of the adjusted premiums as defined in subsections (d), (e), (f) and (g), corresponding to premiums which would have fallen due on and after such anniversary, and (2) the amount of any Indebtedness to the insurer on the policy.

Provided, however, that for any policy Issued on or after the operative date of subsection (g) as defined therein, which provides supplemental life insurance or annuity benefits at the option of the Insured and for an identifiable additional premium by rider or supplemental policy provision, the cash surrender value referred to in the first paragraph of this subsection shall be an amount not less than the sum of the cash surrender value as defined in such paragraph for an otherwise similar policy Issued at the same age without such rider or supplmental policy provision and the cash surrender value as defined in such paragraph for a policy which provides only the benefits otherwise provided by such rider or supplemental policy provision.

Provided, further, that for any family policy Issued on or after the operative date of subsection (g) as defined therein, which defines a primary insured and provides term insurance on the life of the spouse of the primary insured expiring before the spouse's age seventy-one, the cash surrender value referred to in the first paragraph of this subsection shall be an amount not less than the sum of the cash surrender value as defined in such paragraph for an otherwise similar policy issued at the same age without such term insurance on the life of the spouse and the cash surrender value as defined in such paragraph for a policy which provides only the benefits otherwise provided by such term insurance on the life of the spouse.

Any cash surrender value available within thirty days after any policy anniversary under any policy paid-up by completion of all premium payments or any policy continued under any paid-up nonforfeiture benefit, whether or not required by subsection (a), shall be an amount not less than the present value, on such anniversary, of the future guaranteed benefits provided for by the policy, Including any existing paid-up additions, decreased by any Indebtedness to the insurer on the policy.

Section 15. The first paragraph of subsection (d), Section 2929, Chapter 29, Title 18, Delaware Code, is amended by striking all of said first paragraph and inserting in lieu thereof the following new paragraph:

(d) This subsection (d) shall not apply to policies issued on or after the operative date of subsection (g) as defined therein. Except as provided in the third paragraph of this subsection, the adjusted premiums for any policy shall be calculated on an annual basis and shall be such uniform percentage of the respective premiums specified in the policy for each policy year, excluding amounts stated in the policy as extra premiums to cover Impairments or special hazards, that the present value, at the date of issue of the policy, of all such adjusted premiums shall be equal to the sum of (1) the then present value of the future guaranteed benefits provided for by the policy; (2) 2% of the amount of insurance, if the insurance be uniform in amount, or of the equivalent uniform amount, as hereinafter defined, if the amount of Insurance varies with duration of the policy; (3) 40% of the adjusted premium for the first policy year; (4) 25% of either the adjusted premium for the first policy year or the adjusted premium for a whole life policy of the same uniform or equivalent uniform amount with uniform premiums for the whole of life issued at the same age for the same amount of insurance, whichever is less. In applying the percentages specified in (3) and (4) above, no adjusted premium shall be deemed to exceed 4% of the amount of insurance or level amount equivalent thereto. The date of issue of a policy for the purpose of this subsection shall be the date as of which the rated age of the insured is determined.

Section 16. The first paragraph of subsection (e), Section 2929, Chapter 29, Title 18, Delaware Code, Is amended by striking all of said first paragraph and inserting in lieu thereof the following new paragraph:

(e) This subsection (e) shall not apply to ordinary policies issued on or after the operative date of subsection (g) as defined therein. In the case of ordinary policies issued on or after the operative date of this subsection as defined herein, all adjusted premiums and present values referred to in this section shall be calculated on the basis of the Commissioners 1958 Standard Ordinary Mortality Table and the rate of interest specified in the policy for calculating cash surrender values and paid-up nonforfeiture benefits provided that such rate of interest shall not exceed 3 1/2% per annum except that a rate of interest not exceeding 4% annum may be used for policies issued on or after June 21, 1973, and prior to July 8, 1980, and a rate of interest not exceeding 5 1/2% per annum may be used for policies issued on or after July 8, 1980, and provided that for any category or ordinary insurance issued on female risks, adjusted premiums and present values may be calculated according to en age not more than 6 years younger than the actual age of the Insured. Provided, however, that M calculating the present value of any paid-up term insurance with accompanying pure endowment, if any, offered as nonforfelture benefit, the rates of mortality assumed may be not more than those shown in the Commissioners 1958 Extended Term Insurance Table. Provided, further, that for insurance issued on a substandard basis, the calculation of any such adjusted premiums and present values may be based on such other table of mortality as may be specified by the insurer and approved by the commissioner.

Section 17. The first paragraph of subsection (f), Section 2929, Chapter 29, Title 18, Delaware Code, is amended by striking all of said first paragraph and inserting in lieu thereof the following new paragraph:

(f) This subsection (f) shall not apply to industrial policies Issued on or after the operative date of subsection (g) as defined therein. In the case of industrial policies issued on or after the operative date of this subsection, as defined herein, all adjusted premiums and present values referred to in this section shall be calculated on the basis of the Commissioners 1961 Standard Industrial Mortality Table and the rate of interest specified in the policy for calculating cash surrender values and paid-up nonforfeiture benefits provided that such rate of interest shall not exceed 3 1/2% per annum, except that a rate of interest not exceeding 4% per annum may be used for policies Issued on or after June 21, 1973, and prior to July 8, 1980, and a rate of interest not exceeding 5 1/2% per annum may be used for policies issued on or after July 8, 1980. Provided, however, that in calculating the present value of any paid-up term insurance with accompanying pure endowment, if any offered as a nonforfeiture benefit, the rates of mortality assumed may be not more than those shown in the Commissioners 1961 Industrial Extended Term Insurance Table. Provided, further, that for insurance issued on a substandard basis, the calculations of any such adjusted premiums and present values may be based on such other table of mortality as may be specified by the insurer and approved by the commissioner.

Section 18. Section 2929, Chapter 29, Title 18, Delaware Code, is amended by adding new subsections (g) and (h) as follows:

g.(I) This subsection shall apply to all policies issued on or after the operative date of this subsection as defined herein. Except as provided in the seventh paragraph of this subsection, the adjusted premiums for any policy shall be calculated on an annual basis and shall be such uniform percentage of the respective premiums specified in the policy for each policy year, excluding amounts payable as extra premiums to cover impairments or special hazards and also excluding any uniform annual contract charge or policy fee specified in the policy in a statement of the method to be used in calculating the cash surrender values and paid-up nonforfeiture benefits, that the present value, at the date of Issue of the policy, of all adjusted premiums shall be equal to the sum of (I) the then present value of the future guaranteed benefits provided for by the policy; (ii) one per cent of either the amount of insurance, if the insurance be uniform in amount, or the average amount of insurance at the beginning of each of the first ten policy years; and (ill) one hundred twenty-five per cent of the nonforfeiture net level premium as hereinafter defined. Provided, however, that in applying the percentage specified in (iii) above no nonforfeiture net level premium shall be deemed to exceed four percent (4%) of either the amount of insurance, if the insurance be uniform in amount, or the average amount of insurance at the beginning of each of the first ten policy years. The date of issue of a policy for the purpose of this subsection shall be the date as of which the rated age of the insured is determined.

(2) The nonforfeiture net level premium shall be equal to the present value, at the date of issue of the policy, of the guaranteed benefits provided for by the policy divided by the present value, at the date of Issue of the policy, of an annuity of one per annum payable on the date of issue of the policy and on each anniversary of such policy on which a premium falls due.

(3) In the case of policies which cause on a basis guaranteed in the policy unscheduled changes in benefits or premiums, or which provide an option for changes in benefits or premiums other than a change to a new policy, the adjusted premiums and present Values shall initially be calculated on the assumption that future benefits and premiums do not change from those stipulated at the date of issue of the policy. At the time of any such change in the benefits or premiums the future adjusted premiums, nonforfeiture net level premiums and present values shall be recalculated on the assumption that future benefits and premiums do not change from those stipulated by the policy immediately after the change.

(4) Except as otherwise provided in the seventh paragraph of this subsection, the recalculated future adjusted premiums for any such policy shall be such uniform percentage of the respective future premiums specified in the policy for each policy year, excluding amounts payable as extra premiums to cover impairments and special hazards, and also excluding any uniform annual contract charge or policy fee specified in the policy in a statement of the method to be used in calculating the cash surrender values and paid-up nonforfeiture benefits, that the present Value, at the time of change to the newly defined benefits or premiums, of all such future adjusted premiums shall be equal to the excess of (A) the sum of (I) the then present value of the than future guaranteed benefits provided for by the policy and (II) the additional expense allowance, if any, over (B) the then cash surrender value, if any, or present value of any paid•up non-forfeiture benefit under the policy.

(5) The additional expense allowance, at the time of the change to the newly defined benefits or premiums, shall be the sum of (I) one percent of the excess, if positive, of the average amount of insurance at the beginning of each of the first ten policy years subsequent to the change over the average amount of Insurance prior to the change at the beginning of each of the first ten policy years subsequent to the time of the most recent previous change, or, if there has been no previous change, the date of issue of the policy; and (II) one hundred twenty-five per cent of the increase, if positive, in the nonforfeiture net level premium.

(6) The recalculated nonforfeiture net level premium shall be equal to the result obtained by dividing (A) by (B) where

(A) equals the sum of

(I) the nonforfeiture net level premium applicable prior to the change times the present value of an annuity of one per annum payable on each anniversary of the policy on or subsequent to the date of the change on which a premium would have fallen due had the change not occurred, and

(II) the present value of the increase in future guaranteed benefits provided for by the policy, and

(B) equals the present value of an annuity of one per annum payable on each anniversary of the policy on or subsequent to the date of change on which a premium falls due.

(7) Notwithstanding any other provisions of this subsection to the contrary, in the case of a policy issued on a substandard basis which provides reduced graded amounts of insurance so that, in each policy year, such policy has the same tabular mortality cost as an otherwise similar policy issued on the standard basis which provides higher uniform amounts of insurance, adjusted premiums and present values for such substandard policy may be calculated as if it were issued to provide such higher uniform amounts of insurance on the standard basis.

(8) All adjusted premiums and present values referred to in this section shall for all policies or ordinary insurance be calculated on the basis of (I) the Commissioners 1980 Standard Ordinary Mortality Table or (II) at the election of the insurer for any one or more specified plans of life insurance, the Commissioners 1980 Standard Ordinary Mortality Table with Ten-Year Select Mortality Factors; shall for all policies of industrial insurance be calculated on the basis of the Commissioners 1961 Standard Industrial Mortality Table; and shall for all policies issued in a particular calendar year be calculated on the basis of a rate of interest not exceeding the nonforfeiture interest rate as defined in this subsection, for policies issued in that calendar year. Provided, however, that:

(a) At the option of the insurer, calculations for all policies issued in a particular calendar year may be made on the basis of a rate of interest not exceeding the non-forfeiture interest rate, as defined in this subsection, for policies issued in the immediately preceding calendar year.

(b) Under any paid-up nonforfeiture benefit, including any paid-up dividend additions, any cash surrender value available, whether or not required by subsection (a), shall be calculated on the basis of the mortality table and rate of interest used in determining the amount of such paid-up nonforfeiture benefit and paid-up dividend additions, if any.

(c) An insurer may calculate the amount of any guaranteed paid-up nonforfeiture benefit Including any paid-up additions under the policy on the basis of an interest rate no lower than that specified in the policy for calculating cash surrender values.

(d) In calculating the present value of any paid-up term insurance with accompanying pure endowment, if any, offered as a nonforfeiture benefit, the rates of mortality assumed may be not more than those shown in the Commissioners 1980 Extended Term Insurance Table for policies of ordinary insurance and not more than the Commissioners 1961 Industrial Extended Term insurance Table for policies of industrial insurance.

(e) For insurance issued on a substandard basis, the calculation of any such adjusted premiums and present values may be based on appropriate modifications of the aforementioned tables.

(f) Any ordinary mortality tables, adopted after 1980 by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners, that are approved by regulation promulgated by the Commissioner for use in determining the minimum nonforfeiture standard may be substituted for the Commissioners 1980 Standard Ordinary Mortality Table with or without Ten-Year Select Mortality Factors or for the Commissioners 1980 Extended Term Insurance Table.

(g) Any industrial mortality tables, adopted after 1980 by the National Association of insurance Commissioners, that are approved by regulation promulgated by the Commissioner for use in determining the minimum nonforfelture standard may be substituted for the Commissioners 1961 Standard Industrial Mortality Table or the commissioners 1961 Industrial Extended Term Insurance Table.

(9) The nonforfeiture interest rate per annum for any policy issued in a particular calendar year shall be equal to one hundred and twenty-five percent (125%) of the calendar year statutory valuation interest rate for such policy as defined in the Standard Valuation Law, rounded to the nearer one quarter of one percent (1/4 of 1%).

(1) Notwithstanding any other provision in this code to the contrary, any refiling of nonforfeiture values or their methods of computaton for any previously approved policy form which involves only a change In the interest rate or mortality table used to compute nonforfeiture values shall not require refiling of any other provisions of that policy form.

(2) After the effective date of this subsection, any insurer may file with the commissioner a written notice of its election to comply with the provision of this subsection after a specified date before January first, nineteen hundred and eighty-nine, which shall be the operative date of this subsection for such insurer. If an insurer makes no such election, the operative date of this subsection for such insurer shall be January first, nineteen hundred and eighty-nine.

(h) In the case of any plan of life insurance which provides for future premium determination, the amounts of which are to be determined by the insurer based on then estimates of future experience, or in the case of any plan of life insurance which is of such a nature that minimum values cannot be determined by the methods described in subsections (e), (b), (c), (d), (e), (f), or (g) herein, then

(a) the commissioner must be satisfied that the benefits provided under the plan are substantially as favorable to policy-holders and insureds as the minimum benefits otherwise required by subsections (a), (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) herein;

(b) the commissioner must be satisfied that the benefits and the pattern of premiums of that plan are not such as to mislead prospective policyholders or insureds;

(e) the cash surrender values and paid-up nonforfeiture benefits provided by such plan must not be less than the minimum values and benefits required for the plan computed by a method consistent with the principles of this Standard Nonforfeiture Law for Life Insurance, as determined by regulations promulgated by the commissioner;

Section 19. Subsection (g), Section 2929, Chapter 29, Title 18, Delaware Code, is amended by re-lettering said subsection to be subsection (I), by striking all of said subsection and inserting in lieu thereof the following:

(I) Any cash surrender value and any paid-up nonforfeiture benefit, available under the policy in the event of default in a premium payment due at any time other than on the policy anniversary, shall be calculated with allowance for the lapse of time and the payment of fractional premiums beyond the last preceding policy anniversary. All values referred to in subsections (b), (c), (d), (e), and (f), and (g) may be calculated upon the assumption that any death benefit is payable at the end of the policy year of death. The net value of any paid-up additions, other than paid-up term additions, shall be not less than the amounts used to provide such additions. Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (b) of this section, addtional benefits payable (I) in the event of death or dismemberment by accident or accidental means, (2) in the event of total and permanent disability,

(3) as reversionary annuity or deferred reversionary annuity benefits, (4) as term insurance benefits provided by a rider or supplemental policy provision to which, if issued as a separate policy, this section would not apply, (5) as term insurance on the life of a child or on the lives of children provided in a policy on the life of a parent of the child, if such term insurance expires before the child's age is 26, is uniform in amount after the child's age is 1, and has not become paid-up by reason of the death of a parent of the child, and (6) as other policy benefits additional to life insurance and endowment benefits, and premiums for all such additional benefits, shall be disregarded in ascertaining cash surrender values and nonforfeiture benefits required by this section, and no such additional benefits shall be required to be included in any paid-up nonforfeiture benefits.

Section 20. Section 2929, Chapter 29, Title 18, Delaware Code, is amended by adding a new subsection (j) as follows:

(J) This subsection, in addition to all other applicable subsections of this law, shall apply to all policies issued on or after January 1, 1987. Any cash surrender value available under the policy in the event of default in a premium payment due on any policy anniversary shall be in an amount which does not differ by more than two tenths of one percent of either the amount of insurance, if the insurance be uniform in amount, or the average amount of insurance at the beginning of each of the first ten policy years, from the sum of (a) the greater of zero and the basic cash value hereinafter specified and (b) the present value of any existing paid-up additions less the amount of any indebtedness to the insurer under the policy.

The basic cash value shall be equal to the present value, on such anniversary, of the future guaranteed benefits which would have been provided for by the policy, excluding any existing paid-up additions and before deduction of any indebtedness to the insurer, if there had been no default, less the then present value of the nonforfeiture factors, as hereinafter defined, corresponding to premiums which would have fallen due on and after such anniversary. Provided, however, that the effects on the basic cash value of supplemental life Insurance or annuity benefits or of family coverage, as described in subsection (b), or (d), whichever is applicable, shall be the same as are the effects specified in subsection (b) or (d), whichever is applicable, on the cash surrender values defined in that subsection.

The nonforfeiture factor for each policy year shall be an amount equal to a percentage of the adjusted premium for the policy year, as defined in subsection (d) or (g), whichever is applicable. Except as is required by the next succeeding sentence of this paragraph, such percentages

(a) must be the same percentage for each policy year between the second policy anniversary and the later of (i) the fifth policy anniversary and (II) the first policy anniversary at which there Is available under the policy a cash surrender value in an amount, before including any paid-up additions and before deducting any indebtedness, of at least two tenths of one percent of either the amount of insurance, if the insurance be uniform in amount, or the average amount of insurance at the beginning of each of the first ten policy years; and

(b) must be such that no percentage after the later of the two policy anniversaries specified in the preceding item

(a) may apply to fewer than five consecutive policy years.

Provided, that no basic cash value may be less than the value which would be obtained if the adjusted premiums for the policy, as defined in subsection (d) or (g), whichever is applicable, were substituted for the nonforfeiture factors in the calculation of the basic cash value.

All adjusted premiums and present values referred to in this subsection shall for a particular policy be calculated on the same mortality and interest bases as are used in demonstrating the policy's compliance with the other subsections of this section. The cash surrender values referred to in this subsection shall include any endowment benefits provided for by the policy.

Any cash surrender value available other than in the event of default In a premium payment due on a policy anniversary, and the amount of any paid-up nonforfeiture benefit available under the policy in the event of default in a premium payment shall be determined in manners consistent with the manners specified for determining the analogous minimum amounts in subsections (a), (b), (c), (g), and (i). The amounts of any cash surrender values and of any paid-up nonforfeiture benefits granted in connection with additional benefits such as those listed as items (1) through (6) in subsection (1) shall conform with the principles of this subsection (J).

Section 21. Subsection (h), Section 2929, Chapter 29, Title 18, Delaware Code, is amended by re-lettering said subsection to be subsection (k), by striking all of said subsection and inserting in lieu thereof the following:

(k) This section shall not apply to any of the followings (1) reinsurance, group insurance,

(2) pure endowment,

(3) annuity or reversionary annuity contract,

(4) term policy of uniform amount, which provides no guaranteed nonforfeiture or endowment benefits, or renewal thereof, of twenty year or less expiring before age seventy-one, for which uniform premiums are payable during the entire term of the policy,

(5) term policy of decreasing amount, which provides no guaranteed nonforfeiture or endowment benefits, on which each adjusted premium, calculated as specified in subsections (d), (e), (f), and (g), is less than the adjusted premium so calculated, on a term policy of uniform amount, or renewal thereof, which provides no guaranteed nonforfeiture or endowment benefits, issued at the same age and for the same Initial amount of insurance and for a term of twenty years or less expiring before age seventy-one, for which uniform premiums are payable during the entire term of the policy,

(6) policy, which provides no guaranteed nonforfeiture or endowment benefits, for which no cash surrender value, if any, or present value of any paid-up nonforfeiture benefit, at the beginning of any policy year, calculated as specified In subsections (b), (c), (d), (e), (1), and (g), exceeds two and one-half percent (2-1/2%) of the amount of insurance at the beginning of the same policy year, nor

(7) policy which shall be delivered outside this state through an agent or other representative of the insurer issuing the policy.

For purposes of determining the applicability of this section, the age at expiry for a Joint term life insurance policy shall be the age at expiry of the oldest life.

Section 22. Subsection (i), Section 2929, Chapter 29, Title 18, Delaware Code, is amended by re-lettering said subsection to be subsection (1).

Section 23. This Act shall take effect upon approval by the Governor.

Approved June 21, 1983.