CHAPTER 353 - STATE OF DELAWARE - EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT PROCLAMATION
Public Proclamation No. 1 Under The State Council of Defense Act, As Amended
TO: The People within The State of Delaware.
I, Walter W. Bacon, Governor of The State of Delaware, do hereby proclaim and make known in accordance with the provisions of an Act of the General Assembly, known as the State Council of Defense Act (being Chapter 285, Volume 43 Laws of Delaware; as amended) that the orders, rules and regulations hereinafter set forth were duly adopted and approved by the State Council of Defense on the second day of March, A. D. 1943, and under said Act of the General Assembly, as amended, I hereby promulgate said orders, rules and regulations, which promulgation shall be deemed sufficient notice to all persons:
Rules, Regulations and Orders of The State Council of Defense of Delaware
1. AIR RAID PROTECTION REGULATIONS
1. Period of Blackout. The period of time beginning with the blackout (BLUE) signal, (or the air raid (RED) signal if there has been no preceding blackout (BLUE) signal) and continuing during hours of darkness or until the all clear (WHITE) signal. (See also pars. 19, 20 and 21.)
2. Period of Air Raid. The period of time beginning with the air raid (RED) signal and ending with the blackout (BLUE) signal, following the air raid (RED) signal. (See also pars. 19 and 20.)
3. Warning District. The basic 'territorial division of an air defense region for the issuance of air warning signals.
4. Area of Blackout or Air Raid Alarm. The warning district or districts in and for which a period of blackout (BLUE) signal or air raid (RED) signal is in effect.
5. Hours of Darkness. The time from a half-hour after sunset to a half-hour before sunrise the following morning between October 1 and April 30, inclusive, and from one hour after sunset until one-half hour before sunrise the following morning between May 1 and September 30, inclusive.
6. Civilian Defense Authorities. Officials or bodies of a State or political subdivision thereof or of the District of Columbia authorized by legislation, regulation or order to administer matters pertinent to the subject matter of these regulations.
7. Service Command. The Commanding General of the Service Command, SOS, in which the affected area is located, or of the Military District of Washington, or his authorized representative.
0. Director of Civilian Defense. The Director of Civilian Defense appointed by the President of the United States pursuant to Executive Order No. 8757, dated May' 20, 1941, or any amendment thereof, or his authorized representative.
1. Persons. Individuals (including officials and employees of the United States, or of any State or Territory, or of any political subdivision thereof), partnerships, associations, corporations (municipal, public or private), or any organized groups of individuals whether incorporated or not.
2. Persons in Control of Lighting.
a. With respect to light sources attached to publicly or privately owned real property of any character, the persons entitled, as owners or tenants, to occupy or enter such property or parts thereof;
b. With respect to light sources attached to road vehicles, boats, railroad trains, street cars, and aircraft, the persons in control of the operation of such conveyances;
c. With respect to light sources not attached to real property or to the conveyances described in the foregoing paragraph b, the persons in possession or entitled to possession thereof;
d. With respect to all light sources, individuals who, by reason of relationship as licensee or guest, may light or extinguish lights; and
e. Employees, agents and representatives of the persons described in the foregoing paragraphs a to d, inclusive, whose duties include the lighting or extinguishing of lights, and all persons having authority to supervise or direct such employees, agents or representatives.
11. Public Way. Streets, highways, avenues, boulevards, alleys, and other public thoroughfares, but not including sidewalks or other ways for use primarily by pedestrians.
12. Road Vehicle. Every device in, upon, or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a public way, not operated on rails, including all such devices motivated by mechanical means, or by animal or human power.
13. Motor Vehicle. Any road vehicle which is self-propelled.
14. Boat. Any means of transportation by water.
15. Railroad Train. Any means of transportation by rail, except street cars.
16. Street Car. Any vehicle or train of vehicles operating on rails at or above ground level (including elevated trains and subway trains while operating in the open), primarily for the purpose of transporting persons, principally on or over public ways lying within one municipality or metropolitan area as defined by the United States Bureau of Census.
SECTION II--AIR WARNING SIGNAL SYSTEM
17. Transmission of Signals. The air warning signals described in paragraphs 18, 19, 20 and 21 shall be issued, sounded, or announced only upon the order or the authorization of the fighter command to the district warning center which is operated by civilian defense authorities. The fighter command is responsible only that the district warning center receives the order or authorization for the giving of such signals. Civilian defense authorities are responsible for the transmission of such signals from the district warning center through their alarm warning systems to the public. In the case of practice blackouts or practice air raids, such air warning signals shall be issued, sounded, or announced only upon the order or authorization of the service command to civilian defense authorities.
0. Yellow Signal. This is a confidential preliminary caution signal not to be given by audible public alarm. It indicates the POSSIBILITY of an air raid in the warning district so warned. This signal shall be transmitted by civilian defense authorities only to such key persons, essential industries, railroads, and places within such warning district as such authorities deem essential to initiate proper steps to insure timely blackout or air raid precautions.
1. Mobilization and Blackout (BLUE) Signal. This is an audible warning signal indicating the PROBABILITY of an air raid in the warning district so warned. This signal will be a long note (approximately two minutes) at steady pitch of sirens, horns, or whistles. Upon the sounding of this signal, within such warning district, civilian defense forces will mobilize or remain mobilized; if during hours of darkness, lighting will be extinguished or obscured except as permitted by paragraphs 24 to 37, inclusive, and pedestrians and traffic may continue or resume movement.
2. Air Raid (RED) Signal. This is an audible public warning signal indicating the PROXIMITY of enemy aircraft and the IMMINENCE of an air raid in the warning district so warned. This signal (approximately two minutes) will be a series of short blasts of horns or whistles or a warbling or fluctuating sound of varying pitch of a siren. Upon the sounding of this signal, in addition to the actions required by the mobilization and blackout (BLUE) signal, as contained in paragraph 19 above, within such warning district blackout shall be completed by extinguishing or obscuring all lights, except as permitted by paragraphs 24 to 35, inclusive, and pedestrians, vehicles and other conveyances shall comply with the requirements of paragraphs 38 to 42, inclusive.
21. All Clear (WHITE) Signal. This signal is a public signal indicating ALL CLEAR in the district so warned. This signal may be transmitted by radio, telephone, police, by turning on street lights which have been extinguished on the BLUE signal, or other available means. This signal may also be given by horns, whistles, or sirens, as specified by local civilian defense authorities, provided, however, that such audible signal shall not be the same as the mobilization and blackout (BLUE) signal and the air raid (RED) signal, as provided in paragraphs 19 and 20 above, and shall not resemble said signals so as to be confused therewith. Where such audible signal is used, as provided above, in a metropolitan area, embodying two or more municipalities, such signal shall be first coordinated by the service command or service commands within which such area is located. When an ALL CLEAR (WHITE) signal follows a YELLOW signal without an intervening mobilization and blackout (BLUE) or air raid (RED) signal, it shall not be an audible signal but shall be transmitted only in the manner provided for the YELLOW signal, as in paragraph 18 above.
SECTION III--PROHIBITED LIGHTING
22. Prohibited Lighting. During the period and in the area of blackout occurring during hours of darkness, persons in control of lighting shall cause all lights visible from the outside to be extinguished or blacked-out as promptly as possible, except as permitted in paragraphs 24 to 37, inclusive.
a. In Coastal Dimout Areas designated as such, the goal or time objective for the completion of all blackout measures shall be five (5) minutes.
b. In all other parts of the Second Service Command of the Eastern Military Area, all blackout measures shall be completed as near five (5) minutes as possible but in any event not to exceed fifteen (15) minutes.
23. Unattended Lighting. At all times during hours of darkness, occupants of premises and operators of road vehicles and other conveyances shall not have any unattended lighting, except as permitted in paragraphs 24 to 35. Lighting shall be considered unattended unless a competent individual, who is a member, employee, or guest of the household or business establishment of the occupier, or who is the operator or occupant of a road vehicle or other conveyance, or who, by arrangement with any such individual has undertaken responsibility for said lighting, can blackout as provided in paragraph 22 above.
SECTION IV--LIGHTING PERMITTED DURING PERIODS OF BLACKOUT AND DURING PERIODS OF AIR RAID
0. General. During the periods and in the areas of blackout or air raid, during hours of darkness, whether attended or not, lighting is permitted as provided in paragraphs 25 to 35, inclusive.
23. Lights in Buildings and Residences.
a. In building interiors a small amount of controlled illumination, sufficient to permit reasonable facility of movement without necessitating complete obscuration of doors and windows, is permitted only when the indoor incandescent lamps or lighting units are installed in accordance with the directions contained in subparagraph b below and which--
(1) Are marked "Indoor Blackout--War Department Standard" (See W. D. Specifications--Blackout of Buildings) Or
(2) Conform to the following requirements:
(a) Watts--not more than fifteen (15);
(b) Bulb coating--opaque except for circular aperture on bulb end;
(c) Circular aperture--maximum diameter of one (1) inch;
(d) Color of aperture--orange or orange-red; or
(3) Conform to the following requirements:
(e) Watts--not more than twenty-five (25).
(f) Circuit-230 volt bulb used on 115 volt circuit.
(g) Bulb coating--opaque except for circular aperture on end of bulb.
(h) Circular aperture--maximum diameter of one (1) inch.
(i) Color of aperture--clear or frosted.
b. All indoor blackout lights, permitted as above, shall be installed in accordance with the following directions:
(1) In any one room, only one unit is permitted to each two hundred square feet of floor area or a fraction thereof.
(1) Units shall be spaced not less than ten feet apart in any direction.
(1) In corridors, one row of units is permitted at a spacing of not less than fifteen feet.
(4) Units shall be placed at least three feet from any window, exterior door, or other opening.
(5) Units shall not be pointed toward any window, exterior door, or other opening.
(6) Units may be installed at any height when openings are covered in the usual manner with drawn window shades, drapes, blinds, or one thickness of newspaper, or whenever each unit has a shade which screens the unit from outside observation above the horizontal.
(7) Units shall be located above the tops of such openings, when exterior openings are not covered and when units are not otherwise shaded from outside observation above the horizontal.
c. Interior red exit lights are permitted in all public buildings, with the restriction that each exit light shall be so located or shielded as to screen direct light from falling on windows or doors, and that it shall be equipped with one lamp of not more than 15 watts.
26. Emergency Motor Vehicles. Emergency motor vehicles as defined in paragraph 41, may move during periods stated in paragraph 24 above, using only headlights (on low or depressed beam) and normal tail lights and license plate lights.
27. Traffic Signals and Traffic Signs. Traffic signals, traffic signs, fire and police box markers and other illuminated signal devices, complying with War Department Specifications "Traffic Control During Blackouts," are permitted during periods stated in paragraph 24 above.
28. Street Lighting Luminaires. Street lighting luminaires complying with War Department Specification "Street Lighting During Blackouts," are permitted during periods stated in paragraph 24 above.
29. Flashlights, Lanterns and Flares. Flashlights, lanterns and flares complying with War Department Specification "Flashlights, Lanterns and Flares," are permitted during periods stated in paragraph 24 above. Pending the availability of specified filters or automatic cut-offs, flashlights not so equipped may be used provided the light is filtered through (a) three thicknesses of newspaper, or (b) one thickness of newspaper and one sheet of red cellophane. Flashlights shall not be pointed above the horizontal. Pending the availability of lanterns complying with the above specification, lanterns equipped with red or orange globes may be used to mark excavations or other dangerous obstructions.
30. Water Navigation Lights. During the periods as stated in paragraph 24, the following water navigation lights are permitted:
a. Lights on fixed or floating structures except such as are specified by the United States Navy as not essential to indicate safe channels of navigation.
b. Lights on boats to the extent required by the United States Navy.
31. Aeronautical Lights. During the periods as stated in paragraph 24, the following aeronautical lights are permitted:
c. Floodlights and runway approach lights only at those fields and only to the extent necessary to expedite clearing the air of flights.
d. Position lights on aircraft in flight as required by the Civil Aeronautics Administration.
e. Obstruction lights, except such as are specified by the service command as not essential.
f. Beacon lights as specifically authorized by the service command. (Otherwise beacon lights shall comply with the provisions of paragraph 22.)
32. Thermal Processes. During the periods specified in paragraph 24, light emitted from industrial processes, such as furnace glow in glass, pottery and cement works, iron foundries, steel mills, and coke works, is permitted, provided however, that such light shall be shielded, obscured, reduced in intensity or otherwise treated to as great an extent as may be practicable in order to reduce to a minimum the light visible from the outside. Steam or smoke shall be reduced to the minimum.
0. Railroad Lights. During the periods as specified in paragraph 24 above, all railroad lights on rolling stock and fixed installations are permitted provided they comply with "Rules and Regulations for Railroads During Blackout or Air Raid Alarms within the Eastern Defense Command," approved by the War Department September 3, 1942.
1. Lighting of Military Necessity. All lights of the armed forces necessarily used in active defense measures are permitted during the periods stated in paragraph 24.
32. Specially Authorized Lights. Any lights specifically authorized by the service command are permitted during such period and to such extent as he may deem appropriate.
SECTION V--LIGHTING PERMITTED DURING PERIODS OF BLACKOUT BUT PROHIBITED DURING PERIODS OF AIR RAID
0. Special Permitted Lights. During the period and in the area of blackout (BLUE), but not during the period of air raid (RED), (1) street lights and traffic signals, (2) lights in military and naval installations and manufacturing plants or other facilities essential to the war effort, and (3) lights in railroad classification yards, are permitted, provided such three classes of lights comply with the following conditions:
a. That such lights comply with dimout regulations in effect in such area, or, in the absence of such regulations, if they do not contribute materially to skyglow; and
b. That such lights shall be extinguished or blacked out within one (1) minute from the sounding of the air raid (RED) signal when such signal follows a blackout (BLUE) signal.
37. Lights on Road Vehicles and Other Conveyances. During the period and in the area of blackout (BLUE), but not during the period of air raid (RED):
a. All moving motor vehicles are permitted to use headlights (on low or depressed beam) and normal tail lights and license plate lights.
b. Street cars, elevated trains and subway trains operating above ground level are permitted to use normal exterior and interior lights.
c. Road vehicles other than motor vehicles are permitted to use normal lights.
SECTION VI--MOVEMENT OF VEHICLES AND OTHER CONVEYANCES: PEDESTRIANS
38. General. During the period and in the area of air raid (RED) alarm:
d. All road vehicles, except emergency vehicles as defined in paragraph 41, shall be immediately stopped (except as provided in paragraphs 39 and 40) and parked so that roadway space shall be left for the passage of traffic, and all lights shall be extinguished. Occupants shall leave said vehicles as soon as parked and shall take shelter, except that occupants of road vehicles carrying property which must be guarded may remain in said parked vehicles.
e. Street cars shall be stopped at loading points or other safe and convenient locations, and passengers shall be discharged and take shelter. All exterior and interior lights shall be extinguished.
c. Ridden or herded animals shall clear the public way for the passage of traffic.
d. Boats shall comply with regulations issued by the United States Navy.
e. Movement of railroad trains and personnel shall be in accordance with the provisions of "Rules and Regulations for Railroads During Blackout or Air Raid Alarms within the Eastern Defense Command," approved by the War Department September 3, 1942.
39. Bridges and Tunnels. During the period and in the area of air raid (RED) alarm, road vehicles, other than emergency vehicles, and street cars shall not enter bridges, viaducts, or tunnels and, if already there, shall proceed to the end or exit thereof and as far beyond as necessary to park in accordance with the preceding paragraph 38 a.
40. Vehicles Transporting Dangerous Materials. Vehicles transporting explosives, gasoline, or other dangerous combustibles shall, upon the signal for an air raid (RED) proceed forthwith, where possible, to a place more than one hundred (100) feet from the nearest habitation or business premises and there park as provided in paragraph 38 a. Vehicles so proceeding may use headlights (low or depressed beam), normal tail lights, and license plate lights.
41. Emergency Vehicles. The term "Emergency Vehicles" shall mean the following road vehicles:
a. Vehicles of, or acting under orders of, or traveling with the express permission of, the armed forces of the United States and her allies;
b. Vehicles of fire departments and governmental police agencies;
c. Ambulances and official rescue cars and other vehicles converted to such use in emergency service;
d. Public utility repair vehicles operating in emergency service;
e. Vehicles in emergency service identified by insignia prescribed by the director of civilian defense. In exceptional cases vehicles without such identifying insignia will be permitted to move as emergency vehicles provided the appropriate civilian defense authorities are satisfied that the use of such vehicles is necessary in the performance of emergency duties.
42. Pedestrians. Upon the signal for an air raid (RED) all persons shall immediately take shelter in the nearest building in which they are legally permitted to enter or in the designated shelter area most convenient to them, except those required for the performance of their official duties as follows:
a. Uniformed members of the armed forces of the United States and her allies, and of the State Guards.
b. Members of fire departments and governmental police agencies.
c. Persons as authorized by civilian defense authorities who wear arm bands or carry identification cards with insignia prescribed by the director of civilian defense, or persons wearing arm bands authorized for the Aircraft Warning Service; provided all such persons are required to move in the performance of their emergency duties.
43. Radio Stations will be silenced at such time and for such periods as may be ordered by fighter command as follows:
a. Radio stations operating on frequencies between three thousand (3,000) and thirty thousand (30,000) kilocycles will not be silenced.
b. Radio stations operating on frequencies below three thousand (3,000) and above thirty thousand (30,000) kilocycles will be ordered silenced when the tactical situation warrants, except as follows:
(1) During periods of blackout and air raid, special broadcast messages on selected frequencies may be made under the specific direction and control of the service command.
(2) Army and Navy stations may operate to a necessary minimum when necessity dictates as determined by the local commander.
(3) Police, fire and other special emergency radio stations may remain in operation upon the following basis:
(a) Each transmission will not exceed thirty (30) seconds.
(b) Transmission will be at intervals of not less than two (2) minutes.
(c) The normal call letter will be omitted.
(d) The intelligence transmitted will not disclose identity or location of station.
SECTION VIII--PRACTICE BLACKOUTS AND PRACTICE AIR RAIDS
44. Practice Blackouts and Practice Air Raids may be conducted by Federal, State and local authorities in such area, at such times, and to such extent as may be authorized by the service command in which the area is located. The service command may excuse from such practice blackouts or practice air raids, for such periods and to such extent as he may determine, any military or naval installation, manufacturing plant or other facility essential to the war effort, provided the said service command has ascertained that such installation, plant, or facility is prepared to and is proficient in blackout, or for such other reasons as he may deem appropriate.
SECTION IX--FALSE BLACKOUTS OR AIR RAIDS
45. False Blackouts or Air Raids. No person shall order, utter, publish, sound, or otherwise simulate or cause to be ordered, uttered, published, sounded, or otherwise simulated, any air warning signal unless ordered or authorized to do so by the fighter command or, in the case of practice blackouts or practice air raids, as authorized by the service command, or for the testing of air warning equipment on Saturdays between twelve (12) o'clock noon and five (5) minutes following, as authorized by the civilian defense authorities.
SECTION X--ILLEGAL USE OF INSIGNIA
46. Illegal Use of Insignia. No person shall wear, exhibit, display, use, manufacture, sell, or offer for sale for any purpose, or cause to be worn, exhibited, displayed, used, manufactured, sold, or offered for sale for any purpose, any arm band, badge, emblem, uniform, pennant, card, or other identification or credential embodying the insignia prescribed by the director of civilian defense or prescribed for the Aircraft Warning Service, or any simulation or adaptation of such insignia, except in accordance with rules and regulations of the director of civilian defense or the Aircraft Warning Service.
SECTION XI--ENFORCEMENT AND PENALTIES
0. Any person who violates any regulation contained herein is subject to the penalties provided by Section 9 of the State Council of Defense Act.
II. REGULATIONS FOR CONTROL OF ARTIFICIAL LIGHTING WITHIN THE COASTAL DIMOUT AREA, BEING KENT AND SUSSEX COUNTIES IN THE STATE OF DELAWARE
Section I DEFINITIONS
1. Hours of Darkness. For the duration of the war or until such time as rescinded or amended, these regulations shall be in full force and effect from one-half hour after sundown each night until one-half hour before sunrise the following morning between the dates of October 1 and April 30, inclusive, and from one hour after sundown each night until one-half hour before sunrise the following morning between the dates of May 1 and September 30.
0. Visible from Sea. Lights are considered to be "visible from sea" when they are visible from the seaward side of a line beginning at Rocky Point, in the Town of Southold, Long Island; thence easterly along the coast line and around the southern shore of Long Island to Fort Hamilton; thence to Fort Wadsworth, Staten Island; thence along the southern shore of Staten Island to the mouth of the Raritan River; thence along the northern and eastern shore of New Jersey to Cape May; thence north and westward along the shore line of New Jersey to Ben Davis Point; thence southwest to Deep Water Point, Delaware; thence southward along the coast line of Delaware to the Delaware-Maryland State boundary.
1. Coastal Dimout Area. These regulations apply to a Coastal Dimout Area which includes specifically the Counties of Kent and Sussex in The State of Delaware.
2. Source of Light. For the purpose of these regulations, the term "Source of Light" is defined as follows: Any glass enclosed filament, gas mantle, fluorescent or neon tube, arc light, or other light generating element operating on an electrical circuit, by illuminating gas, open flame or otherwise, together with all enclosing transparent or translucent material.
Section II GENERAL PROVISIONS
5. Any light visible from out-of-doors that cannot be extinguished, completely obscured, or reduced in intensity in accordance with Standard War Department Blackout Specifications within five minutes of the sounding of the signal for a blackout, shall be permanently extinguished.
Section III LIGHTS VISIBLE FROM SEA
6. All lights or reflections therefrom, with the exception of external vehicular headlights and lamps, shall be shielded, obscured, or reduced in intensity so that they are not visible from the sea. If they cannot be so shielded or controlled they shall be extinguished.
0. On streets, highways or within areas where vehicular headlights are visible from the sea, but subject to the exceptions hereinafter stated, vehicles shall operate with no more than two lighted driving lamps and each such lamp shall not exceed a maximum of 250 beam candlepower. (Parking lights generally provide less than this maximum allowance of 250 beam candlepower.) Normal rear lights, license plates lights and clearance lights are permitted. Vehicles responding to a fire alarm or when in the immediate pursuit of an actual or suspected violator of the law, or when going to the aid of or transporting a person who is in apparent need of immediate emergency medical or surgical care, or when responding to other emergency involving the protection of life or property, shall be excepted from the foregoing provisions.
Section IV ESSENTIAL ILLUMINATION
8. All exterior lights used for illumination of streets or guidance of traffic, except exterior automobile lamps, shall be reduced in wattage and number to the minimum consistent with their purpose and those retained in use shall be permanently shielded in such a manner that the source of light will not be visible above the horizontal.
9. The use of high-beam vehicle headlights within the coastal dimout area is prohibited. Headlights, if used, shall have the upper one-half of the lens obscured by opaque paint or other opaque material. (Headlights visible from the sea must be further dimmed as provided in paragraph 7.)
10. All exterior lights used for outdoor manufacturing, in railroad yards, for repair work, shipbuilding, necessary handling or storage of raw or finished materials, or for any type of outdoor construction work, shall be reduced as in paragraph 8 above, and shall be permanently shielded in such a manner that the source of light will not be visible at an angle less than 45 degrees below the horizontal.
11. All exterior lights used for protective purposes, such as illumination of fence lines, exits, sides of buildings or open areas, shall be shielded as in paragraph 10 above, and in no case shall the light as measured on the ground or other horizontal illuminated areas exceed one foot candle at any point.
12. Interior lighting of buildings used for residential or commercial purposes, or both, industrial establishments engaged in production of war materials (whether federally owned or operated or privately owned or operated) shall be shaded or otherwise controlled either at the source of light or at the openings of such buildings in such a manner that the source of light, as defined in paragraph 4 above, shall not be directly visible from any point outside of said buildings.
13. Lights or windows in railroad trains, elevated trains, street cars, buses, and ferries, shall be shielded or otherwise controlled in such a manner that no source of light will be visible from the outside at an angle above the horizontal, and the escape of light therefrom shall not exceed two foot candles at any point three feet from the said vehicles. Lights or windows in subway trains at such times as they are exposed above ground shall be subject to this regulation.
14. Bonfires, brush fires, burning fields, and other outdoor fires, shall be completely extinguished during the hours that these regulations are applicable.
15. These regulations do not apply to official maritime or aerial navigation lights.
Section V NON-ESSENTIAL ILLUMINATION
16. All exterior lights used for illumination of open areas, parking lots, gasoline filling stations, playgrounds, places of amusement or entertainment, sidewalk cafes, marquees, open air gardens, terraces, for holiday decorations, and all other exterior lights not specifically covered by other regulations herein, shall be permanently shielded in such a manner that no source of light will be visible at an angle less than 45 degrees below the horizontal. Such lighting shall be further limited as follows:
a. In no case shall the lighting as measured on the open area exceed one foot candle at any point.
b. In no case shall the total wattage used exceed the following limits:
For incandescent bulbs-1/8th watt per square foot of lighted area.
For fluorescent tubes-1/16th watt per square foot of lighted area.
17. All exterior advertising signs, however illuminated, shall be extinguished.
18. Interior lighting of stores, show windows, restaurants, bars, commercial and industrial establishments (other than war production plants) and all other interior lights, not specifically covered by other regulations herein, shall be extinguished, OR IN LIEU OF SUCH EXTINGUISHMENT, shall be dimmed, shielded or otherwise controlled in such a manner as to prevent the source of light being visible from above the horizontal, and also so as to prevent the escape of light from such building in excess of two foot candles, as measured by a photronic cell (light meter) held at any point three feet from any window, door or other opening of such building or establishment.
(Note.--For the purpose of these regulations, some suggestions for accomplishing compliance with the above regulation are:
a. Where show or display windows are lighted by incandescent bulbs and such bulbs are shielded in a manner to prevent them from being directly visible from the outside, and such display window is separated from the main portion of the store or establishment by a partition or other baffle, it has been determined that the escape of light will not violate these regulations if no more than ten watts per linear foot of window space is employed.
b. Where fluorescent tubes are employed under conditions as outlined in paragraph a. above, it has been determined that the use of five watts per linear foot of window space is permissible.
c. Where the interior of the main portion of stores, restaurants and other physically similar establishments are exposed to exterior view by large windows or openings, it has been found that the restriction of wattage to one-eighth watt per square foot of floor space is effective.
d. Where it is desired to increase the wattage stated in notes a, b, c, above, the use of fine mesh fabric curtains at the windows, or filters or other methods or devices may be employed to limit the escape of light to that permissible as stated in paragraph 18 above.)
Section VI ENFORCEMENT AND PENALTIES
19. Any person who violates any regulation contained herein is subject to the penalties provided by Section 9 of the State Council of Defense Act.
III. The right of any person to enter, remain in, or leave the State of Delaware or any part or Zone thereof, shall hereafter be subject to regulations governing air raid protection including coastal dimout, blackout, the control of lighting and radio, the movement of vehicles and other conveyances, and activities of persons during periods of blackout and air raid, and related matters, issued by the State Council of Defense, as hereinabove set forth.
. In all parts of the State of Delaware, a blackout shall be effected as soon as the authorized signal therefor has been given and shall continue until the authorized signal to terminate the blackout.
I. Within the State of Delaware, there is hereby designated a Coastal Dimout Area. This Coastal Dimout Area shall embrace the Counties of Kent and Sussex.
II. Throughout the Coastal Dimout Area, nightly dim-outs, in accordance with regulations of the State Council of Defense as hereinabove set forth, will be observed. This dimout is a preparatory step for periods of blackout throughout the Coastal Dimout Area. The regulations governing air raid protection provide that a blackout must be effected more quickly in the Coastal Dimout Area than in those parts of the State of Delaware not included in the Coastal Dimout Area.
VII. The orders, rules and regulations hereby promulgated shall be effective the first day of May, A. D. 1943.
Nothing contained herein shall be construed as limiting or , modifying the duty and responsibility of any person in the State of Delaware with respect to observing the orders, rules and regulations issued by the Army and Navy of the United States or by any other duly authorized agency of the United States Government.
A copy of this Proclamation shall be displayed for public inspection within the State of Delaware at every Selective Service Local Board, and at every Post Office, Court House, and Town Hall. All newspapers of general circulation within the State of Delaware are requested to give due publicity to this Proclamation. It shall be the duty of every person within the State of Delaware to familiarize himself with the terms of this Proclamation, and the orders, rules and regulations of the State Council of Defense herein set forth.
This Proclamation shall be duly filed with the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware as a public record, and published in accordance with law.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the Great Seal of the State of Delaware to be affixed at Dover, this twenty-second day of April, in the year of Our Lord one thousand nine hundred and forty-three, and of the Independence of the United States the one hundred and sixty-seventh.
By the Governor:
WALTER W. BACON
WILLIAM J. STOREY, Secretary of State.